• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A comparison of Arkady and Bazarov, from Turgenevs Fathers and Sons

Extracts from this document...


Turgenev opens the novel with the first comparison of many, setting the pace for the rest of the text, where Arkady and Bazarov are ceaselessly contrasted and compared. Turgenev initially portrays Arkady as a youth and Bazarov as a man. Arkady is described frequently as being boyish, whereas words such as 'virile' help the reader to understand Bazarov's manliness. His physical description is more thorough than that of Arkady's ('a face so bright and boyish') and we can infer from the bulging temples and broad forehead, phrenology being at its peak, that he is a deep thinker and an intelligent man. Arkady is initially relatively unself-conscious within his joy at seeing his father and is described as having a 'genuine, almost childish delight', but quickly becomes less relaxed and more conscious of his movements as he attempts to be treated and viewed as a man in front of his more advanced friend. Bazarov's self-assurance and masculinity have impressed Arkady as, after these moments of ease, he reconsiders his actions and speech, as he takes care to call his father 'father' as opposed to 'papa'. His behaviour is forced and stilted in attempt to impress Bazarov and he takes 'more wine than he actually wanted'. ...read more.


Bazarov, on the other hand, sticks steadfastly to his moral high-ground. It is Bazarov's self-assurance and subsequent insolence that helps to break down their leader-follower relationship, as Bazarov's attitude toward Nikolai and Pavel sows doubtful seeds in Arkady's mind and he first questions Bazarov's doctrine. As Arkady matures throughout the text, he begins to find Bazarov's cynical and somewhat blinkered ways tiring: we see this first shortly before the two leave Arkady's father's house, when Arkady asks Bazarov, 'And is nature trivial?' This is the turning point in their relationship as it is where the 'fledging' first thinks of flying solo. Arkady's personality is somewhat different to Bazarov's intensity. Arkady is in some ways more mature than Bazarov, specifically in the way that he is generally mellower and less angry at the world in general. We see this contrast most specifically when both fall in love with Anna Odintsov. Arkady accepts his ardour, appreciates how little interest she has in him and settles into a contemplative melancholy. Bazarov, on the other hand, grows angry with his 'weakness' and is disgusted at the way in which he has been so easily taken other by 'mouldy aesthetics'. Arkady shies from conflict where possible and gives respect where he feels respect to be due. ...read more.


He loves Katya not only because she is attractive, but because he views her as a friend with worthy opinions and thoughts. We see Turgenev's opinions of the two characters by the conclusion of the plot. Bazarov, highly ironically, dies at the hands of his highly revered science and realises as he dies that being a revolutionary betrayed all his principles. All the time spent preaching could have been spent in being useful and he realises that the 'tinker' is in fact far more use than the radical. On his deathbed, he also discovers that the most important thing, his love for Anna, is one of the things that he previously keenly dismissed as 'mouldy aesthetics'. Turgenev shows us that the stereotypically angry young man is not so much bad as unknowingly narrow-minded. Bazarov's story is a sad one; Turgenev evidently both pities and despairs of him as a character and it is only through death that he is finally able to mature emotionally and mentally and revaluate his all-important priorities. At the beginning of the text, Turgenev views Arkady as a foolish young boy who holds Bazarov in unnecessarily high esteem. However, as Arkady learns to form his own opinions, Turgenev's tone in regard to him warms and, by Arkady's happy ending, we see the respect that Turgenev has for the character's balance. It is this equilibrium that saved him while Bazarov's extremes drove him to his demise. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Authors essays

  1. Alice in Wonderland: A Comparison between the Novel by Lewis Carroll and the Film ...

    Now, in the film Alice quickly figures out how she must consume these concoctions to access a key on a normal sized table and then shrink down to get herself through the door. In the novel she shrinks down then eats a pastry to grow to be 9 feet tall

  2. Compare and contrast Shakespeare and Defoe's presentations of the characters of Robinson Crusoe and ...

    Further more, Caliban is presented by Shakespeare as a naturally subservient character as shortly after meeting Stephano and Trinculo; he begs to serve them. As a native, he possesses greater knowledge than them, and yet he immediately begins to "kneel to him [Stephano]", calling him a "god".

  1. The ending of The Yellow Wallpaper. Breakdown or Breakthrough

    It must be very humiliating to be caught creeping by daylight! / I always lock the door when I creep by daylight) also emphasises how she seems to relate to this woman, and parallels are drawn between the both of them; foreshadowing her breakdown at the end as she becomes

  2. The Fall of the House of Usher

    Roderick had with his sister, Madeline, as the sleeping woman represents Madeline lying in her tomb, undead. Secondly, "miasma" in the line "..rank miasma of the tarn," is describing the supernatural ghostly light that surrounded the lake but knowing Poe's love for wordplay, "miasma" perhaps has an underlying meaning.

  1. Attitudes to Marriage and Women in Chopin and Gilman

    or women in general, which is to an extent true as from a reading of the texts. First of all, there is this general ending where the woman somehow triumphs over the man and where this triumph is being celebrated.

  2. The Romantic Hero in Goethe's Faust

    Like all heroes, Faust is doomed because his personality possesses a fatal flaw. In Faust's case, his ego is the root of his damnation. The dominance of Faust's ego, however, is one of the things that makes his heroism a particularly Romantic.

  1. Sympathy for the betrayers and the betrayed. Cresseid and Madame Bovary are dissimilar ...

    Further, the scornfully humorous description of the Gods, particularly Saturn who 'behaved in a churlish, rough, thick-witted manner,' and had a 'rucked and wrinkled face, a lyre like lead' and a 'steady nose run' creates a further sympathy for Emma, since those that condemn her are rendered in an absurd, grotesque and humorous light.

  2. When Im bad, I am bad In the light of this comment, discuss ...

    to protect her all the time from the ghosts that she believes are terrorizing her. Flora?s position in society as being upper class is also linked to by the use of her ?hair of gold?, ?gold? symbolizing money but also makes her stand out in the crowd, the author has made her out to be like a little prodigy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work