• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the development and decline of the cattle industry.

Extracts from this document...


Explain the development and decline of the cattle industry The cattle industry once became a very profitable industry at its peak, but ended up in disaster. There were many factors which started the cattle industry. It all started from the longhorn cattle being brought to the USA from Europe at the end of the 15th century. By the early 19th century, cattle ranching was firmly established in Mexico, as they grazed freely on the open range. Vaqueros were hired to look after the cattle. In 1836 Texas became an independent republic as they went against the Mexican rule. The Mexicans left their cattle in Texas, so Texan farmers claimed it as their own. The cattle ranches began only small, but during the 1850's Beef became more popular, prices rose and some Texan ranchers became quite wealthy. In 1861 came the civil war between the northern and southern states. Longhorn cattle survived though and continued to breed. Altogether there were around 5 million cattle down south, but they were useless, unless they could be moved to the demand, which was situated in the north. ...read more.


This created sufficient facilities for it to become the first cow town. The way McCoy got the herds to the railroad was by using the Chisholm Trail. This was a wide, flat trail, used as a supply path in the civil war, which was created by Jesse Chisholm. This way cattlemen could drive their herds without hostility form farmers. Later this trail expanded to Ellsworth and Dodge City which became cow towns. McCoy made great profit from this-selling in Texas and selling for 3-4 times more in Abilene. Another factor of the beef bonanza was the Goodnight-Loving trail. Charles Goodnight returned from the Civil war to find that his cattle stocks had risen. He had 5000 and needed to sell them for them to be useful. The demand came from the Government, who needed food supplies to feed the army during the war. Also Indians were in demand for food. He drove his cattle to Fort summer. The trail had no farmer hostility, but passed through Indian Territory. ...read more.


The industry was at its peak. The railway network was extended, refrigerated carriages meant meat could be slaughtered before-larger quantity domestically and later abroad. More public land as the Indians were removed and placed on reservations. After this is all collapsed. Farmers experimented with poorer quality breeds. This was because the English cow-Herefordshire wasn't suited to the climate, so many died. When prices were high, cattlemen overstocked their cattle, but when there was a drought and high summer temperatures in 1883, the grass was ruined and cattle died. After this in 1885, beef demand fell and there was no profit in keeping large herds. The severe winter of 1886-87 killed the industry. Many cattle and cowboys died in snow and ice. There was no point in restocking. After this huge decline wind pumps and cheap fencing were introduced. The pumps, which pumped out the water from underground allowed ranches to be set up anywhere on the plains-not next to a water source. This wasn't much use as there was a small demand and the cattle industry was no longer big and was no longer a way of huge money income. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Marketing & Research section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Marketing & Research essays

  1. SunCity - developing marketing strategy for problem

    Budgets- I am going to find out about the budgets of Sun City, why they are important to the business and how setting and sticking to budgets will benefit the business. I will find out how much money Sun City spends on budgets and on research and advertisement, of both

  2. Business Enterprise unit 5

    clean the car, due to the busy lifestyle, people today do not have enough time to wash their cars, therefore they are more likely to take there cars to the local car wash. According to government statistics disposable income has increased so people have more money to spend on luxury services.

  1. Marketing of Brookfield hotel

    The standards in the kitchen are at the high level. The kitchen is neat and tidy. The standards in arrangement of tables in the restaurant are also at very high level. The senior waitress arranges the tables like in the very best restaurants in the world.

  2. Applied Business Studies

    As there are no staff on hand the owner would take 100% of the profits they made by the business and all the business' financial information is kept private, whereas limited companies need to file accounts each year at companies houses.


    Historical Perspective The finished steel production in India has grown from a mere 1.1 million tonnes in 1951 to 31.63 million tonnes in 2001-2002. During the first two decades of planned economic development, i.e. 1950-60 and 1960-70, the average annual growth rate of steel production exceeded 8%.

  2. Impact on Automobile Industry Due To Recession in India

    I am thankful to all those whose name are mentioned above and even to those whose names need not be mentioned. The last but not the least, I would like to pay my thanks to my family without who's support and inspiration it was really hard task for me.

  1. Marketing Strategies adopted by automobile industry taking TVS Motors for comparison.

    MARKET STRATEGY A marketing strategy is a process that can allow an organization to concentrate its limited resources on the greatest opportunities to increase sales and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Types of strategies Every marketing strategy is unique, but can be reduced into a generic marketing strategy.

  2. Business studies, product development

    Secondary Research on the other hand is when you collect existing data from other company's research. It can be anything from a company's own sales statistics to Department of Trade and Industry reports. The good thing about Secondary Research is that it is a lot faster and a lot cheaper than using Primary Research.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work