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In the book City of Ghosts, author Bali Rai skilfully explores the cultural psyche of India and the Punjabi people, the structure of Indian society, and how it functions

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Introduction

Apurva Gautam 9F ??Eventually he?d found himself in England, in the heart of the beast that had taken hold of his motherland. Now here he was, a revolver tucked into his waistband, ready to satisfy the ghosts of Amritsar; to help those restless spirits find their peace.?? The author of City of Ghosts uses his fictional narrative to provide readers with a greater insight into the cultural psyche of India and the Punjabi people. Year 10 English- Text Response Essay: City of Ghosts ________________ The culture and thoughts of the Indian and Punjabi people are both very diverse and intriguing. In the book City of Ghosts, author Bali Rai skilfully explores the cultural psyche of India and the Punjabi people, the structure of Indian society, and how it functions. He shows this through his incorporation of Punjabi and Indian language, social and cultural differences that arise in the relationships within the text, and different visual themes and symbols. ...read more.

Middle

Now here he was, a revolver tucked into his waistband, ready to satisfy the ghosts of Amritsar; to help those restless spirits find their peace.??[1] This highlights the Indian perspective and attitude towards the Amritsar massacre. Bali Rai uses a restricted Indian perspective, thus providing more information to the reader about the Indian cultural psyche. The author shows everyday life in India, through the perspective of the residents of Amritsar, especially the main characters such as Sohni, Gurdial, Jeevan and Gulbaru. Moreover, the ?goreh?, and the soldiers working for the British are portrayed in a negative light while they are in India, which reflects how Indians of that time disliked the British presence. During an incident when an Indian man was caught by a British Ghurkha soldier for holding a pistol, the author only described the feelings of the Indian man.[2] This demonstrates that the author was keeping a strictly Indian perspective, because he did not describe the thoughts or feelings of the soldier. ...read more.

Conclusion

Do you think I am mad??[4] This conveys that there is a high social gap between the rich and the poor in India, and that the rich do not mingle with the poor. This helps the reader to understand the structure of Indian society, and broadly informs the reader about the Indian cultural psyche. Author Bali Rai through his skilful exploration of ideas, provides to the reader, a book that defines in many ways, the cultural psyche of the India and the Punjabi people. This is demonstrated through the use of themes and symbols, Indian language, Indian perspective and relationships. Bali Rai does not only provide the reader with information about the Indian cultural psyche, he uses his fictional narrative to make the reader feel like they are in Amritsar. ________________ [1] City of Ghosts, Page 2, paragraph 3 [2] City of Ghosts, Page 77, paragraph 2-7 [3] City of Ghosts, Page 41, last paragraph [4] City of Ghosts, Page 58, last paragraph ...read more.

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