• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Romanticism essay. Romanticism was a movement in the fine arts and literature that became popular in the late 1700s and continued through most of the 1800s. It was a revolt against the classicism belief system that was previously known.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In order to cope with the political and industrial movements of the 18th century, artists, poets, musicians and philosophers developed a new way of thinking called Romanticism. It enabled them to create an imaginative journey in which there was a much larger scope of expression and self-discovery. Prior to Romanticism, ideals were largely based upon intellect and reason with emphasis on personal restraint, decorum and discipline. Within society, there was a set code of behaviour and morals of which people were expected to conform to. Humans were viewed as social beings with respect shown to those in hierarchical authority. There was the expectation of language to attain technical precision, with emphasis on form rather than content. Urbanized areas were valued more highly than country life, where nature was measured, controlled and cultivated. Art was intended to instruct, rather than delight the audience. With the arrival of Romanticism, however, society saw great change. Ideals began to be ruled by emotions, spontaneity, imagination and inspiration. There came an emphasis on individuality, free expression, originality and innovation. Isolation and solitude were preferred over social interaction, with humans being viewed as the products of nature. There was the desire to rebel against politics and to eliminate limits and restraints. Literature was less bound by rigid codes, with the use of passionate and evocative language. The imagination was considered a pathway to spiritual truth and enlightenment. Pantheism saw nature as a powerful, untamed force to be worshipped and its rugged beauty was seen as sublime; a source of inspiration and exhilaration. ...read more.

Middle

Another convention that is also introduced towards the beginning of the poem is that of individualism. The character says how is he in 'solitude/suits abstruser musings' demonstrating how his isolation enables him space to reflect on an imaginative journey that he later experiences. Solitude allows the character to escape a world in which his imaginative process is hindered. . Romantics believed solitude was the way to write and reflect. The world looks normal at the beginning of the poem as Coleridge describes his natural surroundings, 'owlet's cry', 'inmates/all at rest', 'blue flame/low-burnt fire'. However, shortly after this we see things begin to transform and are made beautiful by the frost, 'beneath the crags of ancient mountain'. This illustrates the powerful influence that nature has on the character, and is also amazing because frost is invisible, yet seemingly has such eminent effect. Frost seemingly appears out of nowhere which links to how imagination comes to humans out of 'nowhere' and transforms them. This powerful influence is further emphasised when the persona describes nature as a 'companionable form'. This shows how the character feels comforted by nature as it allows him to expand his way of viewing the world. Imagination allows him to become aware of the volume of the outside world. The simile used in the line 'inaudible as dreams!' elucidates that our own imaginative journey has the ability to heighten our senses from daily distractions. The use of exclamation mark also suggests heightened emotions, which is another convention of Romanticism. ...read more.

Conclusion

They appear to be dark and harmful, with darker hues and rough brush strokes used. Through this, a contrast between city life and the wonders of solitude in remoteness are depicted. The idea of something seemingly 'magical' occurring away from civilization portrays how being in solitude with nature brings about an imaginative journey of beauty and spontaneity that is directly related to the Romantic conventions of both the direction away from city life and individualism. There is some element in the painting that really emanates a sense of wonder and mystery, a goodness that has left the religious man in death and heartened the body of an angel over a desolate world. Again we are introduced to a world of exotic nature through the use of mysterious themes. The concept of Romanticism is applied to each of the texts Kubla Khan, Frost at Midnight, On the Sea and Untitled. They are each successful examples of Romanticism, which is clearly distinguishable in their proficiency to meet the conventions and ideas expressed by the Romantic outlook. Each text deals with pantheism, the nature of man, individualism, the supernatural or exotic and the power of imagination. These are perhaps the more prominent and common aspects of Romanticism. However, the conventions of a ballad, an idyllic world, heightened emotions, and a rebellion against authority are also dispersed throughout the poems. Each text deals with looking for new ways for human beings to live their lives. In particular, strengthening humanities place in the universe though our relationship with God and Nature. Romanticism was a quest for new experiences through an imaginative journey. Overall, each of the texts innately deals with the main concept of Romanticism, that with imagination, anything is possible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Analysis of When I Have Fears by John Keats

    Therefore, the dialect at the first quatrain differs from that of the entire poet. Another phonological feature is the alliteration of the words "glean'd," garners," and "grain". The repetition of '-g' consonant in the first quatrain has an effect on subconscious of the reader, the message is stronger and more solid due to the powerful connotations of that sound.

  2. Extended Essay - A Dream Deferred Both Jay Gatsby from The Great Gatsby and ...

    In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald the same tragedy happens to one man named Jay Gatsby, and he has a true American Dream and it is shattered at the end of the story. A main character named Nick Carraway, who happens to be Gatsby's neighbor, narrates the story.

  1. Women in Literature

    Solely sexual feelings towards characters can suggest materialism in the relationship, and furthermore emphasis on simply physical details also suggests materialism, and sequentially linking to the theme of the importance of the physical world. Mersault narrates: "Marie came over as we'd planned.

  2. Analysis of The Train from Rhodesia by Nadine Gordimer

    Even though at first the woman refuses to buy the lion the man was selling, she did not insist or try to bargain with him. In fact, when she says ?No, never mind?leave it?(43), she is realizing that the old man takes pride in his lion; therefore, deserves a customer who would appreciate it for its set value.

  1. Classicism and romanticism in Tom Stoppard's Arcadia

    No guts.?, and cumulates sex affairs, his gut feelings are strongly mistrusted by Hannah, who seems to go through an evolution from the classic to the romantic character, because she descends in the last scene into romanticism when she accepts and dances with Gus.

  2. Romanticism expressed via John Keats', "Ode to a Nightingale"

    The author tries to imagine the light of the moon, ?but there is no light,? for he knows he is in the meadow, surrounded by flowers, yet he cannot see the flowers. Finally, Keats? and other Romantics used literature to find the person?s individuality.

  1. The Old English epic poem Beowulf demonstrates the Anglo-Saxon ideal of leadership as personified ...

    When the king orders Beowulf to sail to the Bright-Danes and defend Hrothgar?s great mead hall, Beowulf, like a brilliant warrior, agrees immediately. The Beowulf poet explains that Beowulf is a loyal warrior when Beowulf elucidates: ?We belong by birth to the Geat people/ and owe allegiance to Lord Hyleglac? (260-261).

  2. Portrayal of Food in Literature

    simmered over periwinkle flames on the stove.? As with Shoba in ?A Temporary Matter?, Mrs. Sen?s emotional state too has been described by the deficiency and surplus of food ingredients. However, in her case, its consumption too which goes on to signify her emotional being.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work