• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can the human sciences achieve success by imitating the methods of the natural sciences?``

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TOK Assignment Alba Ramaj IB09 06/06/08 Title:``To what extent can the human sciences achieve success by imitating the methods of the natural sciences?`` At the start of this course we summarized definition of knowledge.Knowledge, according to Plato,it is represented by 3 words: believed,true and justified.I say I know something when believe in it,if it is true and I can prove it is true by giving some evidence to it.Human and Natural sciences are a very important source of knowledge in our society. According to my opinion what the question is trying to do is : -give a us a clear view about human and natural sciences role in gaining knowledge -are human and natural similar ( methods) or different (methods) -Is the knowledge gained from Human Science different from knowledge gained from Natural Sciences; and can it be reliable?? Natural Sciences denote subjects like physics,chemistry and biology. Natural Sciences have had a great success in providing new knowledge and as a result some people consider it as the only road to knowledge,and if you don't prove something scientifically then you can`t say you know it. Science is considered a stamp of approval or guarantee of quality.But we can argue that if scientific beliefs change over time,so how the certainty can be gained? Science doesn`t have a full control of the truth and for the rest of society there exist other ways which can make sense.In Natural Sciences,science ...read more.

Middle

is punctuated by revolutions.A scientific revolution happens when scientist replace a paradigm with a new one which changes the way of looking at things.This may be considered a good thing as generates the knowledge,improves it. Science is communal and self-correcting.Because sooner or later the errors of one individual will be corrected by another individual in the future. In science we can`t say about an hypothesis if it is true or not,if a scientific theory which is consistent and works in practice we should accept it as true and try to replace t in the future with a better one,so we can go closer to the truth.Science is seen as humanity`s success stories.Bertrand Russell said`Science tells us what we can know,but what we can know is little,and if we forget how much we cannot know we become insensitive to many things of great importance.` And it is impressive how people know how little are their achievements compared to their ignorance but still they don`t lose their hopes but continue.Albert Einstein observed that `All science,measured against reality,is primitive and childlike.But is the most precious thing we have.` Human Sciences includes psychology, economics, anthropology and sociology. Its purpose is to reduce the mystery by studying human behaviour in a systematic way. Personally, I study economics and economics is a brach of social science, which tried to observe people's behaviour when there is a change in prices for example:( if prises of a common product rise it is expected that the demand of buying this product will fall.) ...read more.

Conclusion

They change a lot but they have similarities as weel.In natural science in more likely to get to an exact conclusion while for human sciences the only conclusion you can say referring even to Ernest Rutherford is `Some do, some don`t`.It is argued that subject such as sociology, economics and anthropology even why they are a very important source about human condition, they still lack the well-established paradigms that are characteristic for natural sciences. For example: Reductionism: the ability to understand economics in terms of psychology,and physcology in temr of neuroscience etc.Human Sciences usually tend to describe things in terms of their meanings and purposes rather than ther mechanical causes and effects (natural sciences) As Human sciences are more based in meanings are more easily to get misuunderstoods of the behaviour of people as you can`t get into their head; and also they have less universal rules. Huma Sciences tend to be more biased which makes them less scientific compared to natural sciences.Human sciencies aren`t as imperfect or perfect as people say.As they deal with complex situation it is expected that they don`t have the explanaoty power of natural sciences.PERSONALLY,I think that even why Human sciences are less scientific compared to natural ones,natural sciences can never analyse human behaviour in that deep and difficult way Human Science does.But I most accept that both of the sciences are very important in giving us knowledge and generate our brain. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makes ...

    police that is on TV say when questioning even the family members, "We just want to rule out the innocent people." This act needs no doubt; it requires methodically going over all the details for their validity. This more accurately is described as Karl Popper's theory of 'falsifiability'.

  2. What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that make ...

    electrons will emit energy and spiral into the nucleus of the atom, making the atom collapse" (pbs.org). Bohr, including many other scientists have since revised and "modified Rutherford's model by proposing that electrons had set energy levels" (undsci.berkeley.edu). In this process, undesirable outcomes can be built upon and biases and unfounded claims of individual researches can also be eliminated.

  1. TOK Essay on Natural Sciences

    they are in abundance in the early stages of the human embryos. With this, few ethical issues are raised since many believe in the case of embryonic stem cell research, many donated embryos are consumed and it is then destroyed.

  2. Capital Punishment and why it should be abolished, with particular regard to the Human ...

    The government claims that capital punishment has never taken an innocent live, but the truth is that, capital punishment has claimed a handful of innocent lives. In the 20th century alone, 23 innocent people were executed in the US, the majority of which were proven innocent after overwhelming proof was found of their innocence.

  1. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and ...

    The Lewis Theory states that the acidity from the point of view of the electron pairs necessary to bond the hydrogen ions, and extends the concept of acidity to include any species that is able to accept an electron pair.

  2. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in natural and ...

    This is because they have run hundreds of lab tests and practical applications before publicly announcing the theory. In such cases, for every individual to purchase all the expensive lab materials and to test out things that have already been tested would be a sheer waste of time and money.

  1. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and ...

    They believe that governments should allow the market to run freely, through the private sector. This view holds that there should be absolutely no intervention by the government, as this is held to be interference with the ability of a free economy to normalize itself.

  2. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and ...

    Another, less direct, example of how disagreement can lead to advances in science is technology developed for war purposes. War is disagreement on an international scale, but often technological advances made in an effort to win the conflict have peaceful applications after the war has ended.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work