• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Changes to the UK population. Changes to the population age structure in the UK have been caused by social and economic factors. The social factors affecting the population age include healthcare, lifestyle, education and migration.

Extracts from this document...


Changes to the population age structure in the UK have been caused by social and economic factors. The social factors affecting the population age include healthcare, lifestyle, education and migration. The National Health Service was established in 1948, the NHS offer free healthcare to everybody, this service includes an accident and emergency department and vaccinations against serious diseases. The availability of healthcare to more people has increased life expectancy. The changes that UK citizens have made to their lifestyle has also increased their life expectancy. The government now make sure that they advertise the risks associated with alcohol, cigarettes and certain types of food. The EU health and safety laws also regulate most hazardous aspects of people's lives; seat belts must be worn, restaurants must be hygienic and buildings must have fire exits. ...read more.


In 1980 the AIDS awareness campaign resulted in condoms becoming more widely available, they are free in most pharmacies in the UK. The status of women in society is another reason why birth rates have fallen. The suffragette movement in the early 20th century led to changes in the attitude of women, giving them more freedom. This caused a reduction in the birth rate as women felt free to peruse their own careers and delay having children, or having fewer children. The average age at which women want to start a family is now 30. The UK population age structure has also been affected by economic factors; the cost of living and global conflict/connections have been the most significant. ...read more.


Britain has just come out of a recession and there is less money to spend with local governments and in the private sector. There is a degree of insecurity in many families as to spending their cash seeing as many jobs are at risk. This has caused families to think more carefully when planning their families. The age discrimination bill means that people can now work at an older age, this takes advantage of the elderly population and leaves less people reliant on the government. To conclude, people are now living longer; there is a reduction is birth rates and an increase in life expectancy in the UK due to a number of factors. This means that that the UK now has an elderly population. 10 (b) Explain how social and economic factors have led to changes in the UK's population age structure. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    pebbles 'bounce' along the bed Erosion: Break down in size Flooding Heavy precipitation - Raises water levels in the river, then the ground becomes saturated, and so there is run off directly into the river, causing flash floods Compacted soil - This is impermeable, as it sun baked soil, or

  2. Discuss the factors affecting fertility and mortality.

    Concepts of marriage vary between cultural groups. In some places polygamy is practiced and this adds to levels of fertility. In areas such as India and Iran (until recently) where the average age for girls to marry has traditionally been sixteen or younger, large families are predominant as women generally have their first child before the age of eighteen.

  1. Labor Migration - Politics and Governance

    the Philippines are gradually recognizing the importance of caring for the families of migrants and responding positively to ECMI's insistence to establish Diocesan and Parochial Migration Desks. Although ECMI is aware that "man has the right to leave his native land for various reasons ...

  2. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    The following key points cross-cut the proposed conceptual framework on the implications of HIV/AIDS for rural development policy and programming: 1. The causes and consequences of the HIV epidemic are closely associated with wider challenges to development, such as poverty, food and livelihood insecurity, gender inequality.

  1. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    Rubane 131 211 11 Ballygalget 98 194 12 Ballycrambeg 81 179 13 Glastry 76 166 14 Ballyboley 59 155 15 Ebenezer 58 145 16 Cardy 56 137 17 Ballyeasborough 54 129 18 Peeltown 52 122 19 Ballyigan 44 116 20 Ardkeen 32 111 21 Cookstown 26 106 22 Ballyblack 24

  2. Theories of population.

    Boserup. E (1976 in Crook. N 1997) states that fast improvement of techniques and scientific knowledge may be an efficient solution of food production. Simon. J (1977) argues that despite the population growth have some negative effects on economy and standard of living in the short run, but in the very long term the population growth is

  1. Identify the main migration strategies underlying rural-urban population movements in the Third World, and ...

    their relative poverty, in terms of personal income, duration of employment and collective consumption of services, as compared to their urban counterparts. The fact that the vast majority of urbanites still live in very desperate conditions gives much insight into the squalor and poverty of life in the Third World.

  2. How does lifestyle contribute to stress? Evaluate recent cross-cultural research.

    but in most cases the release of adrenaline and cortisol is not necessary and unutilised free fatty acids can cause cardiovascular problems (Panter-Brick lecture notes 2001). Today's lifestyles create stressful situations but are reacted to physiologically in ways that fit a different lifestyle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work