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AS and A Level: War Synoptic Paper

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    Henry V compared to the War Poets. Throughout 'Henry V' there are very strong references to God, sin and salvation. War is viewed as a moral and spiritual means of upholding the status quo.

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    He says he is not interested in gold - he only wants honour and glory for his country. 'But if it be a sin to covet honour, then I am the most offending soul alive.' Henry will not proceed with war unless his decision to fight is justified by the Church. No longer will he be reckless in conflict, as he was in his younger days. Before battle Henry prays; following success he offers thanks. War is viewed as both necessary, justifiable and sanctioned by God. Despite this spiritual view, war is also promoted as a 'game' and a noble adventure, a means to bond with 'dear friends'.

    • Word count: 2188
  2. Free essay

    Explore the ways Peter Whelan presents the complacency of the home front in The Accrington Pals to create dramatic effect. Compare and contrast the ways Birdsong and The Accrington Pals present the complacency of the ho

    This great loss is emphasised in Birdsong after the Battle of the Somme. The death is illustrated to the audience as 'dead towns without their life or purpose, without the sound of fathers and their children....' Whelan also puts across how foolish the home front seemed in the First World War. Many of the soldiers joined up to the army because they would be receiving a decent income; this proved to be a great incentive. In the play the regiment are tracked from England, to Egypt to France.

    • Word count: 1945
  3. Throughout The Things They Carried, OBrien uses many different messages to get his story across. Guilt and blame show up quite often during the book.

    It is like losing a family member, not just a soldier. Many of the soldiers feel guilt after men from their platoon die or when they kill some of the Vietnamese people. Though the soldiers deal with many mental challenges, they continue to push forward in the war and fight for their country. In a sense, they are fighting for the men they have lost. As the leader of the platoon, Lieutenant Jimmy Cross feels like he is the reason for the deaths of the men in his company. He takes blame for the majority of their deaths, because he thinks he has failed the men somehow.

    • Word count: 603
  4. Compare and contrast the theme of idolatry in Pat Barkers Regeneration and R.C Sherriffs Journeys End. How far do you agree that Sherriffs presentation is more believable?

    Sherriff uses the dramatic form in order to contrast [IS1]Raleigh's unblemished youth with Stanhope's troubled persona. Raleigh's "healthy good looks" and new uniform are held in stark contrast with Stanhope's "pallor" and "war-stained" uniform. The similarities between Stanhope, who was a "skipper of rugger" at Raleigh's school, and Raleigh himself, seemingly foreshadow [IS2]Raleigh's eventual fate. Stanhope's significance in Raleigh's life and the extent to which his idolatry of him extends is demonstrated when it is revealed that Raleigh was prompted to sign up to the army because of Stanhope, after seeing him home on leave and observing that "he looked splendid" in his military uniform.

    • Word count: 1704
  5. The Horrors of World War I are unimaginable Compare and contrast the ways in which Pat Barker and R.C Sheriff present the horrors of the first World War

    Due to the fact that R.C Sheriff was an Officer in the war, and was injured at the battle of Passchendaele (1917), the play is made even more intimate and gives a completely different perspective than the novel "Regeneration". The choice of setting of the novel and play are crucial in the way that the horrors of the war are revealed to readers and audiences of the texts. "Regeneration" is set in Craig Lockhart mental hospital in Scotland. Although this is hundreds of miles away from the frontline, Barker is still able to show the trauma and both physical and mostly mental suffering that the war has caused to soldiers.

    • Word count: 2431
  6. Compare ways in which the Characters of Journeys End by R.C. Sherriff and Birdsong by Sebastian Faulks deal with the horrors of Trench Warfare.

    A play deals with the actions and reactions of characters using dialogue and yet a novel can go into the heads of characters, giving the reader an understanding of a person's emotions and feelings through description and narrative. The characters presented in both Journey's End and Birdsong are attempting to avoid and deal with the horrors of trench warfare in many different ways including; drinking, violence, and memories of loved ones and trying to use humour as a way of distancing themselves from the horrors facing them.

    • Word count: 2428
  7. Write a comparison in the ways in which warfare is presented in the novel Strange Meeting and the play Journeys end

    This is also presented by Hill through the characters stream of consciousness, which reveals his feeling of home, that 'He had been unhappy at home'. This is further illustrated through the presentation of the characters relationships with his family as disconnected, as Hill presents an image of Hilliard, as 'He had argued twice, bitterly, with his father.' The war-fare between, him and his father exemplify their conflicting view points and their detached relationship. However Hill's presentation of Hilliard's relationship with his sister, Beth, is closer, as it is declared that 'Beth.

