• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Etiology of Eating Disorders

Extracts from this document...


TV As Tiggemann & Pickering (1996, p. 202) noted upon discovering body dissatisfaction among girls and drive for thinness -> associated with exposure of TV “although it is tempting to conclude that watching a large dose of thin idealized images on television leads to dissatisfaction with one’s body, a correlation cannot determine causality or is it that ED -> TV ________________ PEERS Peer inï¬uence - a contributor to EDs (e.g., Levine et al. 1994, Shisslak et al. 1998, Stice 1998, Wertheim et al. 1997. Adolescent girls learn certain attitudes (i.e., the importance of slimness) and behaviors (i.e., dieting, purging) from their peers (Levine et al. 1994), both by example and encouragement and by way of teasing for failure to adhere to peer norms. ...read more.


Of course, this reinforcement does not cause the disorder so much as help to perpetuate it. Certainly, people with AN do not require approval in order to starve themselves. In fact, those with AN as often as not use their families’ increasing concerns about their inordinate slimness as a manipulative tool (Branch & Eurman 1980, Minuchin et al. 1978). Adolescents who perceive family communication, parental caring, and parental expectations as low and those who report sexual or physical abuse are at increased risk for developing EDs (Haudek et al. 1999, Neumark-Sztainer et al. 2000). BN patients also report greater parental intrusiveness, speciï¬cally maternal invasion of privacy, jealousy, and competition, as well as paternal seductiveness (Rorty et al. ...read more.


1999), although even modeling does appear to affect elementary schoolchildren’s weight and shape-related attitudes and behaviors (Smolak et al. 1999). Mothers’ critical comments prospectively predicted ED outcome for their daughters (Vanfurth et al. 1996). If we were to conclude that negative family inï¬uences were in fact responsible for the development of EDs, we would still need to ask exactly how a dysfunctional family induces EDs. Below, we consider the possibility that problems of identity and/or control are central to EDs, with the individual attempting to resolve these problems by investing emotionally and behaviorally in the pursuit of slimness. Steiger et al. (1996) conclude that families (including so-called normal families as well) may transmit eating concerns, but such transmission may not be sufï¬cient for the emergence of an ED, which requires “some additional vulnerability factor”. ________________ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. This essay will be investigating the eating disorder Bulimia nervosa.

    Nasser compared Egyptian women studying in Cairo and in London. He found that none of the women in Cairo developed an eating disorder, while of the women studying in London, 12% developed one. This study demonstrates that again cultural influence isn't the primary factor as otherwise all women studying in

  2. Media's Impact on Teens' Eating Disorders

    Despite how destructive such rituals as throwing up, starving themselves and abusing laxatives may be to their health, most teenagers will continue to maintain thinness. Teens that are growing up with "the suffering inwardly from a sense of fragmentation, confusion and self-doubt" can now "experience a crisis of self-confidence (Gordon, 629)"

  1. Factors relating to Substance Abuse and Addicitve Behviours

    He found that the most important predictors for potential smoking are perceived behavioural control, attitudes of the individual, and subjective norms. The most important predictors for actual smoking were: perceived behavioural control and habit. This supports the theory behind the Planned Behaviour Model of prevention.

  2. Discuss the relationship between etiology and therapeutic approach in relation to one disorder.

    who used Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on his clients. According to the study of McKisack et al (1997), eating disorder can be also treated socioculturally, by using group therapy. Minuchin supported the group therapy by creating family system model. First of all, when it is thought that Bulimia is based on biological etiologies, biomedical therapies are commonly used.

  1. Balancing Work and Family

    Managing work and a household, finding time for family activities and friendships, and having time just for us is no easy task with multiple responsibilities and roles. When we account for all we need to do in a day, many adults have one to two hours, at most, for "leisure" time.

  2. Analyze the biological etiology of Major Depressive Disorder:

    Supporting this, Delgado and Moreno (2000) and Rampello et al. (2000) found abnormal levels of noradrenaline and serotonin in patients suffering from major depression. It is clear, however, that explaining depression simply in terms of low levels of monoamines would be reductionist.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work