• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Organizational structure. This essay will introduce the following five parts: history of functional structure, the functional structure model, strengths of functional structure, weaknesses of functional structure, and the application of functional struct

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction Organizational structure can be defined as the method that an organization distributes employees and jobs so that its work can be performed and its goals can be achieved. There are different types of organizational structures like functional structure, divisional structure and matrix structure. The functional structure is the most common structure which has been widely used in organizations. According to Talha (2005) functional structure involves grouping together people who perform similar tasks or use similar technology or materials in the same department. This essay will introduce the following five parts: history of functional structure, the functional structure model, strengths of functional structure, weaknesses of functional structure, and the application of functional structure. 1. History of functional structure Functional structure has been appeared in 20th century. While with the emergence of the industrial age, the efficiency became the most significant point to management. Functional structure is pyramidal structured, as Brews (2004) believes it were structured with few managers at the top and most people at the bottom, organized by the tasks they performed. Job scopes were clearly distinguished and authority was from top to bottom. ...read more.

Middle

* Departmental coordination: functional structure can bring responsible objective to organization and make different departments can get better cohesion. It can create a win-win situation in team work of the organization and it can reduce the contradictions of different departments. * Knowledge sharing: the employees who are working together are in same field in this structure. So that they can share the knowledge which are different from their own with other employees. For example, an accountant can exchange the knowledge with other accountant and support each others. It is the simplest way to familiar with the product line and therefore is best suited for cultivating general managers in an organization. * Easy to supervise: in functional structures the directors are usually the specialists in their field and they usually have a really high performance. These leaders should have the superior technical level of management and a broad range of working experiences which can make the whole management process easier. As a result employees can be better motivated, distributed, rewarded and punished. 4. Weaknesses of functional structure Although this kind of organizational structure has a lot of benefits it still needs some improvement. ...read more.

Conclusion

Firstly, it should be a small or medium size organization which provides few kinds of productions. The large-scale organizations which have various products would have really complex daily operating if they use this structure. Secondly, the external environment of the company must remain stable because functional structure is difficult to change in a short time. Conclusion In conclusion, the functional structure has its own strengths and weaknesses. The managers should consider the actual circumstance of their own organization to decide whether or not they will use this kind of structure, such as, the type of organization, the size of organization and the external environment of an organization. An appropriate organizational structure can help the organization working in a good condition, operating efficiently and developing rapidly. Reference BREWS, Peter and CHRISTOPHER, Tucci. (2004) Exploring the Structural Effects of Internetworking. Strategic Management Journal, 25(5), 429-452. ANUMB, Catherine and MALIK, Khalfan. (2002) Organisational structures to support concurrent engineering in construction. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 102(5), 260-270. KUSHNUMA, Irani (2007). Type of Organizational structures. [online]. Last accessed 21 August 2011 at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/type-of-organizational-structures.html MORTON, Donna (2011). The Functional Structure of an Organization. [online]. Last accessed 24 August 2011 at: http://www.ehow.com/about_6134117_functional-structure-organization.html TALHA, Siddiqui (2005). Organizational structure. Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. Making the Tough Team Call. The IMP team has been unsuccessful at completing their ...

    The successful creation of a team contract will improve team cohesiveness. Not only have they completed a task as a group, but they have also defined common team goals and aligned roles. Furthermore there is increased psychological security stemming from the creation of rules and procedures.

  2. SHRM, Best Fit model in NZB

    It is one of the most important potential motivators. The increase in training to 5 days per employee per as one of HR initiative indicates a vertical integration between HR strategy with business strategy. 4.2.3 The organisational climate survey in [French et al (1985) cited in Armstrong 2003] sees it as the relatively persistent set of perception held by organisational members concerning the characteristic and quality of organisational culture.

  1. The purpose of this exercise is to introduce the relationship of selecting, evaluating, building ...

    Group Report Group Report Duration: 30 to 45 minutes, 03 March 2009 A. Personal Teambuilding Seminar Proposal 1. Importance of a Team Building Team building is essentially a process involving participation, collaboration and nurturing of team spirit amongst the team members.

  2. How trainig can contribute to an effective organization

    is introduced there is a brief slowdown in the learning curve (confusion occurs), but soon begins to strengthen acquired skills and knowledge. This happen because some trainers are unwilling to use task variation they assume that they are slowing and confusing the learning process.

  1. Entrepreneurship, my bachelor project is to analyze the situation of the ethnic female entrepreneurs ...

    The example of famous economist during this era would be Alfred Marshall (1842-1924) which pointed that entrepreneur has the characteristics of taking all responsibility and gain full control, coordinate supply and demand on the market as well as capital and labour within the firm, undertake risks, act as a manager

  2. Stock exchange

    1.6.5. Frame work of analysis The data which were collected from the respondents are designed in the master table. The data is then edited, coded and tabulated. Statistical tools are used to represent these data. The tools used are pie diagram, bar diagram, line graph, cones.

  1. My Strengths and Weaknesses Over the Course of the First Semester.

    I found that the first two weeks of university had unearthed one of my major weaknesses that had gone unnoticed in my pre PAS estimations. After reading Buzan's Mind Mapping book, I decided that my fatal weakness was that I was writing linear notes for my revision rather than stimulating

  2. E-Tickets & the five business functions

    The option to check-in online is available on some airlines. A passenger enters their confirmation number at the airline's website, and the passenger prints the boarding pass on their home printer. Online check-in is typically permitted up to twenty-four hours before the flight's scheduled departure time, though this may vary by airline.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work