• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways is ‘A LittleCloud’ typical of Joyce’s ‘maturity’ stories?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways is 'A Little Cloud' typical of Joyce's 'maturity' stories? Refer to themes, language and setting. 'A Little Cloud' is the first of the 'maturity' stories in Dubliners, preceded by 'Counterparts', 'Clay' and 'A Painful Case'. The story is archetypal of Joyce's style and embraces all the key themes of, class, materialism, escapism and above all the paralysis and struggle of Ireland. The opinion that Ireland is a country lowly in comparison to the rest of Europe is enforced at the beginning of the story when Little Chandler says "it was something to have a friend like [Gallaher]" because he "worked for the London press." The emphasis here is on "the great city of London" and Little Chandler has immeasurable respect for Gallaher as he has escaped the paralysis of Ireland in favour of this thriving city. The environment Chandler lives in is lacklustre and uninspiring, his writing "tiresome" the nurses he sees are "untidy" and the old men dozing on benches are "decrepit". When Little Chandler thinks of his situation in Dublin "a gentle melancholy [takes] possession of him" which he feels "[is] useless to struggle against". In 'A Painful Case' a number of adjectives are used to convey the environment, such as "disused", "sombre" and "shallow". Joyce has subtly emphasised the burden of being a Dubliner and in particular the feeling of restriction which the characters are unwilling to challenge and from which they feel escape would be futile. ...read more.

Middle

The maturity stories all contain the presence of resentment in the main characters at the inevitable situation they have resigned themselves to living in. Joyce conveys Little Chandler's anger with a number of adjectives such as "trembled", "burst", "convulsively" and "a paroxysm of sobbing". His cheeks later "suffuse" with shame which gives way to "tears of remorse" at his failure not only to fulfil his dreams but for the resentment he feels towards his family for thwarting his freedom. In 'Counterparts' there is an established mood of anger with a "bell rung", "a heavy step" and Farrington's "spasms of rage". Joyce uses the symbol of the 'little cloud' as an image of entrapment, not just hope; the little cloud of unhappiness hovering over his marriage to Annie, which restricts him from being the fun-loving bachelor like his idol Gallaher. Joyce incorporates the fantasy and captivation of exoticism and wealth in the 'dark Oriental eyes' of the Rich Jewesses. Similar to fantasies of the East Joyce uses alcoholism as a method of 'escape' from the stifling lives of the Dubliners and this is particularly prominent in 'A Little Cloud'. Gallaher states that he "drinks [his whisky] neat" and that Little Chandler, who drinks very little "doesn't know what's good for [him]". Sobriety is here seen as the reason why Chandler's life is so 'inartistic' and dreary in comparison to Gallaher's. Ireland is belittled and viewed as an engaging absurdity by the English when Gallaher says "they've got a great feeling for Ireland" and the English "were ready to eat [him]" because he was Irish. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 'A Painful Case' Duffy becomes disillusioned with escaping, when "Mrs Sinico caught up his hand passionately" and similarly Little Chandler begins to wildly question "Could [I] go to London?", "[is] it too late?" But Duffy bids his only distraction from the paralysis of Dublin Mrs Sinico, goodbye and is blatantly scared of commitment. The reunion with a conceited Gallaher reminds Little Chandler of what he hasn't achieved and he feels resentment which he thus inflicts on those around him. 'A Little Cloud' is an evident example of Joyce's maturity stories in keeping with the aspect that binds them together, the characters' comprehension that all endeavours to escape are fruitless. Little Chandler and Duffy lacked conviction and ignored the opportunity that was once given to them for escape, something they blame everyone but themselves for. The characters Joyce writes of do not appreciate what they have, mourning instead for what they do not. The Dubliners are, like the city, reluctant to change and yet are embittered by the injustice of their paralysed lives. Duffy does not appreciate until the death of Mrs Sinico, that he will never have a chance of marriage, or to love, through which he could have forgotten the monotony of the city he cannot escape. Congruously, Little Chandler dismisses his family throughout 'A Little Cloud' and when his personal epiphany dawns on him he realises his failure to his family, "his cheeks suffuse with shame" and he cries with "tears of remorse" as much out of guilt at the egocentric way he has behaved, as for his hopeless venture of escape. Pandora Sykes ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level James Joyce section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level James Joyce essays

  1. Depiction of childhood in 'Dubliners'

    She lacks the courage and strength to make that leap that will free her of her oppressive situation, 'now she was about to leave it she did not find it a wholly undesirable life'. She's too scared to leave Ireland, and sees her lover as a possible source of danger: "All the seas of the world tumbled about her heart.

  2. Dubliners, death and paralysis

    love and happiness.A painful case ended where it began with Mr Duffy alone. Corley and Lenehan refuse to grow old in 'Two Gallants', trapped in the paralysis that Joyce saw central to Dublin, therefore this story belongs to the adolscent stories of the Dubliners, even though the two are in their thirties.

  1. Discuss Joyce’s treatment of the theme of paralysis in the stories on childhood in ...

    The word should therefore be used with people; however, Joyce personifies many other parts of life in order to give them paralysis. For example, Dublin, in itself, has its own paralysis. Dublin provides paralysis for many people through many forms.

  2. An analytical study of 'The Pit and The Pendulum', 'An Encounter' and 'The Pedestrian', ...

    This technique paralyses the narrator, who seemingly allows the man to give a discourse in the form of a monologue - mainly due to his apparent inability to interrupt. The politeness evident in the boy's character is in hindsight, far from being useful.

  1. Epiphanies in the maturity section of Dubliners

    While many characters in Dubliners desire something, face obstacles that frustrate them, and ultimately abandon their desires in paralysis, Farrington, in Counterparts sees everything in the world as an obstacle to his comfort and never relents in his vitriol. The tedious work at his office irritates Farrington first, but so does everything he encounters in the story.

  2. Discuss Joyce's treatment of women in Dubliners, Portrait and selected chapters of Ulysses.

    Awareness, when it occurs, is rapidly suppressed. Father Arnell's comment, that 'He came to the woman, the weaker vessel', indicates the roles that the Catholic Church prescribes for men and women. As Henke states: 'In the battle between male and female, Mother Church emerges as a bastion of sexual repression' (P.67).

  1. James Joyce: An Exhaustion at the

    The more of the radiance she received. The more hoots the pupils threw forth. A tribute of howls by the time Joyce was through with sudden strokes of effective hands. M-sis equates with light. No M-sis, a y-intercept with gloom.

  2. Joyce Intended Dubliners to betray the soul of that paralysis which many consider a ...

    Eveline's reluctance about eloping with her lover resonates Joyce?s characters? inabilities of being decisive in life. They are always stuck in this paralysis; be it metaphorically or physically. Friel insinuates a similar notion in Lughnasa; a memory play where memories and recollections are quite personal for the characters at hand.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work