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Discuss the role of the manager in successful organisations and consider the required attributes and qualities for a successful manager.

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Introduction

Discuss the role of the manager in successful organisations and consider the required attributes and qualities for a successful manager. It is a well-known fact that the world was and still is full of organisations; they play a significant and continuing role in our lives. It is true that organisations can vary in size, structure, resources, personnel, and purposes, but they do have some things in common. They consist of two or more people who work together toward some common goal. The objective of an organisation is to provide goods and services to its members or to others outside the organisation. In order to achieve that effectively, all organisations have to follow a plan and try to acquire the necessary recourses. It is here where the practice of management takes effect. Management relates to all the activities of the organisation and is undertaken at all levels. It is by the process of management and the execution of work that the activities of the organisation are carried out. Management cannot easily be defined and it is subject to many interpretations. However it can be said that management is the practice of consciously and continually shaping organisations. ...read more.

Middle

He can collect his information both directly, by asking questions, and indirectly, through unsolicited information. Disseminator role; as a disseminator, the manager passes the external and internal information collected to the organisation and to its subordinates. If the manager fails in transmitting the information or transmits them wrongly, this can cause problems to the organisation. The manager is the one who also holds the spokesperson role. He is the person who represents and speaks for his unit to people outside the unit; these might be his superiors, or even the general public. The entrepreneurial role is the manager's function to take advantage of certain opportunities and initiate activities that will improve the existing situation of the organisation. The manager has the resource allocator role. He is responsible for the correct distribution of the resources amongst the employers. These resources include money, facilities, and equipment. He also decides the programming of work and maintains control by authorising important decisions before they are implemented. The disturbance handler role; the manager must be prepared for the unexpected; he must be able to handle crises that may develop, such as failure of equipment or even strikes and take immediate action to correct the situation. Another significant role of a manager is the negotiator role. ...read more.

Conclusion

He is also required to maintain a balance between conflicting goals. All the stakeholders of the organisation have set different goals in order to satisfy their individual interests. It is the job of the manager to ensure that individual interests are subordinated to the general interest. It can be said that for managers to improve their managerial skills continuous training should take place. It is true that managerial skills are mostly obtained through experience however continuous training can improve them. Through training a manager can improve his productivity, increase his effectiveness and discover new and maybe more effective ways of running the organisation. Overall it can be concluded that management and consequently managers play an essential role to an organisation. They ensure that the organisation achieves its goals by planning and organising the operations of the organisation; they keep the organisation united by co-ordination and control and they form the informational link between the organisation and the environment. However since organisations are a necessary part of our society, the role of management today extends beyond the organisation. The decisions and actions of management have an impact on individuals, other organisations and the community. Therefore the responsibility of management in our society is decisive not only for the organisation itself but also for the very future of our economic and social system. ...read more.

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