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Can we have beliefs or knowledge which are independent of our culture?

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Introduction

Moya, Sharon D 001110-067 Theory of Knowledge Essay Name: Sharon Ahsley Moya Zúñiga Candidate Number: 001110-067 School: Colegio Experimental Politécnico Examination Session: November 2012 1,317 words Can we have beliefs or knowledge which are independent of our culture? Actually, most of the people think that all of us are human beings have a specific point of view. This point of view can commonly coincide with others, like habits and preferences. As a consequence it begins to create a group, which settles a culture that shares the same beliefs, which is knowledge without evidence. But in the moment when this belief acquires any prove, it is called knowledge. Therefore, this knowledge can be interpreted or purchased by different points of view that are different from one culture to another. So, to answer the question above mentioned is necessary to identify the risk and benefits of acquiring knowledge and beliefs that are independent of our culture. Culture is the amount of behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values and learned ideals, which the characteristics are the same to determine a particular society or population (Van de Lagemaat, 2008). The reason it appears, was because it was designed with the purpose of not letting humans to destroy them. According to Sigmund Freud, theory of psychoanalysis argues that all of individuals born with the nature of feel attracted to kill or to feel pleasure (Ember, 1997). ...read more.

Middle

12). With this example, we may also understand that, apart that there is not a well justification given by the individuals that live in near the coast in Ecuador, just because the fact that the shell Spondylus appears before a rain, is enough to relate with their belief[2]. The main thing that seems to distinguish an acceptable from an unacceptable justification is reliability. Whether or not you are justified in saying you know something depends on context. The exceed of believing in everything without justification, is called gullibility; therefore, it is necessary for people to believe in something with its respective justification. Furthermore, the reason why commonly people start to believe in something without proving is because of not well acquired knowledge, which usually is given through schools, which is second hand knowledge. The problem that can face the second hand knowledge given in schools is that most of the information given by the teacher is indoctrinated, and the reason for it is related by culture (Lagemaat, 2008). If a student starts to ask about sex, if it is good or bad, then the teacher says that it is a topic just only for adults. Besides the reason of ethics, in the west, commonly people start to accept having sex when they become adults. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also it depends on their knowledge that they have. If it is compared a person which doesn?t have a well based education, therefore we may say that he or she will be less willing to accept beliefs or knowledge that is independent from their culture. But instead of a person which doesn?t have a good education, is more willing to belief in something without a big number of evidence, or simply they are under the rules of their culture tradition. Beliefs may face cases in which they are related with the truth, but faith can be more powerful to control people?s mind, as in the case of religion. As a possible answer to the question established in the topic, it could be that is difficult that a culture can provide knowledge, because it have limits for second-hand knowledge. Nevertheless, more of them only give us beliefs, reason why the definition mentioned above that is the amount of people with common beliefs, but none of the cultures can provide us certainty at all. Therefore, because of these, we can acquire a lot of beliefs, with the disadvantage of non-corroborated information, rather than knowledge, that it can do. In other words, rather than say that belief and knowledge are two completely different things, it may make more sense to think of there being a belief-knowledge continuum, which says belief is differenced with knowledge, when it is probable, and the other is certain. ...read more.

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