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To what extent was the norths win over the south in the American civil war attributed to the moral of their soldiers due to what they believe in?

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A. Plan of Investigation: To what extent was the north's win over the south in the American civil war attributed to the moral of their soldiers due to what they believe in? The American civil war started in 1861 and lasted approximately four years until 1865. Many consider this era one of the darkest times in American history. An estimated 700,000 men and women died during this time due to the harsh conditions of war that plagued the soldiers as they fought in what they believed in. But they still had to go out and fight every day no matter what the condition were for what they believed in. With the surrender of the confederate army on April 18, 1865 the northern states were considered the victors of the American civil war. There is much controversy to what extent was the north's win over the south attributed to the moral of their soldiers and what they believed in. Some historians theorize that the north's win was attributed to their economic, social and religious standards that lead their army to great moral in the war. However others theorize that the north's moral of soldiers was actually less than southerners and the win for the north can be attributed to the lack of leadership and strategy in the confederacy. ...read more.


2. Reasons for Civil War: One of the main quarrels was about taxes paid on goods brought into this country from foreign countries. Southerners felt these tariffs were unfair and aimed specifically at them because they imported a wider variety of goods than most Northern people. An awkward economic structure affected Southern banks that found themselves paying higher interest rates on loans made with banks in the North (John Heiser). Also as northern and Midwestern states became more and more powerful due to the population growth in the cities southern states lost political power due to lack of population (John Heiser). One of the most emotional causes of the war was the issue over slavery created by different economies. In the North, the economy was based on factories and wages. The South had large plantations, which grew cotton. The plantation owners needed the slaves to pick the cotton. In the Midwest, wheat was the number one cash crop. It was harvested by a machine, so they didn't need as many workers or slaves (student Essays). 2. Conditions of Soldiers in the War: The Union and Confederate armies were haphazardly raised, badly organized, poorly trained, inadequately fed, clothed and housed, and almost wholly without comforts, sports, entertainments or proper medical care. ...read more.


The churches emphasized that the Union had to be preserved because of the special place that America occupied in world history. With its republican institutions, democratic ideals, and Christian values, the United States supposedly stood in the vanguard of civilization's forward march. At the war's outset, Northern churches were far from unanimous in their attitude toward human bondage. A few denounced the practice as a sin and called for immediate emancipation or abolition. At the other extreme, some argued that the Bible treated slavery as a morally legitimate institution (James Moorhead) 4. The effect ethnicities and companionship between soldiers: People are more loyal to a group when placed with others who share their socioeconomic, cultural, and ethnic background. In the Union army, it was common for Irish or German troops to serve in regiments separate from the native-born. Units organized by ethnic group, despite heavy casualties, ended the war with lower desertion rates than those of diverse units that never heard a shot fired in anger (Robert Mackey). Union soldiers, whether in prison camps or in the field, were the most loyal to men who looked like themselves - of the same ethnicity and occupation, from the same state or hometown, or of the same age or related by blood (Jeremy Hsu). Delker - PAGE 2 - ...read more.

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