• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Waimar Republic - The first years of rule

Extracts from this document...


The Weimar Republic In this essay I will discuss how far I agree with the following judgment: "The Weimar Republic was weak from the start; its collapse was always likely" in terms of the period (1919-23). I will asses how the issues of this period could have been avoided, and how serious the issues were in creating a likelihood of Weimar collapse. The first years of Weimar (1919-23) Opposition from the left The biggest left-wing party was the KPD. The KPD wanted a communistic state, inspired by Marxism. They completely wanted an overthrowing of the Weimar republic, and awaited a revolution in the style of communist Russia in 1917 to bring it about. However, the more moderate left wingers, represented by the SPD, were very different in their thoughts, and they were actually committed to parliamentary democracy. Furthermore, both parties actually had poor leadership. Hence, this fundamental disagreement regarding the view on Weimar left no room for co-operation between the two major parties in the left. This was a huge weakness for the left opposition. However, their support must not be forgotten: They did hold 10-15 percent and frequently managed to create protests, strikes, etc. Perhaps their lack of ability to gain power was due to the Weimar Republics treatment of the left. ...read more.


However in the end there ere insufficient support from the Bavarian police. Hitler was arrested. What was Weimar's biggest weaknesses in dealing with the oppositions from the other parties? They views the left as too big of a threat, because he left was so good at giving the illusion of being a more powerful threat. So what we can see from the dealings with the opposition is that there were both flaws within the military itself, but more importantly from the leading persons in the military and national sntuatuin, which can bee seen. In some ways, the Munich Beer Hall putch was a strength to the Weimar Republic: the army had for once withstood orders in did not sympathize with the military leader and the Nazis. On the other hand, Weimar did not entirely manage to take control over the situation . Hitler was released after less than 10 months, and Ludendorff had not even been caught. (page 50) Also the Weimar failed in seeing how big of a insinuation the right wing was, which the putches of both Kapp and Hitler was a warning of. On the other hand, if Weimar had instead changed the leaders of the national insutaint and army, and arrested Hitler and Ludendorff maybe the right wing's future plans would have been much harder to carry out. ...read more.


Stresemann's initiatives were probably a leading factor in the Weimar survival of these economic challenges. Another factor was that the population still had some faith in their government. Popular anger was more directed towards the French and the allies who had occupied the country. Also, some businessmen became more reluctant to Weimar since they did well from the inflation. Nevertheless, the left and right was both weak and dealt with so effectively that there were little support to the extremities. Also the fact that many other European countries were suffering under bad leadership helped (for instance, Italy) Hence, people so no other alternative to the government. So all in all, at this stage of the Weimar time, there was a bigger acceptance of Weimar government. However, the government did not pay all too much attention to the Great Inflation - bigger initiatives could have been taken to secure the long-term consequences of the economic issue - Such as ensuring the growth of investment. This showed that the government did not get into the roots of the economic problems, thought dealt with. However, up until 1923, at least, Weimar had proven that it could in fact withstand some opposition (i.e. the extremist parties). But was the avoidance of understanding the seriousness of the economic problems going to haunt Germany in the following years to come? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Treaty Versailles Essay

    The Treaty of Versailles was indeed too harsh. Germany had suffered a great deal from the terms on the Treaty. Germany being entirely blamed for the start of World War I was first and foremost a harsh term. To only oppose the blame on one nation instead of sharing the blame was unfair.

  2. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

    Another reason why the Republic was set up to fail was the harsh opposition from Right and Left wing parties. The Left wing was made up of Communists, and the main party on this side was the KPD. It was this party that felt the most resentment to the main party in the coalition government, the SDP.

  1. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    Stresemann introduced a new currency with a higher value called 'Rentenmark' in place or the earlier Marks. The Rentenmark instead of being backed by gold was based on the mortgage of Germany's industrial and agricultural resources. By restoring the stability of the currency, Stresemann created public confidence which was a

  2. To what extent did nationalism contribute to the creation and expansion of the Indochinese ...

    However, the end of Chinese authority did not mean a unified Vietnamese state as the Vietnamese faced the challenge of "establishing a stable political structure in their own country"6 as a consequence of the geography and the Vietnamese's fierce ethnic and regional independence.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Lenin?s return and the April theses 1. Before April the Bolsheviks and other parties had appeared to support the PG but Lenin?s return changed this. The German High Command smuggled Lenin back into Russia in the hope that he

  2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic

    Various uprisings followed, such as the Spartacist Uprising, the Kapp Putch and later the Beer Hall Putch. Even though the army and the government officials (especially the judges) were right-wing, the Weimar Republic managed to survive and surpress any opposition.

  1. Outline the reasons for the rise of Chinese Nationalism after 1919. Discuss the impact ...

    in China that they instructed it to join forces with the Nationalists (which Mao did!). China was also given large amounts of aid to fight poverty and famine in the countrysides which had been ravaged by war. In August 1945, negotiations between the two parties were organized.

  2. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    As revolution erupted in France, the liberals were quick to implement their plan, removing the monarchist governments and promulgating the election of democratic assemblies in the various states. Yet crucially the liberals had failed to achieve the support of the leading armies of the confederation, namely those of Austria and Prussia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work