• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Advise the UK government on which primary energy resources would be best to develop over the next 20 years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Dan Grist Advise the UK government on which primary energy resources would be best to develop over the next 20 years. Energy is a fundamental part of our lives; however, can we continue to rely on fossil fuels? By 2030 global energy demand will be 40% higher and there are also growing concerns over increased greenhouse gas emissions and the resultant warming of our planet which causes us to ask questions about whether our current energy supply is truly sustainable. The UK is running out of energy, without massive investment in new power plants there will be regular black outs in 10 years. There are several factors to consider when evaluating different primary energy resources; these include economic, environmental, political and social implications. However, the most important factors to consider would be economic viability (which is particularly significant due to the UK?s current economic situation) and environmental sustainability. In this essay I will be looking at these factors in order to try and come up with the most sensible solution to the growing energy problem in our country and therefore what primary energy resource should be developed to solve it. Natural Gas Natural gas is a major source of electricity generation through the use of gas turbines and steam turbines. ...read more.

Middle

It is a finite stock resource - many oilfields are depleting; meaning production has peaked and prices will rise (price instability). This has also led to searching for unconventional reserves of oil e.g. in the Arctic. There could be 16 billion barrels of oil in Alaska and big oil TNCs are keen to extract it from this fragile wilderness which causes many harsh environmental impacts. The oil industry has a large dependence on politically unstable regions which causes many problems; the recent Arab spring conflict in Libya meant there were no exports of oil from this major producer. As well as creating a lot of CO2 emissions which contributes to global warming a major environmental implication is oil spills; the deep water horizon oil spill disaster caused extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and to the Gulfs fishing and tourism industry. Biofuels Biofuels are crops or organic matter such as agricultural wastes which can be used as fuels. They are defined as renewable because they are based upon plants which have trapped the sun?s energy during photosynthesis and converted it into chemical energy. In the UK it accounts for 0.6% of energy consumption ? there are only a few facilities burning Biofuels such as waste wood products and straw that are already operating. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, much of the UK?s hydropower potential has already been exploited with large scale future development unlikely. I also believe that solar power isn?t the right renewable energy to go for as the UK?s climate is simply not suitable enough for it to have a large impact on our growing energy consumption. Wave and tidal energy does however have large potential in the UK however I am worried that due to its early stage in development it would need massive investment for it to reach its potential; this I believe would not be economically viable in the UK considering our current economic climate. This leaves me with wind power. I believe that this should be the energy resource that should be further developed over the next 20 years for several reasons; it is currently the fastest growing renewable in the UK and there is already heavy government backing to support it. There are little environmental impacts to be considered and with costs falling it is also economically viable. NIMBYISM objections can also be solved with the development of off-shore wind farms further out to sea, for example the world's biggest offshore wind farm off Kent with the 100 turbines being expected to generate enough electricity to power 200,000 homes. The success of this particular development will in my opinion become a catalyst for further development of more wind farms in the UK and will hopefully help solve the growing energy problem in our country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Natural disasters and a lack of resources are the main causes of global poverty. ...

    4 star(s)

    This creates a vicious cycle of poverty which is impossible to get out of, as the children can't afford the Aids drugs to prevent them from suffering from the same fate as their parents, and thus leaving their offspring as child parents.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Examine how and why the Economy of China has changed in the last 30 ...

    3 star(s)

    From 1979, Deng started to set up 5 specialist economic zones (SEZ's) and 14 open cities. These offer reduced restrictions on land labour wages, taxes and planning permission to overseas firms, especially those in high technology industries which has results in the emergence and dominance of economic activity in coastal

  1. Core and periphery of Brazil

    This will benefit the country even further, as its people become wealthier. As well as Germany, the united States have invested too, and S�o Paulo is considered to headquarter more American Companies than any other city outside of the U.S.

  2. Pros and Cons of Tourism in Windsor

    This supports my predictions that Windsor brings more work to the local people. The tourism industry creates many jobs in the local area which is very beneficial to the country as it will improve the standard of living and an increase in work employment. Is your job related to tourism?

  1. The UK travel and tourism industry

    For example, in the airline sector, British Airways is seeking to achieve its ambition of becoming the world's biggest airline by mergers and take-overs with other tour operators, including American Airlines, Qantas and TAT, a French domestic airline. Horizontal integration is also common in the hotels sector, where companies such

  2. Examine the factors influencing China's changing energy mix

    This is because many mines were privately owned and not thoroughly monitored; minors were poorly equipped and untrained. Coal production in 2009 was 3050 million tonnes accounting for 46.89% of the worlds total and Northern China especially shanghai province contains most of the easily accessible coal.

  1. How energy secure are we in the UK?

    This rate of production was able to meet the UK average consumption levels, which is 1.74 million barrels per day. This suggests the UK was energy secure, because it had a readily available supply of energy that was reliable for that year.

  2. Assess the level of energy security in the UK

    for home heating and power generation as it?s a much cleaner source of energy and could help to reduce the air pollution in cities. Up until 1995 the UK imported some natural gas from Holland and Norway which could also be an important connection for the future.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work