    • Word count: 3015
  8. Discuss the presentation of the effects of war on soldiers in Journeys End and compare with the effects of war on soldiers in Blackadder Goes Forth. How far do you agree that Journeys End presents this theme in

    as well as capturing the hardships of even the bravest and most idolised soldiers (Stanhope). This shows the contrast of the old and young and helps the audience understand that however old or brave or clever the soldiers are, they all go through a terrible ordeal during the war and should be remembered for their bravery and nobility. Moreover, the stage directions in 'Journeys End' also a hint at the purpose of the text for example throughout the text it often says, "There is a pause", between conversations. The pauses are very important as pauses can create a variety of effects, awkwardness, understanding etc.

    • Word count: 1739
  9. Brave New World Essay

    One of the major themes of Brave New World is dehumanisation. Dehumanisation is explored as a threat to individuality and is extended by several negative trends in society. Huxley represents society's apparent lack of morals and corrupt behaviour to consign the future to a non-individualistic, conformist society, a society void of the family unit, religion and human emotions. Sexual promiscuity, over-population, brain-washing and mind altering drugs form the slide by which society descends and help Huxley depict an eroded humanity without unique souls. Of great significance is the loss of human advancement and the inability of any human in contributing new or revolutionary ideas.

    • Word count: 1272
  10. Tim O'Brien's 'The Things They Carried' and Pat Barker's 'Regeneration'. Compare and contrast the ways in which both authors present the futility of war in their text

    of the war had on those who suffered 'without purpose or dignity.[vi]' The fact that Craiglockhart is not a fictional construct; it was a real intuition further serves to make the reader consider 'the sheer extremity... of suffering[vii]' depicted within the novel. Like Vietnam, WW1 was a war fought for uncertain reasons but with certain casualties which were well-documented for the first time as a result of the evolution of mass media. Barker has taken historical figures, conditions and places and has woven them into her novel seamlessly allowing her to explore the transition of Sassoon and Rivers perspectives on the war.

    • Word count: 3720
  11. Air of pessimism present in Waiting for Godot and The Wasteland

    The essence of existentialism, which is most prominent in this play, concentrates on the concept of the individual's freedom of choice, as opposed to the belief that humans are controlled by a pre-existing omnipotent being, such as God. Beckett believes that humans only exist and nothing else. In order for existence to become a life it must have a purpose and Beckett believes humans do not have a purpose. Everything we do is purely to pass the time between birth and death.

    • Word count: 2649
  12. How do RC Sherriff and Susan Hill explore the loss of youthfulness and innocence during war in Journeys End and Strange Meeting?

    As he is not a new officer, we, as the reader, only journey with him on his unstable side, which is made evident, when he loses control in act one, "all of a sudden he jumped up and knocked all the glasses off the table." (WE don't see this - what is the effect of having it reported?) His states of emotions become truly evident when Raleigh joins his battalion. A "keen" schoolboy, full of false expectations, who knows Stanhope o a personal level through his sister who is Stanhope's girlfriend.

    • Word count: 1518
  13. Representation of War in Regeneration and Wilfred Owens Poetry

    The methods of treatment used by Rivers can be described as unmanly, he encourages the men to release their emotions and to discuss their feelings something which is overtly feminine. Emasculation is a real threat at war, but is also a real threat in a war hospital. In a war hospital the patients completely give all their power to the doctors and nurses whom are looking after them. Rivers becomes worried with the powerless nature of the treatment the men receive at Craiglockhart.

    • Word count: 1429
  14. With close analysis of pages 37-39 of Regeneration discuss the presentation of war as a theme, in comparison with poetry of Wilfred Owen.

    of war do not end now he has returned, the post-traumatic stress continues and can be stimulated by the most trivial of experiences, 'smelling of wet wool' is an example of this, obviously the connection has been made with the smell of the khaki in the trenches, this has a chain reaction and also subconsciously Burns finds himself 'tensing' with fear at the contact with others. Pat Barker has represented the theme of war here as a life changing experience, the nightmare for the surviving soldiers is inescapable.

    • Word count: 1221
  15. Looking at pg.45, how does Faulks foreshadow the devastation and horrors of World War One

    "...superfluous decay, the rotting of matter into the turned dug earth with its humid, clinging soil." Which is reality he used to describe the river at the location which they were having a picnic, can be interpreted to describe the conditions in the trenches. The 'superfluous decay' and 'the rotting of matter into the turned and dug earth' can be about the decaying and rotting of the soldiers bodies in the trenches. 'Humid, clinging soil' can also be about the conditions in the trenches, because I know from my own knowledge that trenches were usually really crowded, and it would have been really hot and stuffy for the soldiers at times.

    • Word count: 623
  16. How do the authors present the theme of futility of war in All Quiet on the Western Front and Testament of Youth?

    In the process Kropp gets an earlobe shot off'. Vera Brittain also uses a matter of fact approach in her writing rather than romanticising the injuries she witnessed. It is likely that Remarque's own experiences in the war heavily contributed to this novel; several of his other novels also dealt with the atrocities of the war and its aftermath. Injured by British shell-splinters at Passchendaele, Remarque witnessed first hand the brutality of war and hence this is a key theme throughout the novel.

