• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who has a closer relationship to their father, Odysseus or Aeneas?

Extracts from this document...


Who has a closer relationship to their father, Odysseus or Aeneas? A central theme predominant in both Greek and Roman epics, also in tragedies, is that of the father/son relationship. Both epic heroes have very different relationships with their fathers due to their very different situations. On Odysseus return he has not seen his father for a total of twenty years, whereas Aeneas has been in constant contact with his for up until his death. Homer uses many epithets when referring to Odysseus within his work, and often refers to Odysseus as "Odysseus, son of Laertes" inferring the pride and honour that Odysseus should feel as the son of Laertes and placing the importance of his fathers achievements and status above his own. Odysseus himself acknowledges and embraces this family connection referring to himself as "Odysseus, son of Laertes" when he reveals his identity to King Alcinous, implicating at Odysseus great admiration for his father. A specific quote from Odysseus reveals his feelings regarding his relationship to his father. ...read more.


This suggest that father and son are not as close as first anticipated, especially when taking into consideration that they have been apart for twenty years, we would expect him to be more anxious to see his father. This hero has a tendency to test those who are supposed to be closest to him as well as strangers. His father proves that there is no except. This need to test his own father implies at a serious lack of trust within a relationship which if close there would be no trust issues, father and son should trust each other implicitly if in a genuinely close relationship. Aeneas first displays his deep affection for his father when talking to Dido about the sacking of his home, Troy and how he refused to leave his father behind when fleeing the burning city, despite Anchises pleas for him to go and when refusing to leave Aeneas carried him. This leads to the very poignant moment when Aeneas is carrying his father over his shoulder, away from his past and into his future, symbolizing Aeneas desperate need and desire for his father to be a part of his future and his destiny. ...read more.


This is a major factor in the distance between Odysseus and Laertes and it is obvious that they do not know each other very well, Laertes even failed to recognize his own son. What also contributes to this is Odysseus' personality. He tends to distance himself from people by being very secretive and suspicious even to those closest to him. One of the lessons that he was suppose to learn over his Odyssey was to trust people yet right up to the re-union with his father he still refuses to and feels the need to test his own father. This lack of trust and his suspicious nature towards even family members means that to some extent he and his father could never be as close as Aeneas and Anchises. Aeneas is the complete opposite to Odysseus in that he embraces everyone like a close family member, his crew are like brothers, which means that his family are even dearer to him and this is obvious in his relationship with his father. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Classics essays

  1. What impression is given of Aeneas as a man and as a leader in ...

    He does long for his promised citadel but is also a cell for the gods to create a new Empire. Venus' intervention is what points Aeneas towards leaving Dido who he tells, "I left you against my will" (Book 6).

  2. Whom do you admire more as a leader – Odysseus in the Odyssey or ...

    His lack of personal contact with the gods shows that he is just a pawn, merely a very important pawn. However, the actual tangible help that Aeneas receives is far greater than Athene's to Odysseus. The son of Venus receives divine weapons "beyond all words" and of "shining splendour".

  1. Charging and Discharging a Capacitor at Constant Rate

    The above circuit was examined. 2. The circuit was connected as shown. The variable resistor was set to the highest resistance. 3. Switch S was closed. The capacitor was fully charged very quickly. The ammeter reading Io was recorded. 4.

  2. What qualities does Odysseus show in the episodes he relates in Books 9-12? Does ...

    The heroic quality of divine intervention and being separated from other mortals is another to consider. In these four books, Athene does nothing to help Odysseus or at least nothing that Odysseus notices (remember Odysseus didn't know that Athene was helping him on the sea between Scherie and Ogygia).

  1. Cinderella - play script

    It's late. (Stepsisters leave up the stairs) And the thought of you dancing with the Prince. It's preposterous! Cinderella: Why? Why is it so hard for you to imagine? Stepmother: Because! You're common, Cinderella. Your mother was common, and so are you. Oh, you can wash your face and put on a clean dress but underneath you'll still be common.

  2. "Virgil invites us to see in Aeneas a new Odysseus often in similar situations ...

    Later in the Aeneid there is a brutal description of the Greeks abuse towards the defeated Trojans which invokes sympathy and for the Trojans as they have such spirit, strength determination despite what they have been through, making Aeneas appear a stronger character than Odysseus who has a wife and home waiting for him.


    "He did see three stags wandering; he stopped in his tracks and snatched his bow" and then "he took down three leaders". Aeneas quick thinking is made evident here by the use of the verb, snatched as it conveys his abilities to make quick logical decisions, a feature which makes him stand out amongst others.

  2. In this essay I will be examining the characteristics of the characters Aeneas and ...

    He is also the one who goes out to explore the surrounding land, "As soon as the kind light of day allowed, he determined to set out and explore this strange country, to find out where the wind had brought them."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work