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Write an essay describing the key concepts and the principles of the person centred approach and your understanding of how these principles are applied to the counselling setting.

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Introduction

´╗┐Write an essay describing the key concepts and the principles of the person centred approach and your understanding of how these principles are applied to the counselling setting. The person centred approach developed by Carl Rogers In the 1930's is a humanistic and non directive approach to counselling. It's non directive stance disassociates itself from other approaches such as Freud's Psychoanalysis as it aims to place most of the responsibility for the clients enhanced state of well being on the client. The counsellor facilitates this process, however takes more of a detached role, which leaves the client free to explore their own feelings. The Person centred approach aims to enhance the clients self awareness, improve the clients self esteem and explore and analyze the clients emotions. It aims to do this while decreasing the discomfort of the client actually experiencing the emotions they are facing. In this essay I will be exploring the key concepts and key conditions of the Person Centred approach and attempt to show each concepts role in terms of the Person centred approach and how they are applied to the counselling setting. According to Rogers, the three main abilities a counsellor must have who is working with the Person centred approach is Congruence, Unconditional Positive Regard, and Empathy. Congruence, or the ability for the counsellor to convey 'genuineness' or to be 'transparent' with the client, is argued to be an important factor the clients growth. ...read more.

Middle

Conveying empathy is beneficial to the therapeutic relationship as it's seemed as an attempt to perceive the world from the client?s point of view, in which the clients view seems to have a value, through this the client may feel they are accepted The vulnerable client or the client who views themselves of having little self worth would benefit from an empathic counsellor. The client may think that an empathic counsellor has taken the time to want to understand the client, thus boost the client?s perception of self worth. Through paraphrasing and asking tentative questions, the counsellor conveys their empathic nature accurately to the client. It also poses questions to the clients, enabling them to develop farther their thoughts and feelings. The client?s willingness to be understood by the counsellor therefore provides an environment where the client could delve deeper into the hidden feelings and explore their current situations. If the empathic relationship is lost, then the counsellor does not fully understand the client?s frame of reference, but rather from the experiences they have faced themselves. The disadvantages of this empathic response however could be that the client becomes aware of the paraphrasing, and bored of this method. The final ability important to the person centred approach is unconditional positive regard. To achieve unconditional positive regard, the counsellor must be respectful of the client and non judgmental. ...read more.

Conclusion

The client can then become aware of their experiences which had come to affect their ideologies of self worth. The client is ?More likely to face himself honestly without the fear of rejection or condemnation? The difficulties of Unconditional Positive Regard are that the counsellor must withdraw themselves from any personal judgment and accept the client in spite of any decisions, past or previous actions they have made. Despite what the client may have done, the counsellor must remain unbiased in their opinion of the client, or not portray their biases during the counselling session. This is difficult, as perceptions and judgements are made during a very short amount of time, it may be difficult for the counsellor to overcome this natural reaction. The counsellor would have to undergo specific training to able to provide an unconditional positive regard for the client. Without the counsellor fully providing Unconditional positive regard for the client, the development of the client could be possibly be hindered. Another difficulty in portraying Unconditional positive regard during the counselling setting is the client?s reaction of receiving this regard. The client may not have had a previous experience of unconditional positive regard, or even conditional positive regard. The client may reject this positive regard, or not understand the positive regard. The counsellor would have to then work on how they would express unconditional positive regard to the client, in which case the process for unconditional positive regard helping the client may be extensive. Ryckmann, R.M. (1993) Theories of personality (5th ed.) California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co. ...read more.

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