Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7

Policy Making And Analysis: Case Study Community Care.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Student number:11028593 word count:2839 Policy Making And Analysis: Case Study Community Care Abstract The aim of this case study is to explore a pivotal piece of social policy in Britain. I have undertaken a case study on an important aspect of Health policy known as the community care movement. I will investigate the origins of the community care movement and analyze the resulting formation of The Community Care Act (1990). I will attempt to summarize and explain the implications, which were intended, and those which were consequential of the policy. Introduction Social policy usually tries to address the collective needs of groups who lack well -being or health. Social policy is a political process involving a wide array of actors, key to the policymaking arena are elected politicians who are members of the government and the cabinet. However the role of globalization and perhaps more specifically the europeanization, of British governance is becoming more evident in the policy procedure. The provision of social services is an integrated and dynamic process. Titmuss in his inaugural lecture of 1951 suggested it was based on; "...Services, both statutory and voluntary, with the moral values implicit in their action, with the roles and functions of the services, with their economic aspects, and with the part they play in meeting certain needs in the social process." This is just one of many views postulated by academics. There are many conflicting ideologies on the nature and extent of provision of social services, however a general consensus can be drawn on the key components of social services. These include social security, health, education, personal social services and housing. ...read more.

Middle

Demands include public reports published, such as the Griffiths Report 1998 which called for funding of community care to be local authorities responsibility. Demands do however come from a wide range of groups putting pressures and "demands" on the governments agenda. The resources needed to put policy making into action include the key actors of the procedure. This incorporates money to pay for human resources and experts such as civil servents. The second stage of processing the inputs is a closed and rather secretive affair often referred to as the dynamics of "The Whitehall Game", not solely dependent on officials in Whitehall but the effects of political and economic change the balance of dependence between ministers/civil servents is constantly changing. Political support weakening for example means the Prime Minister must call on the cabinet for increased support. Alternatively economic achievements means the chancellor has increased sway in the process. The core executive is not fixed and central administration is an ongoing challenge. Alliances change with debate over policy style and nature and there are no dominating figures. The main failing of Margaret Thatcher in 1979 was loss of backbench support and underestimating the extent to which she relied on the cabinet, key actors within the core executive and resignation of Nigel Lawson did not bode well with her alliances in the executive core. On a larger scale the European Union E.U also has an impact on British policy making since the 1970s and increasingly in the current political era where references to the europeanization of our system and other notions such as socialism via the back door highlight the contested integration of law set in Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

You cannot claim success for an arrangement that failed in a crisis ". Attention has also been places on drug company's and licensing laws as guidance is needed on the possible side effects, the national institute for clinical excellence was made accountable for ensuring the re was appropriate guidance. Overall the policy has succeeded in deinstitutionalising and attempting to remove stigma in the large majority of cases. The movement has been difficult due to splits between health and social services and the bad press received on isolated incidents which can cause moral panic as mental health is a contentious issue and still met by many with fear/ignorance. Structured implementation and a commitment to improve continuity of care is needed and more rigorous assessment to ensure there are not inappropriate discharges of patients who are a danger to themselves/others/ A recent result of policy evolution and shifting ideologies is the development of e-democracy. Policy Making is a complex and continuous cycle, which is a closed process. Mainly carried out in the offices of Whitehall by ministers and civil servants The influence of lobby groups and numerous think tanks is not really measurable. However the current Prime Minister is aware that Thatcher's presidential style and eventual loss of reign was not solely due to loosing influence with her cabinet but loss of public interest, exemplified by the poll tax riots. As a result Blair has been keen to tailor his discourse and gauge public opinion, in 1996 the Britain's first virtual think tank was set up by a group of Oxbridge graduates. Blaire saw the launch of an on-line debate on his "third way" and have an enlightening relay of information between Downing Street and the electorate. This is one of the more recent developments in policy making and development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 10 care practice and provision

    3 star(s)

    Ravenswood were told that Johnny needed to have a cataract operation and referred Johnny to Royal Berkshire hospital to see a surgeon. The surgeon said that the operation was not a good idea for Johnny, because Johnny could not consent to the operation as he has little communication skills.

  2. Mental Health and Stigma

    in their life, so therefore; mental illness is an ordinary part of everyday life, not something that should never be talked about, or mocked. Mental illness is still a taboo, why? When views and opinions towards so many other issues have changed and become more modern.

  1. With reference to one of the standards of the National Service Framework (NSF) for ...

    However the single assessment process may not be as straight forward for falls as a more specialised assessment may have to be carried out by fall services for the care to be effective. The guidelines set by Nice outlined the importance of prevention; part of the process for preventing falls is educating the patient.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but ...

    4 star(s)

    Carers allowance is usually paid directly into an account of their choice which accepts Direct Payment of benefits.

  1. Charismatic Leadership in Practice

    The sense of self efficacy resulting from empowerment by the charismatic leader makes the follower to start and continue the work with complete dedication even in the absence of the leader. It is not just the step of empowerment that results in increased self confidence, sense of ownership and responsibility but the whole process of charismatic leadership contributes to it.

  2. Health, Social Care and Early Years provision

    Nursing Auxiliaries are responsible for maintaining their own awareness of manual handling and lifting and CPR training. Q4 Describe the care value base. The primary aim of all care work is to improve the quality of the patient's life. The care value base demonstrates the key principles of this.

  1. Health promotion is an important element of the government's health agenda. Critically discuss this ...

    Social policy can be described as taking deliberate action to achieve change in individuals or society (Gough et al 1994). Social policy springs from observations and ideas of how society ought to be. Social policy is normative in that it contains values and beliefs about how society should be ordered

  2. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) of people aged 65 and over studied a cross-section of free-living individuals and individuals living in institutions in the UK. Original analysis of this survey found less than 10% of free-living individuals to be underweight with a body mass index (BMI)

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.