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Theoretical approaches for discipline essay. The setting of productive rules and the enforcing of acceptable behaviour are a preventative strategy in education.

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Introduction

Assessment Task 1: Theoretical approaches for discipline essay The rules in a classroom set the framework for the expected behaviours of students. It is essential to implement successful classroom management within instruction to avoid discipline problems and create a successful learning environment. Teacher must explicitly define desired behaviours, clearly communicate the rules, limits and procedure in the classroom and enforce them consistently. The theoretical disciplinary perspectives for classroom management include the teacher-directed, teacher-student directed and the student-directed approaches. The setting of productive rules and the enforcing of acceptable behaviour are a preventative strategy in education. In the teacher-directed approach to classroom management, the teacher is present as an authoritative figure, who assumes primary responsibility for the development of rules and conduct in their class. The key theorists of this approach include Lee and Marlene Canter's Assertive discipline and Alberto and Troutman's Applied behaviour analysis. Teachers determine and clarify boundaries in order to teach routines. The classroom environment is where teachers use the "clear communication of classroom rules and procedures, rewards and punishments and behaviour contracting" (Barnett, 2009, p.12) to enforce acceptable behaviour. This controlled environment is explored through Canter's "Assertive Discipline" this model is based on the idea that students need teachers to provide them with behavioural expectations and limits. The model "highlights consistency, rewards and consequences, and positive relationship building" (Manning, 2003, p.55). ...read more.

Middle

The approach involves teachers and students developing a collaborative relationship whereby the rules, procedures and expectations are established through "class meetings" (Glasser, 1969, p.194). In these teachers and students discuss reasonable rules; these rules are enforced through possible exclusion from class with the opportunity to return once solutions for the unacceptable behaviour are established. These meetings allow students to become responsible in helping to make the decisions in the classroom. Students usually display respect for their teachers, peers and the classroom guidelines for behaviour if they are involved in decision making. "The benefits of social-problem-solving class meetings is that it teaches students that they have a responsibility to the teacher. If a teacher attends class, the student also has a responsibility to attend class unless excused by the teacher" (Glasser, 1969, p.201) There have been clear parameters set around the issues of being late to class. Therefore in accordance with the previous example of the student, Julie, who is late to class on several occasions, it is her responsibility to be respectful and be on time. This is especially important as she collaborated with her peers and teachers to form this rule. The teacher could develop logical consequences for the student by keeping them back the same amount of time they were late. Glasser's 'Choice Theory' allows students to suggest ways to make school more meaningful and to formulate appropriate rules for classroom use (Edwards, 2008, p. ...read more.

Conclusion

Contrary to this, Canter's approach uses rules and discipline techniques, developed by the assertive teacher to manage the class. I feel it is the teacher's duty to develop fair rules, procedures and conduct in their classroom. The management strategies need to be made clear and be positively enforced through consistency and reasonable consequences. To ensure the rules are effective, they need to be discussed with students to establish a positive relationship. Teachers and students may need to collaborate on the rules and consequences to ensure they are fair and encourage student responsibility. The challenge for teachers is to help students develop the skill of responsible behaviour by creating a productive environment. This responsibility gives students the opportunity to self-discipline thus developing decision making and problem solving skills. It may also be helpful to have students sign an agreement to the rules thus ensuring they understand them and are accountable for their actions. Effective support structures for classroom discipline include a system of fair consequences and rewards which are consistently carried out. The three approaches place importance on the prevention of misbehaviour and each are placed along a continuum in terms of the amount of control the teacher or the student access in the classroom (Malmagrem, 2005, p.38). The setting of consistent and fair rules for the classroom and the use of logical or behavioural consequences, help students wear the consequences of their actions. Classroom meetings give the group the opportunity for students to discuss common concerns and achieve 'ownership' of classroom life. ...read more.

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