• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Changes that have occurred in industry in South Wales since 1800.

Extracts from this document...


Robyn Atkinson 11i Changes that have occurred in industry in South Wales since 1800 The main industries that South Wales were dependent on since 1800 were mainly mining for coal, iron ore and limestone, manufacturing steel and labour. The main areas and ports in South Wales where the main industries were located were Cardiff, Newport, Swansea, Ebbw Vale, Merthyr Tydfil and Port Talbot. Coal was mined locally in valleys in the large area between Ebbw Vale to Swansea. Iron ore was also mined in the area from Ebbw Vale to Aberdare, Limestone was also found and mined locally. The steel industry in South Wales decided to relocate because there was only one coal mine located in Tower Colliery. The only steelworks were located in Port Talbot and Llanwern and it seemed like quite a long way to bring the coal to the steelwork area. The area of South Wales was well equipt with all of the materials needed to produce steel easily, but then the area started to run out of some of the supplies of coal, iron ore and limestone. ...read more.


The steel industry changed in many other ways as well. Electronic Data Interchange, Research & Development and looking after the environment were ways in which the industry changed. Electronic Dat Interchange was when customers had the chance to order directly, delivery time could be estimated and the J-I-T method (just-in-time) started to be used like in Robyn Atkinson 11i Japan. Research & Development meant sharing ideas with customers and testinig and building prototype models for new types of steel or cars. Looking after the environment was done by doing many different things such as; reusing 4 million tonnes of steel per year, recycling iron ore because of its low resources, dust and heat energy being recycled, by making the amount of energy to produce a tonne of steel 25% less in 15 years and by using up derelict and redundant land. The government had also intervened in the industrial location by coming up with finantional aid. ...read more.


One the Bosch site of Miskin in Wales produces a range of advanced compact alternates for the automotive industriy. This was the company's first manufacturing venture in th UK. On the Bosch site in South Wales there are 950 people employed. Robyn Atkinson 11i The Bosch site is located close to the M4 nad railway link. It is also near Cardiff and Manchester airport and Cardiff and Dover seaports. Bosch specialise in making power tools, fuel lamps, domestic appliances, car radios, lawn-mowers and mobile telephones. Still not all areas of South Wales have benfitted from this industry. The narrow, steep-sided valleys of the Rhondda lined with terraced houses have been less attractive to the large new assembly industries. The industries have also taken up large flat sites positioned along the M4 corridor. The valley floors are often too narrow and the landscape is then scarred from years of coal mining and steelworks. An adequate flat site and access to an efficient transport network is essential for modern conponent-based industries this therefore means that uneven industrial developmenyt has meant that some areas have suffered as shown by local options. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Which of the follow below soil would you consider to be acidic or alkaline Activity: * Collect a sample of soil from the school farm * Use pH kit measure pH * Add some lime to soil and measure pH * Note change in pH readings Plant nutrients Soil contains

  2. How and why has the employment structure changed since 1945 within the UK?

    In farming, a bad year can cause the crop to die and so no profit will be made where as within retailing such as superstores, they make maximum profit year in, year out. Industries such as tourism and leisure have developed significantly since 1945 as people have higher disposable incomes and therefore spend more money within this sector.

  1. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    The transportation of this bulky, heavy raw material was not only difficult, due to the long, uphill route, but also very expensive, and this cost began to kill the industry in the northern steel towns. For this reason, by the end of the 18th century, many of the iron and steel industries had moved locations to the South Wales coast.

  2. What are the main characteristics of high-tech (high technology) industry? (b) Describe and explain ...

    They work 81/2 hour shifts from either 9.30 p.m.-6 a.m. or 4.30 p.m.-2.30 a.m. It was suggested that this work was just exploiting young English-speaking Indians who have an undergraduate degree but nowhere to go. Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi receive 200,000 ICT graduates each year which is beneficial in terms

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    One major benefit of CIM is the reduction of cost; or rather the reduction in the amount of wasted work. Pioneer Magnetics approach was to look at the non-value-added activities of their business and see if they are worth the cost of doing.

  2. To what extent was the iron industry 'transformed' between 1750-1830?

    It provided the power for blowing the blast furnaces, the mechanical power for forging and was applied in the production of both cast and wrought iron. Unlike Derby's innovation, the steam engine had "an immense and immediate" impact on the iron industry.

  1. Industrial America: The American Steel Industry to the early 1970s

    for tinplate and also very significant amounts were demanded by the transport industries. Organisation of the industry: At the turn of the century, there was much horizontal integration and merger activity reflecting, amongst other things, a desire to reduce competition and to increase the scale of enterprises.

  2. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    The subsequent actions taken by the defendants, i.e. pursuing the development, manufacturing and selling of the trailing axles, can be used as evidence to prove their intent (or lack thereof). * Breach of contract: An important consideration from Longe Industries' point of view would be whether both fraud and breach of contract could apply in the same situation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work