• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Individual oral Presentation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IOP In this presentation I will be looking at how paranoia and loss of rationality, which led to the suffering and displacement of the common people, is portrayed in the short stories by Saadat Manto. I will be focusing on The Dog of Titwal although these themes are also brought out in Colder Than Ice and Toba Tek Singh. In Colder Than Ice Manto shows paranoia through Ishwar Singh's violent and sadistic behaviour towards Kulwant Kaur, and in Toba Tek Singh this same state of mind is brought out by the behaviour of the inmates of the lunatic asylum who ironically show greater rational judgement than the supposedly sane politicians who decided to divide the area. In The Dog of Titwal however Manto uses a combination of irony, imagery and symbolism to depict this state of mind. The use of imagery during the opening lines of the story serve to contrast between what life was like in the Indian Sub-continent before partition and how it all drastically changed as a result of partition. The surroundings described by Manto start off "pleasant" " with a scent of flowers and nature" a place with a languorous and peaceful atmosphere. ...read more.

Middle

Both sides try to distinguish themselves from one another "those Sikhs" and "All Pakistanis including dogs should be shot" but essentially they are the same, which can be seen in their interactions with the dog. The Indian camp first names the dog "Jhun Jhun" and the Pakistani camp calls the dog "Shun Shun" showing that it was not religion that made people different but rather their roots. These people were all Punjabis and so they had similar upbringings, which is what makes this situation even more irrational. The Pakistani commander asks Bashir to write in "Gurmukhi, the language of those Sikhs" which just shows that even though it is the language of the Sikhs he knows it because he is from the same place and has grown up with the language. Manto Another point where their Punjabiness is shown is when Bashir a very Muslim name is changed to Bashirey, which sounds much less religious and more Punjabi. This notion of a more cultural or place specific identity can be seen in Toba Tek Singh where the Bishan Singh relates himself not to India and Pakistan but rather to Toba Tek Singh. Manto uses the songs in The Dog of Titwal to great effect. ...read more.

Conclusion

The dog like the common people is trapped in the crossfire and as a result bears the consequences of the authoritarian actions. The dog is even referred to as a "refugee" to show how people were promised homes on the other side but were left stranded. Manto mocks the people for their foolishness and gullibility for complying with this illogical idea and contributing to the terror that partition resulted in. The title of the story has significance especially when one thinks of its connotation in Hindi where the dog is a derogatory term and is used here to show the hierarchy between the common people and authoritarian power. This can again be related to Toba Tek Singh as the dog is from, not India or Pakistan, but from Titwal. Manto uses humour and sheer stupidity to show how ridiculous partition was. The pain and suffering of the common man is really evident is this story as it describes the fratricidal violence and the displacement they endured. Through this story he conveys his rationalistic idea that people are humans before they are Muslims or Hindus and how this was totally disregarded during partition. One could relate this situation, where people are being patronised, to what is happening in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Domestic violence in Sardines and Oranges

    reflection of the attitudes of their society - the father believes it is acceptable to treat his family like such of an animal and to execute such brutal actions and emotions towards his family - he shows no reluctance or uneasiness whatsoever at doing so Similarly, in The Tortoise the

  2. Compare and Contrast Characters and Presentation of Fiela Komoetie and Barta Van Rooyen

    This shows that she does not take care of her children, later in the novel, when Lukas is back at the forest, Barta allows Elias to beat both Nina and Lukas with an ox rein and force them to work.

  1. Ode on Melancholy

    The diction choice made by Keats for 'Emprison' (L.19.) illustrates the gravity and eternal feeling of melancholy. However, the gentle imagery of a 'soft hand' (L.19.) accents the beauty of even sorrow and 'letting her rave' (L.19.) highlights the freedom that the speaker would give him melancholy to run wild and just be.

  2. Ode on Melancholy

    The term "peerless eyes" in the last line is a pun since it could mean that no one can match those eyes, or it could also mean that the eyes are unable to perceive. The third stanza continues the personification of melancholy.

  1. WIld Bees

    However, the poet seems to speak against violence. The situation is compared to the battles in Carthage and Troy, ancient cities which were burnt down by the Romans and Greeks respectively, which resulted in their victory. However, thousands were killed and the two cities were destroyed.

  2. French Oral Presentation

    This is played like baseball, except when the player hits the ball, the other dorm fly on broomsticks to get the balls. How do you like that! H: Wow, that is amazing! What are other advantages to extracurricular activities besides having fun?

  1. Oral Presentation about Pokmon (Media and Advertising)

    This would make a child think that he too is able to do just that. The psychology is that someone similar to the child, somebody at the same age, who was born into an ordinary family leading an ordinary life, has the power to do something extraordinary one day.

  2. Deskriptory Oral

    je iba miestami zrozumiteln� Prejav je miestami zrozumiteln� �tudent rob� miestami chyby v gramatike a �tylistike Slovn� z�soba je miestami vhodne

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work