There are two types of long term memory: Explicit (declarative) Memory and Implicit (non-declarative) Memory.

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5/3/2012        Amman Baccalaureate School         Rakan Beiruty

Grade 11 Psychology

Evaluate a model or a theory of one cognitive process (e.g. Memory, perception, language, decision making), with reference to research studies.


There are two types of long term memory: Explicit (declarative) Memory and Implicit (non-declarative) Memory.
First we will explore explicit memory and the breakdown of it. Explicit memory consists of Episodic (biographical events) and semantic (which includes words, ideas, and concepts.)

· Episodic- memories that you experience at a specific time and place
· Semantic- the system in which you use to store your knowledge of the world

Implicit (non-declarative) memory is expressed by means other than words. This is broken down into four categories which include procedural (skills), emotional conditioning, priming effect and conditioned reflex.

· Procedural memory- enables people to acquire motor skills and gradually improve them
· Emotional conditioning- related to our emotions
· Priming effect- we do this on a regular basis in which we relate things to something we already know from a previous experience.

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Conditioned reflex- a classic example of this is the study conducted by Pavlov when he showed a dog a piece of meat and the dog started to salivate, the next time when he showed the dog meat he included the sound of an alarm in which it caused the dog to salivate so then when the dog heard the alarm he began to salivate because he thought there would be meat.

Delaying of interference improves long term memory consolidation. Dewar, Garcia, Cowan, and Sala experiment which included 12 amnesia patients, suggested that this is also true for a least some patients ...

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