• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider some of the ways Jonathan Swift satirises England of the 1720's.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Consider some of the ways Jonathan Swift satirises England of the 1720's. In this essay, I will be considering some of the ways Jonathan Swift satirises the English society. I will be focusing on the effect of his book 'Gullivers Travels' both when it was written and on a modern day audience. Gullivers Travels was published in 1726. Jonathan Swift caused a huge riot because of the way he wrote the book. Satire is making a mockery of people or a group of people in a sarcastic way. Satire uses a variety of techniques used in satire, including a lot of toilet humour. In Gullivers Travels, the aspects of English Society that are satirised are the monarchy, upper classes, the suspicious nature of the English, and lastly the government. Swift was already angry with the Queen, so what better way to take out his anger than criticising the English society in a sarcastic and amusing way. Travel wirintg was very popular back in the 1700's. There was countless books being published about men and their adventures around the world. ...read more.

Middle

To any normal person, this punishment would seem very hard, but to the Emperor, he feels that he is being lenient. Swift satirises George I through the Lillipution Emperor. It portrays George I to be a very cruel and horrible person. An example to show how the Emperor was obsessed with ceremonies is when he holds the "Leaping and Creeping day" This is when people have to jump over or crawl under a stick that either the Emperor, his first minister or both hold. The three who were best at it would get threads to wear around their waist. Swift is Satirising this aspect of the monarchy by showing that they hold ceremonies for the most ridiculous things. He shows through sarcasm how such petty things do not need ceremonies. Swift hated the way that people were promoted through flattery. In the book, he satirises it by showing some of the ridiculous things people had to do to get promotions. The Lilliputions had to dance on rope which was twelve inches from the ground. ...read more.

Conclusion

Swift satirises long pompous speeches. An example of this is when the emperor of Lilliput talks for two hours long. By the end of the talk, nobody has any idea at all about what the emperor was talking about. "His imperial majesty spoke often to me, and I returned answers, but neither of us could understand a syllable. After about two hours the court retired ..." This quote tells the reader that Gulliver thought that the emperor was ranting on about nothing at all for two hours. This is satirical because he says how people with high authority are allowed to talk about absolutely nothing, and how nobody does anything about it had doesn't ask for them to explain. At the time when Jonathan Swift was writing Gulliver's Travels, England had been involved in war with which lasted from 1702-1713. This war was known as The War of The Spanish Succession. It was also known as Queen Anne's war. The trigger of the war was when King Louis XIV wan to put his grandson on the English throne when the Spanish king died. Spain took this as an insult and the English didn't want this France already had a big population compared to England. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Jonathan Swift section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Jonathan Swift essays

  1. Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'

    Another things is the size of the people. The beginning is very believable, but when he starts to talk about the size of the people that live on the island the reader realises that it is not true. When Gulliver is thrown by the sea on the Lilliputians' island, the

  2. Write and essay on the methods and objectives of Swift's satire.

    Yet in spite of this satire the over-reaching theme of Gulliver's travel's is, what it is to be human. The Lilliputians make a good case for the pettiness of human nature while Pedro de Mendez is a fine example of generosity and fairness.

  1. "The chief object of satire in 'Gulliver's Travels' is Gulliver himself." Discuss.

    The satire in this book is aimed at the Yahoos: Swift uses them as a device to explain how awful the human race really is. The comparisons are individual and in political groups. The comparisons are frequently odious, and in some cases indecent.

  2. Human Nature in Gulliver's Travels

    For example, when the king says he "professed both to abominate and despise all Mystery, Refinement, and Intrigue" or "could not tell what I [Gulliver] meant by Secrets of State" - all habits of the government of England - it is undoubtedly clear that he is criticising it for its tendency to abuse its power.

  1. Consider Swift's presentation of two of the characters in 'Waterland' who you find most ...

    She deals with her inability to have a baby by imagining voices, which sadly marks the complete breakdown of her mind. Her desire to have a baby which was "always there, lurking, latent, ripening like some dormant forgotten seed" is more powerful in her than her real character which is curiosity, boldness and hunger for power and love.

  2. Based On Your Reading Of Gulliver's Travels, To What Extent Do You Agree That ...

    This is satire for the war with France over religion. This could show that Swift is misanthropic because he is only saying how they are against Gulliver not what good things they have done, if any. However this could show that Swift is not misanthropic because they might not have

  1. Satire in Gulliver's Travels

    ?.The Lilliputians are ordered to stand fifty feet away from Gulliver s house, unless they have a license whereby the secretaries of state got considerable fees. It is clear that the main satiric target in the first book is the pride Europeans take in public ceremonies and celebrations of power

  2. "Swift has a very bleak view of human nature." Discuss the ways in which ...

    This once again shocked Gulliver and he soon left Brobdingnag. His ignorance and lack of thought once again is used very deliberately to create the idea of sheer ignorance by humans in general. Gulliver then reaches the land of the Houyhnhnms which is of a utopian status once again.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work