• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Flashbulb memory

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Flashbulb Memory Brown and Kulik proposed a theory of the formation and maintenance of FBMs. According to their theory, FBMs form in situations where we encounter surprising and highly emotional information. They are maintained by means of overt rehearsal (involving discussion with others) and covert rehearsal (private rehearsing or ruminating). They differ from other memories in that they are more vivid, last longer, and are more consistent and accurate. In order for them to be created, they require the involvement of a specialised neural mechanism which stores information permanently in a unique memory system. ...read more.


They were also asked to indicate how often they had rehearsed the information. These events were expected to cause FBMs. The assassination of J.F.K in 1963 led to the highest number of FBMs with 90% of the participants recalling its reception context in vivid detail. African Americans reported more FBMs for leaders of civil rights movements (e.g. assassination of MLK) than Caucasian Americans. Most participants recalled a personal FBM which tended to be related to learning about the death of a parent Findings from this study are clearly consistent with Brown and Kulik?s theory. ...read more.


Williams et al. (2008) conclude their discussion of FBM by noting that Brown and Kulik identified two important determinants of FBMs: event importance and event emotionality. The third factor, surprise, is not so well supported by relevant research. Some of the properties Brown and Kulik ascribe to FBMs, like permanence and consistency, are disputed, whereas others, like confidence and vividness, are better supported by relevant research. The claim that has fared least well is their assumption that flashbulb memory is a special memory system based on a dedicated neural mechanism. Few nowadays would accept this aspect of Brown and Kulik?s theory. What is certain, though, is that their pioneering work has generated a lot of research about the relation between emotion and cognition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    In conclusion, the familiarity of the song significantly affects the number of words recalled. The more familiar a participant is to the song, the less words are recalled. 3.2 Evaluating Procedures 3.2.1 Reliability and Errors This experiment was performed on a group of students from the Queensland academies for health sciences.

  2. The effect and role of organization on memory and recall

    Analysis: The Mann-Whitney U statistical test was used to determine the significance of the effect as it was the most appropriate for tests between unrelated, independent samples with data at an ordinal level of measurement. The data is converted to ranks in order to calculate U.

  1. On what circumstances it is okay to kill?

    They caused physiological disorders to almost everyone involved. Not including the ones that also got physically disabled because of it. People have different perspective at how to handle things but I believe their memory about wars will never disappear naturally.

  2. SL Psychology IA - Iconic Memory

    or without (Whole Report) a guiding auditory cue. The Whole Report (WR) required participants to recall characters from a presentation with no delay from the display offset. The participants were not restricted as to which characters they recalled. The Partial Report (PR)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work