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Was Gorbachev a "Wind of change"?

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Introduction

To what extend did Gorbachev bring change in the Soviet Union? It was the first time for many years in the Soviet Union, that a relatively young General Secretary was appointed. It was Michael Gorbachev, who became leader of the USSR in 1985. Gorbachev intended on reforming the Soviet Union. He said once to his wife: ?Things cannot go on as they are?, but did he really bring change in the communistic system or did he just follow the path of his previous leaders? To answer this question it is significant to consider the circumstances in which Gorbachev came to power. The majority of Soviet Party members were appointed by Brezhnev, they rejected any change, because they feared losing power. ...read more.

Middle

However this policy rather achieved the opposite, an increasing black economy for alcohol, which was not taxed. Other economic reforms intended by Gorbachev, for example the leasing of land to peasants from collective farms where not even established, because ?no one really wanted to deal with change? (History a Comprehensive Guide to Paper 1, p.189). Perestroika referred also the political reconstruction of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev knew that he wouldn?t win the majority of the present party officials over, but he needed them to push his reforms through. Therefore he introduced free elections, to bring reformers, which supported his policies in power. Two thirds of the Congress members were from this time on elected by the population. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gorbachev improved relations with the USA and the immediate abolition of Nuclear Forces (INF) was agreed upon. Further he made clear that he would stay out of the domestic policies of the satellite states. All in all, Gorbachev didn?t follow the path of his predecessors. He was a reformer, who intended to modernize the Soviet Union dramatically. If he had succeeded to push through all his reforms, it would have been doubtful whether the Soviet Union would still be based on a communistic system. However most intention of Gorbachev stayed intention, because it was nearly impossible for him to push his reforms through the conservative communistic party. But the reforms that were established by Gorbachev, for example the control of alcohol or glasnost eventually resulted in unpredicted happenings. According to this, Gorbachev brought ?wind of change? into the USSR, even if it was not powerful enough to blow things away. Daniel Puhl ...read more.

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