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Was The Second World War beneficial to the United States of America?

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´╗┐Research Question: Was The Second World War beneficial to the United States of America. The Second World War started in the year 1939, with German invasion into Poland. The Second World War is considered to be one of the deadliest wars in the history of mankind, causing close to 70 million causalities. The war was fought by all the superpower blocks of the world- United States of America, Soviet Union, United Kingdom forming the Allied Powers and their opposition comprised of Germany, Italy and Japan, the Axis Powers. The reason I have chosen to explore this aspect is because, wars in general are symbols of mass destruction, death and despair. But there was another side to the Second World War for United States. Surprisingly it had a lot of benefits as well; something that wasn?t seen in wars before. This caught my attention to a large extent and I wanted to explore the advantages of the Second World War to the United States. During the course of my essay, I will be exploring the advantages as well as disadvantages for the US, and come up with an unbiased conclusion but to go with that, I will be adding, my own point of view. ...read more.


Argument for: In this part of my essay, I will be examining the reasons which made me explore this aspect in the first place. What advantages could a ?war? possibly have had? Prior to the Second World War, United States of America was going through a huge economic meltdown- The Great Depression. For the United States, World War II and the Great Depression constituted the most important economic event of the twentieth century. The war's effects were varied and far-reaching. The war decisively ended the depression itself. The federal government emerged from the war as a potent economic actor, able to regulate economic activity and to partially control the economy through spending and consumption. American industry was revitalized by the war, and many sectors were by 1945 either sharply oriented to defense production (for example, aerospace and electronics) or completely dependent on it (atomic energy). The organized labor movement, strengthened by the war beyond even its depression-era height, became a major counterbalance to both the government and private industry. The war's rapid scientific and technological changes continued and intensified trends begun during the Great Depression and created a permanent expectation of continued innovation on the part of many scientists, engineers, government officials and citizens. ...read more.


1,040 % of Population 8.1% 5.6% 2.7% 1.1% 0.7% 1.1% % of Labor Force 14.6% 9.9% 4.7% 1.9% 1.2% 1.9% Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Employment status of the civilian no institutional population, 1940 to date. Not only had those who were unemployed during the depression found jobs. So, too, did about 10.5 million Americans who either could not then have had jobs (the 3.25 million youths who came of age after Pearl Harbor) or who would not have then sought employment (3.5 million women, for instance). By 1945, the percentage of blacks who held war jobs ? eight percent ? approximated blacks' percentage in the American population ? about ten percent. Almost 19 million American women (including millions of black women) were working outside the home by 1945. Though most continued to hold traditional female occupations such as clerical and service jobs, two million women did labor in war industries (half in aerospace alone) . Employment did not just increase on the industrial front. Civilian employment by the executive branch of the federal government ? which included the war administration agencies ? rose from about 830,000 in 1938 (already a historical peak) to 2.9 million in June 1945. ...read more.

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