• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30
  31. 31
  32. 32
  33. 33
  34. 34
  35. 35
  36. 36
  37. 37
  38. 38
  39. 39
  40. 40
  41. 41
  42. 42
  43. 43

Entrepreneurship, my bachelor project is to analyze the situation of the ethnic female entrepreneurs in Denmark, based on the following questions: - Theoretical demonstration of entrepreneurship in historical context - Analysis of the

Extracts from this document...


Bachelor project Entrepreneurship 2009 "Entrepreneur is one who always searches for change, responds to it, and exploits it is an opportunity." - Peter Drucker 1 Executive summary I spent my internship at Copenhagen Business centre, where I was an intern in a so called "Get started programme for women entrepreneurs" project. This project�s main target group is the women who live in Copenhagen and have another ethnic background then Danish. Through the project I was able to see the different types of entrepreneurs and their dream of opening a business in Copenhagen. Copenhagen Business Centre would like to help all of these women to get a general knowledge about how to develop their ideas into business plans and how to start their business. I choose to write about entrepreneurship, its history, culture and women entrepreneurs and their possibilities in Denmark. This project should help to understand entrepreneurship better and give an overview of the difficulties that the ethnic women came across during starting a business. The word entrepreneur has its origin in the French language. It refers to the organizer of musical or other entertainments. An entrepreneur is one who organizes, manages and assumes the risks of an enterprise. An enterprise visualizes a business, takes bold steps to establish under takings, coordinates the various factors of productions and gives it a start. Entrepreneurs are the owners of the business who contribute the capital and bear the risk of uncertainties in life. Entrepreneur takes decision regarding what to produce, how to produce, where to produce and for whom to produce. He mobilizes other factors of production namely; land, Labour, capital, organization and initiates production process. She is responsible for both the profit and loss. Entrepreneurs have been around since the beginning of time. But the term was first introduced by a French economist by the name of Richard Cantillon in the 18th century. Van Praag (2005) divides entrepreneurship concept into five different groups which are classical approach, neoclassical approach, Schumpeterian, Knightian, and neo-Austrian approach. ...read more.


For increases in income are experienced, the entrepreneurial sector may increase, as more individuals would like to set up a business for themselves, because the economy gives opportunity for them. There is no reason to expect that the upward slope will be as steep as the downward slope. The dispersion of TEA country estimates around the line of best fit in Figure 3 shows, entrepreneurship rates are not just a function of variant in economic development but also of other factors. Entrepreneurship is also a socio-economic symptom. The rapidly expanding entrepreneurship studies indicate that entrepreneurial activity rates may differ across countries for cultural, institutional, economic, and demographic reasons. For instance, motivations, regulations, and rules for starting a business can be different across the world. Geographical precedent can also be witnessed in Figure 3, which shows that countries with similar geographic backgrounds and traditions tend to cluster together. The EU countries are situated close together. Japan's rate of early-stage entrepreneurial activity has been increasing in recent years and is now very similar to the EU-average. Figure 3 8 4. Entrepreneurs in a view of age and gender People between ages 25-34 has the highest prevalence rate for every phase of economic development. Thereafter the prevalence rates decrease as age increases. Figure 4 shows the differences in female and male entrepreneurs for each country in 2008 according to GEM. The ratio of female to male participation differs in each period, reflecting different culture and customs. In many efficiency - driven countries; eastern European countries male TEA rates are higher than female TEA rates. In innovation-driven countries, the amounts of men entrepreneurs are double then the women entrepreneurs. Figure 4 9 5. Entrepreneruship education All of the factor-driven countries men were more efficient when it came to entrepreneurship training then women. If we look at the efficiency-driven countries, the difference between men and women according to receiving entrepreneur training were not significant. 73% of the innovation-driven countries had significantly higher levels of workshops amidst men than women. ...read more.


