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English Commentary - This excerpt taken from Part I of Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness depicts Marlows encounter as he witnesses a group of black prisoners walking along in chains under the guard of another black man,

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Passage 4 - Page 12 - 13 Intro (Context / Thesis): * This excerpt taken from Part I of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness depicts Marlow's encounter as he witnesses a group of black prisoners walking along in chains under the guard of another black man, who wears a shoddy uniform and carries a rifle. * Thesis: Through the implementation of explicit imagery, symbolic references and representations along with selective diction, Conrad portrays a struggling foreboding atmosphere of imprisonment while emphasising order. Imagery * Images used throughout this section depict a struggling, war-like, foreboding atmosphere * "The thing looked dead as the carcass of some animal" - explicit image of a dead animal, not moving with back against the ground, choice of diction used fits the mood of the passage and the reader gets ...read more.


with visual imagery - "I could see every rib, the joints of their limbs were like knots in a rope" * "iron collar", "connected together by a swing", they were walking orderly, they were criminals and as such were chained to maintain order and civility * "Bursting shells" - auditory imagery, loud aggressive, violent, representing struggle. Symbolism * The chain, the iron collar symbolic of their powerlessness and state of imprisonment * The rifle symbolic for authority as one black man holds it as the criminals walk in an orderly line * The rusted, old, used, decaying machinery symbolises a war-like scenery; a war that these criminals have appeared to have lost * Most of the symbolic references Conrad makes throughout this passage amplify the imprisonment, struggle, and chaos that reaps havoc but he also ...read more.


outraged law, like the bursting shells, had come to them, an insoluble mystery from the sea" - loud aggressive tone is radiated through the diction used in the passage once again showing the struggle, foreboding atmosphere that has been created through the use of such abrupt diction * "All their meagre breasts panted together, violently dilated nostrils quivered" - helplessness, struggling, weak, the diction used shows the weakness of chaos in comparison with the strong, war-like authorized mean of order and civility Conclusion: * Conrad radiates a struggling, intense, atmosphere with carefully specified selective diction, descriptive imagery and symbolism which engages the readers in the actual course of events taking place in the novel thereby evoking both and objective and subjective (from the chaos and order perspectives) response from the reader. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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