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Organizational structure. This essay will introduce the following five parts: history of functional structure, the functional structure model, strengths of functional structure, weaknesses of functional structure, and the application of functional struct

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Introduction Organizational structure can be defined as the method that an organization distributes employees and jobs so that its work can be performed and its goals can be achieved. There are different types of organizational structures like functional structure, divisional structure and matrix structure. The functional structure is the most common structure which has been widely used in organizations. According to Talha (2005) functional structure involves grouping together people who perform similar tasks or use similar technology or materials in the same department. This essay will introduce the following five parts: history of functional structure, the functional structure model, strengths of functional structure, weaknesses of functional structure, and the application of functional structure. 1. History of functional structure Functional structure has been appeared in 20th century. While with the emergence of the industrial age, the efficiency became the most significant point to management. Functional structure is pyramidal structured, as Brews (2004) believes it were structured with few managers at the top and most people at the bottom, organized by the tasks they performed. Job scopes were clearly distinguished and authority was from top to bottom. ...read more.


* Departmental coordination: functional structure can bring responsible objective to organization and make different departments can get better cohesion. It can create a win-win situation in team work of the organization and it can reduce the contradictions of different departments. * Knowledge sharing: the employees who are working together are in same field in this structure. So that they can share the knowledge which are different from their own with other employees. For example, an accountant can exchange the knowledge with other accountant and support each others. It is the simplest way to familiar with the product line and therefore is best suited for cultivating general managers in an organization. * Easy to supervise: in functional structures the directors are usually the specialists in their field and they usually have a really high performance. These leaders should have the superior technical level of management and a broad range of working experiences which can make the whole management process easier. As a result employees can be better motivated, distributed, rewarded and punished. 4. Weaknesses of functional structure Although this kind of organizational structure has a lot of benefits it still needs some improvement. ...read more.


Firstly, it should be a small or medium size organization which provides few kinds of productions. The large-scale organizations which have various products would have really complex daily operating if they use this structure. Secondly, the external environment of the company must remain stable because functional structure is difficult to change in a short time. Conclusion In conclusion, the functional structure has its own strengths and weaknesses. The managers should consider the actual circumstance of their own organization to decide whether or not they will use this kind of structure, such as, the type of organization, the size of organization and the external environment of an organization. An appropriate organizational structure can help the organization working in a good condition, operating efficiently and developing rapidly. Reference BREWS, Peter and CHRISTOPHER, Tucci. (2004) Exploring the Structural Effects of Internetworking. Strategic Management Journal, 25(5), 429-452. ANUMB, Catherine and MALIK, Khalfan. (2002) Organisational structures to support concurrent engineering in construction. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 102(5), 260-270. KUSHNUMA, Irani (2007). Type of Organizational structures. [online]. Last accessed 21 August 2011 at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/type-of-organizational-structures.html MORTON, Donna (2011). The Functional Structure of an Organization. [online]. Last accessed 24 August 2011 at: http://www.ehow.com/about_6134117_functional-structure-organization.html TALHA, Siddiqui (2005). Organizational structure. Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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