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Describe and explain the Demographic Transitional model (D.T) phases. Critically examine the claim that the D.T theory is of limited use when studying the population change in the developing world.

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Introduction

Describe and explain the Demographic Transitional model (D.T) phases. Critically examine the claim that the D.T theory is of limited use when studying the population change in the developing world. The Demographic Transitional model or D.T describes the pattern of population growth that a country goes through to develop. The population of countries changes over four stages of the demographic Transitional model. The D. model is split into four stages. Stage 1 is known as high fluctuating, stage 2 is known as early expanding. Stage 3 is known as late expanding and stage 4 is known as low fluctuating. Stage 5 has been added recently to show the population decline in some More Economically Developed Counties (MEDC's) such as Germany and Switzerland. Stage one of the D.T model is known as high fluctuating. This is because the high birth rates and death rates fluctuate at a high level (about 35 per 1000), which cancel each other. By this the population remains stable and low. Birth rates are high because: No birth control or family planning. So many children die in infancy that parents tend to produce more in the hope that several will live Many children are needed to work on the land. ...read more.

Middle

It therefore, remained a poor country, which could hardily feed its self. The D.T model would be of little use here, as the rulers do not wish for the country to develop therefore, the country will not persist to the next level of development. Today's MEDC's have government incentives which promote the use of contraception and families planning. This is not the case for LEDC's (Less Economically Developed Countries) as their religion differ from Christianity. The main religions are Hinduism, Buddhists and Muslims. All religions forbid the use of contraception. They believe strongly in fate and what will be will be. It is up to God whether or not a woman will become pregnant and that we should not tamper with this. Here, the D.T model would prove to be of little value as the population would not change and the country would not follow the pattern already set out be the Developed County's. In the developing world, countries such as India, there is a general desire for a large family, the need for labour to work in the fields and in local small-scale industries and also the need for enough to survive into adult life to support parents in their old age. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany's population growth rate begins to decrease after the War as so many young men from the reproductive sector had been killed. The war was followed by economic uncertainties in the 1920's as the depression from America spread. This made couples anxious about having children, as at the time, they could not afford to feed and cloth them. Many Germans emigrated abroad to Latin America and the United Kingdom. Thus, birth rates fell in the inter war period despite some limited recovery towards the end of the 1930's. When the Nazis came to power, it encouraged the population to increase as part of its expansion policies. The, came the Second World War where Germany lost nearly 3 million people. Most of them from the reproductive sector of the population. There was, however, a short rise in the birth rates as the men returned from War to their families and those refugees, which entered the country. The population further decreased as the east of Germany was taken over by the Communist regime. The population then rose in this period of 1945-1960 from 42 million to 55 million. 1 Child mortality - The number of babies bore alive who die before their 1st birthday per 1000 of the population. Rhodri Waters 12D 1 ...read more.

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