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Revolutions and New Government

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Introduction

Unit 2: Revolutions and New Government Essay Test Mat Laffitte History per 4 - Mahony January 10, 2007 Prompt: "The American Revolution and the Latin American Wars of Independence have absolutely nothing in common." Discuss. In 1776 North Americans in search of freedom, liberty, and justice announced their independence from British rule. This is known as the American Revolution. Nearly thirty years later their neighboring countries in South America took after them in a series of revolts from Spanish rule. This is known as the Latin American Wars of Independence. Although they occurred in different centuries, the battles for independence were generally advocated in the same sequence - A spread of knowledge throughout the nation leading to reform. When observing three major causes for revolution - social, economic, and intellectual aspects, it can be concluded that the Latin American Wars of Independence and the American Revolution did in fact occur for many similar reasons. The colonists of North America and Latin Americans worked towards independence due to inspiration from European ideas, a growing sense of nationalism, and a large poverty gap between the rich and poor due to economic oppression. ...read more.

Middle

Simon Bolivar was a Venezuelan leader who liberated much of South America. Bernardo O'Higgins led the revolution in Chili, which led to their independence. Jose de San Martin led the revolution in Argentina which led to their independence. Jose de Sucre aided to secure independence from Spain in South America. George Washington played a crucial role in fighting for, creating, and leading the United States of America. When comparing both revolutions, the natives or lower classes were constantly oppressed by the whites. An example of this in Latin America is the Haitian revolution. In the Haitian revolution the slaves wanted a better life, and therefore rose up against the farmers and overtook the island as well as government. A similar situation can be seen during the American Revolution with Pontiacs Rebellion of 1763. Pontiacs Rebellion was after the French and Indian war and treaty, when the natives were contemptuous of the British, which caused a rebellion against the British. This shows that in both cases the natives were able to rebel against whites. The American Revolution and the Latin American Wars of Independence were under similar economic conditions, which led them to revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

Benign neglect was the period when Great Britain ignored the intended mercantilist policies of the North American colonies, allowing them to practice freedom of trade. An example of this was the Townsend Acts of 1767. The Townsend Acts were regulations of a light import duty on glass, white lead, paint, and tea on the colonists passed by Parliament. In addition to this, the Tea Act of 1773 further directed the colonists toward a laissez faire economy. The Tea Act of 1773 was where the British were given a tea monopoly in American colonies, and sold tea below colonial prices. The colonists saw this as an example of taxation without representation, which led to the Boston Tea Party in 1773. The Boston Tea Party was when colonists dressed as Indians threw chests of tea from three British ships into the Harbor as opposition to the Tea Act. It can be concluded from this that the economic causes for both the Latin American Wars of Independence and the American Revolution were derived from ideas of the Enlightenment inspiring opposition to the economic oppression of European powers. Both revolutions shared a common economic goal of freeing themselves from oppression in order to work towards a laissez-fair based economy and the benefit of their own nation. ...read more.

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