• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Review Marwick's article "The Fundamentals of History", in so doing, defining what he regards history to be.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐HIST2001B ASSIGNMENT 1 : Historical Analysis 1008636272 Kim Taesun 1. Review Marwick's article, in so doing, defining what he regards history (the subject) to be. In The Fundamentals of History, Arthur Marwick defines history as the bodies of knowledge that consists of the production, communication and teaching about the past produced by historians. Therefore, what historians do is produce knowledge about the past, not reconstruct the past. There is an awareness of the distinction between history and the past. It implies that history as "the bodies of knowledge about the past produced by historian", and "the past" as "everything which actually happened, whether known, or written, about by historians or not". The author points out the necessity, subjectivity question, second and primary sources, witting and unwitting testimony and strategy as a key factor to care about for historical study. Before mentioning what history should regard to be, the author emphasizes the answer to the question "What is the use of history?", which is related to the necessity for history. Knowledge about the past is essential to society that without the knowledge of history we would be without identity. Understanding of past events and circumstances can provide a opportunity for approach to the complicated issues such as Palestine or the Balkans. ...read more.

Middle

Thus, history is not just a matter of analysing a single source, but accumulating details from various sources refined through qualification, corroboration and correction. Another important factor to define work of history is strategy to exploit sources. The need for strategy using sources to identify the topics to be addressed and the archives to be used is emphasized in the article. The technical skills lie in understanding how and why a particular source came into existence and how relevant it is to the topic under investigation. Along with the strategy, it is also important to develop a structure to deliver knowledge about what was happening, what interactions there were, what changed, and what did not. Marwick defines the fundamental of history is to convey knowledge with precise and explicit language about the past based on investigation and analysis of the evidences. He indicates that "history is not a formation dace in which everybody in one period marches in one direction, and then, in the next, marches off in a different direction." Study of history is essential to society and the knowledge helps identify who we are and who we will be. Therefore, history regards to be based on logical thought and scholarly discipline and there ought to be careful attention to how it is produced, communicated and taught about. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless, this change of tendency does not mean that other forms of history have disappeared. One result of Carr's influence was to guide many historians to reflect on their own biases and preconceptions in their works, to articulate the purposes for which they wrote. However, he also encouraged them, in the long run, to make a virtue of necessity. A genuine historian will never manipulate or distort the materials which the past has left behind and which form the basis for the historian's work; but within the limits of what the sources allow there is plenty of room for differing emphases and interpretations. Knowledge of historiography is considered important to comprehending how to study the past because it helps to grasp the cause and effect of the past and also the correlation with other happenings of importance. More importantly, the evidence from the past may be biased or mistaken, fragmentary after long periods of cultural or linguistic change. It is impossible to exactly recreate past experience. The best we can do is to create critical thinking and analytical processes, as well as establish evaluative methods to understand the past. Historians therefore, have to assess their evidence with a critical eye and provide the necessary means to interpret, analyse and evaluate the past in an informed manner. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The history of Brazil.

    The United States acted as a sovereign nation, made their own laws, which enabled the laws to fit their own desires. During this time period Great Britain began to break away from slavery, therefore the laws disbarring slavery applied to Brazil.

  2. Free essay

    Using one or more examples of your choice, demonstrate how the historian should interrogate ...

    Document one demonstrates how a larger audience can affect the source, for example as the Papal Bull can be read or heard by anyone Pope Pius, the author, ensures that he does not alarm any swaying Catholics by stating that Roman Catholic Church is threatened by Protestants instead he writes

  1. I.B Internal Assessment- History- Assess the aims and impact of the Black Panthers between ...

    The Party wanted retrials for black men in jail who were wrongfully accused, and justice for black men in trial12. They were determined to no longer struggle against the oppressor and have a say in what they do13. 4. Organizing programs to meet the needs of the black community Survival

  2. HG exam study sheet

    EUs : seule super-puissance (base militaire et l'OTAN qu'il dirige) Hegemonie (toute puissance) est conteste (9/11). La Decolonisation et le Tiers Monde Decolonisation : l'action par laquelle un pays colonise accede a l'independence. La 2e guerre mondiale a fragilise les empires coloniaux car ils ont perdu leur prestige.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Lenin fled 1 day before the government issues warrants for the arrest of the Bolsheviks on the grounds that they were traitors with German support. Results of the July Days 1. Hardening of PG?s attitude towards the left, leading figures including Trotsky were jailed.

  2. Aboriginal Human Rights and Canadian History

    This paper would end the special legal relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian state and dismantling the Indian Act. The government?s intention was to achieve equality among all Canadians by eliminating Indian as a legal status. By doing so, Aboriginal peoples simply become citizens with the same rights, opportunities and responsibilities as other non-Aboriginal Canadians.

  1. The History and Development of the American Dream

    Still, the readiness of people to sue is a key social factor. Ultimately, most Americans would like to achieve the American Dream of financial independence. Yet it is the means to achieving it that are essential to the nation's ethical foundations.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    armies attack Israel simultaneously at 2pm, it is the holiest day of the Jewish year. Israel is taken by surprise. 7 Egypt crosses the Suez Canal 8 Israel launches a counter attack 10 Syria is pushed back behind its 1967 lines 13-14 Egypt's 4th and 21st armoured divisions attack Israel

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work