• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Flashbulb memory

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Flashbulb Memory Brown and Kulik proposed a theory of the formation and maintenance of FBMs. According to their theory, FBMs form in situations where we encounter surprising and highly emotional information. They are maintained by means of overt rehearsal (involving discussion with others) and covert rehearsal (private rehearsing or ruminating). They differ from other memories in that they are more vivid, last longer, and are more consistent and accurate. In order for them to be created, they require the involvement of a specialised neural mechanism which stores information permanently in a unique memory system. ...read more.


They were also asked to indicate how often they had rehearsed the information. These events were expected to cause FBMs. The assassination of J.F.K in 1963 led to the highest number of FBMs with 90% of the participants recalling its reception context in vivid detail. African Americans reported more FBMs for leaders of civil rights movements (e.g. assassination of MLK) than Caucasian Americans. Most participants recalled a personal FBM which tended to be related to learning about the death of a parent Findings from this study are clearly consistent with Brown and Kulik?s theory. ...read more.


Williams et al. (2008) conclude their discussion of FBM by noting that Brown and Kulik identified two important determinants of FBMs: event importance and event emotionality. The third factor, surprise, is not so well supported by relevant research. Some of the properties Brown and Kulik ascribe to FBMs, like permanence and consistency, are disputed, whereas others, like confidence and vividness, are better supported by relevant research. The claim that has fared least well is their assumption that flashbulb memory is a special memory system based on a dedicated neural mechanism. Few nowadays would accept this aspect of Brown and Kulik?s theory. What is certain, though, is that their pioneering work has generated a lot of research about the relation between emotion and cognition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    Therefore naturally, songs such as the Pink panther theme song and back in black by ACDC are better known to participants than songs such as Heart of Courage and Spring. Therefore, this may explain the fact that rock and jazz background music produced the least amount of recalled words.

  2. SL Psychology IA - Iconic Memory

    The standard deviation is represented by the error bars. The small standard deviation in the WR data suggests the results are accurate therefore supporting Sperling's theory that the capacity for the iconic memory is 4-5 items (M = 4.1). These results are consistent with Sperling's (1960)

  1. The effect and role of organization on memory and recall

    He asked subjects to organize a set of cards, each with a word on it, into seven columns. He instructed half the group to learn those words and didn't say anything to the other. Later when they were asked to recall, he found that people in both groups were able

  2. On what circumstances it is okay to kill?

    will have difficulties on forgetting the incident since it sticks to their head. Some people even developed PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder), ranging from a mediocre level to the extreme. The picture below shows the statics that I have found from http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k7/veteransDual/ veteransDual.htm about the Serious Psychological Distress (SPD), Substance Use

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work