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With reference to the RIBA work stages explain how a designer and design team would produce a design from the clients initial brief through to start on site.

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Introduction

HND Diploma in Construction and the Built Environment Unit 1 : Design Principals and Application Assignment 1 - Planning and Design Phases Task 1 With reference to the RIBA work stages explain how a designer and design team would produce a design from the clients initial brief through to start on site. A Designer and team will produce a design from the client's initial brief through to the start of construction, the client appoints an architect, through a chosen selection process like interviews. Once a designer has been chosen and all pre agreement procedures have been completed appraisal and briefing will commence. Appraisal, this is when a client's requirements are set by the designer through asking key questions such as, whether the clients existing building could be extended or adapted to suit his/hers requirements or a new build is needed, how large the budget is and how the project would be funded, the desired or crucial hand over date etc. This is the Identification of the client's requirements and needs, any factors that could affect development, and also to allow the client to decide whether he/she still feels it is viable to carry on. This in turn would allow a suitable procurement method to be chosen with the aid of the designer for example traditional. The clients initial brief may have many unseen obstacles that need to found and addressed so what is known as feasibility studies are conducted, these could be anything from taking soil tests to collecting local data like foot and road traffic. This can be told to the client before charges have been made and accurate estimations can be determined. A statement of need will be written up, this includes the client's requirement s, budget and time scale, visits to the proposed sites will most certainly be needed during these early feasibly studies taking notes and pictures and starting important legal procedures like creating and health and safety file with relevant information added as project grows. ...read more.

Middle

They deal with detail and tend to be highly literate and numerate and possess computer and IT skills to enable them to fulfil their responsibilities. They work on their own or within teams of other QS's or professionals. They can be employed by Contractors, Subcontractors, Trade Specialists, Architects, Consulting Engineers or other companies and organisations involved in the construction process. They usually work in two distinct areas. 'Pre-contract' work which involves the preparation of documentation to enable work to be put out to tendering contractors on behalf of the Client. Clients include government bodies, public and private authorities, developers and others seeking to undertake construction projects. The other key role for the modern quantity surveyor working for Contractors is the procurement, appointment, administration, management and payment of subcontractors. On some projects, the management of subcontract accounts is the Quantity Surveyor's chief responsibility. He may also have responsibility for matters such as insurance claims on behalf of the Contractor or third party claims. The Quantity Surveyor will usually report directly to the Senior Quantity Surveyor/Contract Administrator and lead a team of Assistant Quantity Surveyors to prepare Bills of Quantities for tenders; Interim Payment Certificates and Financial Accounts; and provide data for Cash Flow predications. Responsibilities include: . All project phases or contracts . Plan and manage the job responsibilities of the Assistant QS's . Monitor quality and progress of work . Respond to Contractor queries and review construction issue drawings . Prepare miscellaneous works contracts, monitor progress and report . Continually ensuring that practices, policies, strategy and services represent the clients best interests and that company policy is in keeping with current legislation, British Standards and Codes of Practice etc. . Commitment to CPD and self learning / development Qualifications Quantity Surveyors are trained professionals. Some will start straight from school some will study further with a university or higher education degree in the subject. ...read more.

Conclusion

The negatives include the design process being shortened and the tender stage lengthened, so design and quality are harder to control and any changes will expensive and problematic for the contractor so are therefore less likely even if needed. PFI This is where a public sector and private sector form a contractual relationship with each other. This is a long term contract basis and acts as a procurement method in which the private sector will fund for the public and their services (water, telecommunication etc) and other areas to do with infrastructure. This involves the private sector advising and helping them along. Both private and public sectors have an equal chance and responsibility in the risk, for example if something goes wrong both parties will have to find a solution and agree a way to overcome the problem, including the payment for it. This could be seen as an advantage as cost will be spread but on the other hand it could still be a huge figure and profit is only half as well. PFI is only usually required for more expensive large projects because the private sector wouldn't be able to afford it without the finance from the public sector. Construction Management Contract Within this type of contract the employer or client makes an agreement for contract with all the required specialists within the project. The client/ employer will use the manager of the construction works as an adviser and consult him/her when and where necessary, especially if any problems or errors occur. a construction management contract has the construction manager, for a fee, acting as the principal's agent in employing subcontractors (called trade contractors). In this way, the contractor's expertise can be utilised as a construction manager in the same way as it would have as a contractor but, when it comes to contract works, the contractor does no more than make recommendations to the principal in respect of the individual trade contracts and act as a post box for progress claims and payments ?? ?? ?? ?? Jacob Korsand 954114 P1 ...read more.

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