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Clitheroe Essay

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Both texts 8 and 9 use various linguistic techniques to meet expectations of context, purpose and audience. They incorporate syndetic lists and deixis to accentuate their purposes, which are to inform and to persuade. The two texts focus on the description of Clitheroe specifically, using two different discourses to present their information and express their views, relative to their intended audiences. Text 9 is an extract from a book about bus journeys, in the form of a personal account. It appears to be aimed at a more mature audience, due to the heavy use of polysyllabic lexis, such as 'voluptuous', 'distinguished' and 'battalions', much of which a younger audience is unlikely to comprehend. The simple graphology also confirms the text was intended for a mature audience, and relies heavily on the descriptive content, in the form of solid paragraphs, and purposeful lack of images of any kind. The author writes in a formal tone, integrating personal opinions about his journey on a 'deeply enjoyable road through to Clitheroe', which keeps the reader engaged and can influence our views to agree with his, in favour of Clitheroe. ...read more.


By applying contrasting adjectives such as 'lonely and rugged' and 'tree-fringed shores...to the lush valleys', the writer depicts how Clitheroe caters for most preferences, be it peace and quiet or scenic views. Additionally, 'rugged and lonely' can be argued to be relatively negative adjectives, creating a sense of isolation and segregation. However, in this context, the article illustrates a place of serenity and nature, making Clitheroe appear unspoilt by industrialism and therefore a welcome change of scene for many readers. Phrases like 'not to mention' teamed with the use of syndetic lists also promotes the diversity of Lancashire and makes the list of positive attributes appear endless, as though there are too many aspects of Clitheroe to list, and this use of hyperbole is effective at persuading and enticing the readers. Moreover, the lexical choices such as 'possesses' and ' flourishing' create a phonaesthetic appeal as the soft tone induces a sense of peace and tranquillity, consolidating the atmosphere and effect of Clitheroe. Both texts have significantly different layouts relative to their discourses. ...read more.


Another important aspect of text 9 is the humour found occasionally within the content. The writer includes comments such as 'down to serious business, like texting.' which can be interpreted as sarcasm to an older audience who more than likely, would not regard texting as a sombre issue of great importance. Furthermore, this use of humour once again creates a favourable response from the reader and ultimately keeps us interested. It can also be argued that such comments would only be appropriate when read in the correct context. This may not appear humorous to a younger generation, who may instead, regard it as quite factual, whereas to a more adult reader the use of sarcasm would be understood and reciprocated. Another difference between both texts is the use of syntax. Text 9 uses many complex sentences with multiple subordinate clauses to incorporate as much information as possible, whilst partitioning the sentences into readable sections. Moreover, declarative sentences reinforce the formal tone and mainly factual nature of the text, as opposed to text 8, which relies on persuasive techniques such as contrasting adjectives, imperatives and personification to advertise Clitheroe in a discrete manner. ...read more.

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