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WW2 France

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Introduction

Why did the Nazis invade France so easily in 1940? The Nazi invasion of France must be viewed as one of the most successful Nazi operations during the course of the war. It only took the Nazis from the 10th of May when they began their invasion of France, through Belgium, until the 25th of June when France capitulated. This six week victory was a massive boost for the Nazis. This remarkably easy victory over France was due to many reasons, attributed to both the weaknesses of the Allies and the strength of the Nazis. The Nazis had by far the superior tactics, and the strength of their leaders was better than that of the French. The French troops were not helped by the political insecurity in their home country, or the old fashioned techniques being used to fight the war. One reason that can be attributed to the ease of the Nazi victory is the events in the near past that will have had a great effect on the French troops. The end of World War One was only 15 years prior to the start of World War Two. ...read more.

Middle

From the very beginning of the war, the air of defeatism in France was everywhere. Most men were happy to accept defeat without putting up some kind of resistance to the German advances. This feeling in France was characterised when the French called for an armistice to be signed rather than continue to fight and keep the Germans at bay. Another feeling that was present in French society was an anti-Communist feeling. This played directly into the hands of the Nazis. There were many people in France at the time who were not totally against the idea of being under a right wing government. The anti-Communist feeling combined with the air of defeatism, meant France was really not prepared or up for a war. As a result, this helped the Nazis defeat France in such a short period of time. Perhaps one of the most important reasons for the ease of the Nazi victory was their superiority with respect to tactics, equipment and leadership. Although the French may have had more man power and more tanks, this far from meant they had the military advantage over Nazi Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

It must also be taken into account that the Allied commanders were often planning the defence of towns that, in the meantime, were taken over by the Germans. Perhaps the best thing the French had going for them, the Maginot line was completely bypassed by the Germans. To put the ease of the Nazi victory down to solely one person, event or thing would be doing injustice to many others. The Nazis had many things going in their favour, and capitalised on the advantages they had to roll through France and capture Paris with ease. A lot of credit must be given to the Nazis and the Nazi commanders as it was their tactics that played a big part in the capture of France. However, the French aided their cause as they were extremely weak and unorganised. The withdrawal of the British troops from Belgium also left the French weakened. Although it could be argued the Germans could have easily invaded France, the political and military insecurities and weaknesses of the French made it even easier for the Nazis. This combination of items allowed for the Nazis to cruise through France with ease and occupy it in less than six weeks. ...read more.

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