Nevertheless, several of these cultural conditions are increasingly oriented toward entrepreneurship. The Danish culture is less entrepreneurial than typical can well explain that Danish entrepreneurship is below the typical. That Danish culture is shifting to become more entrepreneurial can well explain the current turn upward in entrepreneurship. This may also be explained by other changes, perhaps in the economy. Denmark is on the right way to change their thinking about entrepreneurship. Ethnic female entrepreneurs have a different culture, so they need a different service. Ehtnic women entrepreneurs need to be motivated, and take the risk to be self-employed. Denmark should give them the motivation and show them the way to the labour market and especially the entrepreneur field. More and more initiatives came to support ethnic female entrepreneurs in Denmark. As I mentioned in my recommendation part, some services needs to be improved, such as materials in other languages then Danish. The European Union is trying to put entrepreneurs in the highlight, and support them with several initiatives in all of the member countries. I do believe that Denmark can change the situation of ethnic female entrepreneurs and become the best country to be an entrepreneur in. Literature Burns, P. 2001. -Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Palgrave Macmillan. Acs Zoltan J., and David B. Audretsch 2003. - Handbook of Entrepreneurship http://books.google.com/books?id=4KRnkLZfXtMC&pg=PA355&dq=entrepreneurship,+mcgraw+hill&hl=hu#v=onepage&q=entrepreneurship%2C%20mcgraw%20hill&f=false Richard Daft 2006. - New era of management http://books.google.com/books?id=RhwMpK19nj0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=richard+daft+new+era&hl=hu#v=onepage&q=&f=false Rajan Saxena 2006. - Marketing management Stephen C. Harper 2003. - Starting your own business http://books.google.com/books?id=awzYTHdHQfAC&printsec=frontcover&dq=starting+your+own+business,+stephen&hl=hu#v=onepage&q=&f=false Simon Bridge and Ken O'Neill and Stan Cromie 2003. - Understanding enterprise, entrepreneurship and small business http://books.google.com/books?id=vhW58o3ElnwC&pg=PA245&dq=entrepreneurship+and+small+businesses,+burns&hl=hu#v=onepage&q=entrepreneurship%20and%20small%20businesses%2C%20burns&f=false Niels Bosma , Zoltan J. Acs, Erkko Autio, Alicia Coduras, Jonathan Levie - Global Entrepreneurship Monitor ; 2008 Executive report Global entrepreneurship monitor - 2007 report on women entrepreneurship - Elaina Allen, Amanda Elam, Nan Langowitz, Monica Dean Appendix Figure 2 Figure 5 Figure 7 Figure 8 1 http://www.themanagementor.com/EnlightenmentorAreas/sm/Entre/Types.htm 2 http://www.entrepreneur.com/encyclopedia/term/159078.html 3 http://langlois.uconn.edu/SCHUMPET.HTML 4http://books.google.com/books?id=RhwMpK19nj0C&dq=richard+daft,+new+era+of+management&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=GERKOHlgZn&sig=FUcWnYPsZqq8-331chOuOogDnDc&hl=hu&ei=3M0SS9fSA8PB-Qbol7H2Dg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CBkQ6AEwAw#v=snippet&q=types%20of%20entrepreneurs&f=false 5 http://ideas.repec.org/f/pba243.html 6 GEM_Global_08.pdf 7 http://www.saudincc.org.sa/About-National-Competitiveness/Stages-of-Economic-Development.aspx 8 GEM_Global_08.pdf 9 GEM_Global_08.pdf 10 http://www.cibc.com/ca/pdf/women-entrepreneurs-en.pdf 11 http://www.cibc.com/ca/pdf/women-entrepreneurs-en.pdf 12 http://www.billshrink.com/blog/men-vs-women-financial-planning/ 13 http://www.allbusiness.com/business-planning-structures/starting-a-business/4497297-1.html 14 http://leighhimel.blogspot.com/2007/02/men-vs-women-entrepreneurs-men.html 15 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow%27s_hierarchy_of_needs ?? ?? ?? ?? � http://www.entrepreneur.com/encyclopedia/term/159078.html � http://langlois.uconn.edu/SCHUMPET.HTML 37 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. Balanced Scorecard for Telecom Industry

    * Benchmarking is done for every practice, and the benchmark companies can be local or Global. 6.2.3. Balanced Scorecard for Telenor Based on the above information that the group gathered, a Balanced Scorecard is suggested for the company. It involves the four perspectives, and the Strategy Map shows which parts

  2. Atkinsons flexible firm model (1984) sparked widespread debate around the flexible firm and Britains ...

    (Redman et al, 2002, p.88). Marchington and Wilkinson (1996) note it is difficult to define core workers, often core workers are defined by direct line managers rather than 'a strong sense of professional judgement'. It is argued that this approach may look to address short-term improvements in cost effectiveness but does not consider the long term issues that may occur (Marchington and Wilkinson, 1996, p.381).


    Trust between appraiser and appraisee is an important factor. Performance appraisal could be seen as another form of management control (Bach 1998). This is even more important when there seems a reluctance or inability to collate objective information to inform the appraisal process (Pigott-Irvine 2003). There is no requirement or mention within the Passenger Focus system to collate and prepare evidence of performance.

  2. Making the Tough Team Call. The IMP team has been unsuccessful at completing their ...

    maintenance and task activities the team will have the structure to move onto the next stage of the model. The team needs to undergo maintenance activities before focusing on task activities in order to bring about these changes as in its present state the team is too focused on 'task' activities.

  1. HRM best practise case study. Research into HRM at a branch of Barclays ...

    Level of Recruitment experience Equality and Diversity Big Blue Box Pre-course reading for Resourcing for Success (2 hours for each day - total of 4 hours only)

  2. Key strand of thought in Sociology. In this assignment I intend to examine in ...

    It can be argued that the greatest benefit of systems thinking gave rise to the development of study on work organisations which became recognised as a part of a social environment. Two important strengths from recognising the organisation as an environment where relationships have to be developed and maintained in

  1. NSPCC analysis SWOT, PEST, monitor external environment

    The NSPCC drives it advertising campaigns to the public to gain monthly donations, however this could be affected due the increasing debt of the nation as a whole. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7089607.stm 12/11/2007) We can also see from the NSPCC website that Halifax and other financial institutions sponsor their cause, and the current

  2. This report will analyse current organisational situation of Heidelberg Insurance Services Company which is ...

    The employees should be offered a package of benefits. Appendix 15 The Sales Division 20 employees encounter problems such as lack of commitment, low performance and lack of knowledge due to ineffective training. Additionally, customers have been complaining about misleading product information.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work