• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the norths win over the south in the American civil war attributed to the moral of their soldiers due to what they believe in?

Extracts from this document...


A. Plan of Investigation: To what extent was the north's win over the south in the American civil war attributed to the moral of their soldiers due to what they believe in? The American civil war started in 1861 and lasted approximately four years until 1865. Many consider this era one of the darkest times in American history. An estimated 700,000 men and women died during this time due to the harsh conditions of war that plagued the soldiers as they fought in what they believed in. But they still had to go out and fight every day no matter what the condition were for what they believed in. With the surrender of the confederate army on April 18, 1865 the northern states were considered the victors of the American civil war. There is much controversy to what extent was the north's win over the south attributed to the moral of their soldiers and what they believed in. Some historians theorize that the north's win was attributed to their economic, social and religious standards that lead their army to great moral in the war. However others theorize that the north's moral of soldiers was actually less than southerners and the win for the north can be attributed to the lack of leadership and strategy in the confederacy. ...read more.


2. Reasons for Civil War: One of the main quarrels was about taxes paid on goods brought into this country from foreign countries. Southerners felt these tariffs were unfair and aimed specifically at them because they imported a wider variety of goods than most Northern people. An awkward economic structure affected Southern banks that found themselves paying higher interest rates on loans made with banks in the North (John Heiser). Also as northern and Midwestern states became more and more powerful due to the population growth in the cities southern states lost political power due to lack of population (John Heiser). One of the most emotional causes of the war was the issue over slavery created by different economies. In the North, the economy was based on factories and wages. The South had large plantations, which grew cotton. The plantation owners needed the slaves to pick the cotton. In the Midwest, wheat was the number one cash crop. It was harvested by a machine, so they didn't need as many workers or slaves (student Essays). 2. Conditions of Soldiers in the War: The Union and Confederate armies were haphazardly raised, badly organized, poorly trained, inadequately fed, clothed and housed, and almost wholly without comforts, sports, entertainments or proper medical care. ...read more.


The churches emphasized that the Union had to be preserved because of the special place that America occupied in world history. With its republican institutions, democratic ideals, and Christian values, the United States supposedly stood in the vanguard of civilization's forward march. At the war's outset, Northern churches were far from unanimous in their attitude toward human bondage. A few denounced the practice as a sin and called for immediate emancipation or abolition. At the other extreme, some argued that the Bible treated slavery as a morally legitimate institution (James Moorhead) 4. The effect ethnicities and companionship between soldiers: People are more loyal to a group when placed with others who share their socioeconomic, cultural, and ethnic background. In the Union army, it was common for Irish or German troops to serve in regiments separate from the native-born. Units organized by ethnic group, despite heavy casualties, ended the war with lower desertion rates than those of diverse units that never heard a shot fired in anger (Robert Mackey). Union soldiers, whether in prison camps or in the field, were the most loyal to men who looked like themselves - of the same ethnicity and occupation, from the same state or hometown, or of the same age or related by blood (Jeremy Hsu). Delker - PAGE 2 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    Therefore, I do not think I can solidly identify the chief causes, but merely select some of the main events which contributed to the cause of the Spanish Civil War. As for the results of the war, there were several impacts for Spain, Europe and some international impacts.

  2. The Chinese Civil War

    that we pay close attention to ...the problems of land and labor to those of fuel, rice, cooking oil and salt... We communists are like seeds and the people are like soil. Whenever we go, we must unite with the people...

  1. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War?

    The corruption of the GMD was noted in 1948 by General Joseph Stilwell (American wartime liaison officer), he reported that what he saw of the GMD was "corruption, neglect, chaos, economy, taxes...hoarding, black market". This reflected how foreigners saw the GDP government, it was inefficient and had shown their corruption

  2. Industry vs Agriculture: The Economics Leading to the Civil War

    because it would be more costly for them to buy the goods they needed. Tariffs were just another reason for separation and war (Economics and the Civil War). In conclusion, there were many economic factors that contributed to the separation of the United States and thus the Civil War.

  1. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    In 13 March 1912, Serbia and Bulgaria signed a treaty, which assigned Northern Macedonia to Serbia and Southern Macedonia to Bulgaria. Serbia reached the Adriatic of Durazzo, which gave them an important sea port. Austria-Hungary and Italy opposed to this acquisiton as they feared that a Serbian port on the

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    In the late 1950's Adenauer and President Charles de Gaulle formed an important political and personal alliance. Even so, at times the strong personality and authority of De Gaulle seemed to dominate this relationship 5) In the 1950's travel between East and West Berlin was easily possible.

  1. The History and Development of the American Dream

    The national values were forgotten utterly and completely. Business, show business, film industry, music ? every single piece of culture and life had to be bright, successful and flashy. The Americans had been plunging into their illusory reality deeper and deeper. How to make others follow? That was the question the nation was faced with.

  2. Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

    By the 1840?s they crossed the Great Plains and Rocky mountains to settle the Pacific Coast 7. Small family farms characterized agriculture in the North and South 8. Steam boats revolutionized travel of the great rivers 9. By the 1850 the canals received competition from the railways 10.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work