• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology essay-Discuss ways in which ethical considerations affect research in the Cognitive perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Discuss ways in which ethical considerations affect research in the Cognitive perspective. (20 marks) The cognitive perspective started in the late 20th century and became a dominant paradigm in psychology. The cognitive perspective suggests that humans are information processors and are similar to computers. This perspective also proposed the study of the internal mental processes that lie between the stimuli we receive and the responses we make. These internal mental processes are investigated scientifically through experimentation, case studies and research. It is possible that ethical considerations affect the research in the cognitive perspective, for example by limiting the amount and the extent of experimentation done on humans and living animals. Since ethical guidelines are always considered while conducting research, it may limit the amount of research being obtained. The cognitive approach is mainly to do with internal processes and with the mind and it is necessary in the name of science to experiment with living animals and ...read more.

Middle

Research done on animals also have to be ethically considered as there are various reasons why animals shouldn't be experimented on including the fact that humans are mentally, qualitatively different from animals and obtaining research through animals can lead to faulty over-generalization. So if psychologists are going through with experimenting on animals, it is important that they follow the ethical guidelines set to cause the minimum amount of pain and discomfort to the animal studies. The fact that ethics have to always be in mind can limit the experiments that are necessary to advance in the cognitive approach. When considering research in the cognitive perspective that involves humans, the ethical guidelines have to be strongly imposed and participants have to be consented before the experiment. Deception plays a big role in these ethical considerations as leads participants to believe something other than the truth-this can also be a limitation when experimenting. ...read more.

Conclusion

Who should do the controlling and also what behaviour and how it should be controlled. These ethical considerations can be applied in all aspects of psychology including the cognitive perspective. In conclusion, there are many ethical issues that need to be considered that can affect the cognitive perspective as it limits the amount of research because of qualitative differences between humans and animals and invalid findings. There are many examples given of experiments which were considered unethical although they were still carried out. Today participants' and animal's rights have gotten stronger which can limit the amount of research done on both humans and animals. There are some arguments why animals shouldn't be tested on anyway whether they suffer or not but equally there are some valid arguments for testing on animals for example they can breed faster than humans and the results can be seen quicker. In this case, the cognitive will suffer as there are many restrictions for conducting experiments and they will either have to be altered or not done at all. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Internal Assessment

    which although didn't allow for ambiguity, may have forced the participant to make an opinionated choice when he or she did not really have one. There were some strengths in the way we conducted the experiment. By making the participants to rate the sample photographs alone, we eliminated the chances

  2. Ethics In Psychology

    The debate over the ethical validity of Animal Experimentation effectively boils down to a simple question over the value of human accomplishment compared to that of an animal's life. Supporters of Vivisection argue that nearly all of the major medical breakthroughs in the 20th century relied on Animal Experimentation to some extent.

  1. I am going to talk about cognitive processes of memory and how biological factors ...

    AD affects semantic memory as well. Semantic memory stores general knowledge about the world, concepts and language. Procedural memory is less affected. In fact, most of it is spared for most of the course of the disease. Thus, AD patients retain their knowledge of motor and cognitive skills such as playing the piano, riding bicycle or holding a conversation.

  2. EE PSYCHOLOGY

    That behavior is then more likely to be repeated when the similar situation is encountered. (Martin and Pear, 1983:200)The consequence involved is also known as positive reinforcement. This could also be in the case of animal training interpreted as a reward.

  1. How Psychology Could Help Reverse the Trend in Obesity

    but there are a number of snowball mechanisms that lead to weight gain mostly centred about body image: mainly negative experiences with physical activity and sport dictating an indoor life and may even be discriminated by their doctor and other health-care staff who may themselves feel disgusted by fat patients (Maddox et al., 1968).

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Importance of Diagnosis 2. Important to give a correct diagnosis, as it leads to the patient's recovery 3. Psychiatrists & psychologists follow a diagnostic manual 4. No clear definition of normality or abnormality 1. Therefore symptoms of them both may be different between individuals, social, cultural groups 1.

  1. Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in diagnosis of abnormal psychology.

    This is due by the fact that when a diagnosis is made, often people feel as if they are someone else. Other people too are often regarding these as people who can be addressed to that specific group only. This causes in men and women less desire to be helped for the fear of being left alone.

  2. This essay will evaluate flashbulb memory on how emotion can affect cognitive process.

    Furthermore, the research to support or to refute flashbulb memory show that memory can be unreliable because emotion affects recall and retrieval of the event. One of the weaknesses of this claim however is the fact that the studies aimed to challenge flashbulb memory failed to distinctively show the immediacy between the individual and event.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work