    • Word count: 1952
  17. Explore the way that Whelan in The Accrington Pals and Manning in her Privates We present the relationships between soldiers and civilians during WW1

    May, though not opposed to the war outright, seems to have been unaffected by the euphoria of the war. Instead, she describes the send-off rather venomously with words such as 'stale beer and smutty songs'. In this same scene ,we are granted an insight into Tom's mind and his reasons for signing up; which would have likely been the reason for many young men, as Ralph seems to prove. He describes signing up as a way to escape from Accrington for something new 'free of here, of this place, of this town'.

    • Word count: 1414
  18. Faulks presents us with a moving series of letters home on the night before the first day of the Somme. Compare these to Roland Brittain's real letters to Vera. Does the fact that Birdsong's letters are fictional make them any less moving or powerful?

    The letters in Birdsong describe their attack as "absolutely thumbs up", "unlikely that [...] the enemy will survive (their) bombardment" and comparing it to "putting on a display like Firework Night". The comparison of their guns to fireworks and the whole event as "absolutely thumbs up" show the reader that their view of the war, and their attack, was definitely positive. The conviction presented in the men's letters is what has the reader empathising with their family. The reader knows these men won't survive and that most of what they're saying is for their families' benefit, this is what helps to make the letters more powerful.

    • Word count: 1089
  19. In the following poem, Laurence Binyon looks back on those soldiers who died for their country during battle. Analyse the poem. What is the poem saying about war?

    We must remember that many women lost husbands, fathers and children in this war, so were left with no-one. So I think that the word desolation is a perfect word to describe how they would be feeling. It also tells the reader that the month is' death august' which could be a form of pathetic fallacy, because august would be a cold, unpleasant time of year where leaves are falling from trees and nature is going into hibernation which could symbolise the death of the men.

    • Word count: 1474
  20. Compare and contrast the ways in which the authors of

    When delving deeper into the content of the poem, it becomes clear that the soldiers have not come out of this catastrophe unmaimed; "the shock and strained" graphically depicts the state of the soldiers minds, and the alliteration used for this puts even more emphasis on the point.

  21. With close reference to three poems, show how Wilfred Owen presents war with truth and compassion.

    Most of the soldiers are "doomed" to die far from home and to lie unrecognisable under No Man's Land earth. The simile in the rhetorical question "What passing bells for those who die as cattle?" depicts a very striking image of the large numbers of deaths in the trenches and battle fields for whom the bells would never stop ringing, if indeed they would be rung. There are no individual feelings as they all die in the same way, like cattle going off to the slaughterhouse.

    • Word count: 1315
  22. How does Faulks presentation of Death and its impact on soldiers influence your understanding of Birdsong?

    Faulks presents the difficulty in creating close relationships with the men, as constant death meant that bonds created could easily be broken. Even though comradeship would have been necessary for the men to begin to cope with the war, Faulks presents through the perspective of Jack Firebrace the notion that he did not, 'want to love one more than the next,' showing the fear men felt that in creating bonds with others, they would be emotionally hurt if they had to endure the loss of their friends.

    • Word count: 1559
  23. Compare the representation of the experience of war and attitudes towards it in Stephen Cranes Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind(TM) and Ronald Blythe(TM)s A Suffolk farmhand at Gallipoli June 19

    This suggests to the reader that the poet is using irony and implies an attitude which is negative of war. The word 'maiden' informs the reader that the poem is addressed to a woman. This makes the title sound like something which might be said to a worried or grieving woman at home in an attempt to comfort. The definition of 'maiden' is a young, unmarried woman and has connotations of innocence and naivety which in this case could be related to naivety about the true nature of war.

    • Word count: 1498
  24. Synoptic Module

    It shows us the sense of melancholy and relief than women felt at this time. This text is typical of the time in which it was written as it does portray to us the loss and emptiness that women felt at this time. It is also typical of the time as women are working with typewriters and this would stereotypically a job that a man would have done but this was not possible as the majority of the men had been lost in the war. The use of the alliteration and repetition in the words 'safe and sat and stared' shows us the plight that the women felt and their emotion at the fact that the war was finally ended.

    • Word count: 1311
  25. War poetry comparison

    Arguably, this misunderstanding about war was most experienced by those at the home front - primarily women. Perhaps this is why much of female poetry of the time, like Brittain's, focuses on the lamentation and emotion associated with war rather than this reality. For these female poets, poetry may act as a diversion away from focussing the reality of war of which they have little experience of. Extract C is indicative of Brittain's attempt to give a voice to the bereaved, by using the loss of her sweetheart as a springboard for this. Much of the poetry written by female poets, such as In Flander's Field by Edith Nesbit focuses on the aftermath of this loss where the fields from "last year" are contrasted to her present, where thousands lie dead.

    • Word count: 1418

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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