• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In the British Isles Coastal Areas Have Always Attracted Settlement.

Extracts from this document...


In the British Isles coastal areas have always attracted settlement. People come for a holiday or they might have a second home by the sea. Many retired people also live near the sea, seeking a quiet and refreshing place to spend the rest of their lives. Tourism has also spread up the coastline bringing more people and so more resources have been set up to accommodate them. Pathways have been built along the coast to bring easy access to the tourists. However, along Britain's coasts, erosion is taking place which potentially destroys cliffs, houses and moves beaches. Coasts are managed to keep the sea out and to keep the beach in. In 1990, Mappleton was under threat from losing 30 houses along the coast of Holderness. Its main road would've disappeared into the sea and would be very expensive to rebuild. So, a coastal management scheme was set up. Blocks of granite were imported from Norway so two groynes could be built. This would trap the beach sediment that is being eroded away due to longshore drift. This would then absorb some of the energy from the waves so less energy would be directed on the cliff's side. ...read more.


In Scarborough, there are sandy beaches on either side of the headland, both of which tourists visit. Behind the beach there is a promenade and kiosks selling drinks, ice cream and other beach necessities. They already have a large sea wall, which runs the full length of the bay. In 1993 a famous hotel collapsed as the cliff beneath it gave way. The sea wall has proved being very effective here in Scarborough and no other method of coastal management has yet been advised. Dawlish Warren has a sandspit, which is used for nature reserves and as a nice place to walk upon. A sea wall at the southern end of the spit protects the railway from falling to it the sea. The chalk cliffs are being battered by corrasion and are forming caves and stacks which weaken the cliff and it eventually falls down. A breakwater reduces the energy from the waves and ensures less energy hitting the cliffs therefore less erosion. A wave-cut platform is visible at low tide, that much of the cliffs have been eroded already. ...read more.


Not because they are less expensive, in the contrary they are more efficient. These all absorb most of the waves energy and this prevents excess erosion. The gabions, stones in wire brackets, and the concrete revetment are ugly and will cause people not to come to your beach rather than to come. The beach nourishment hasn't been performed by any of the examples mentioned and this is because it is only useful in the short term, not in the long term. Once you add more sand the wind or sea will take it away again. Coastal management is important especially if someone's home or job is at risk. If tourism is the only means of income in the town then saving the beach would be appropriate. However, if you interfere in nature something will always happen to get back at what you did. With the groynes, they will be stopping all the sediment going further down the coast, and they will be experiencing extra erosion because the waves won't have anything to absorb the energy. It is best to do nothing, just have a beach that will absorb the energy. Care will have to be taken in storms, however not very many people can interfere with nature and get away with it! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Coastal Landforms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Coastal Landforms essays

  1. "An investigation into the methods of coastal management along Brighton's Coastline and the reasons ...

    Our intentions were to find out which side of the beach was more sheltered - the east or the west. The beach profiles had the purpose of being basic reports of the physical properties of the beach. This could then perhaps be used in combination with the groyne measurements for a more detailed nearby into Brighton and its coast.

  2. Is Dawlish Warren is threaten by human impacts and marine processes.

    Birds that do not have enough energy through lack of sleep or food will die on the journey to Dawlish Warren, birds that do not get enough sleep or food while they are at Dawlish Warren will most probably die on the journey back home.

  1. Swanage and Coastal Erosion

    of Sun and Moon are in line and produce a high spring tide. When the Sun and Moon are at right angles, lower neap tides occur. When there are high tides there is a much more likely chance of coastal erosion.

  2. The Holderness Coast

    The picture to the left is what the coastal defences at Hornsea look similar too Wooden groynes are also along the beach to prevent longshore drift and also act as a windbreaker. When the sea wall comes to an end, the coastline drops back slightly and rip rap is placed along that stretch of coastline to protect it.

  1. Herne Bay is situated along the stretch of the North Kent coast in Southeast. ...

    Kent Geology Fig 1.2 This is a map of Kent's Geology, it shows each geological section of Kent. Aim: I aim to answer the question how and why do cliff and beach profiles vary along the Herne Bay coast? I aim to compare two sites one protected and the other

  2. In my studies I will try and determine how and why management strategies have ...

    Problems Until world governments fully recognise Global Warming and the Greenhouse effect, realising that measures must be taken now in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, which causes heat from sunlight to become trapped within the earth's atmosphere, no relief is possible and regression impossible.

  1. Investigate the effects of costal processes on Porlock Bay in Somerset and also to ...

    Data Representing Gore Point Facet 1 - Length - 12.96 metres - Gradient +4 Facet 2 - Length - 4.18 metres - Gradient -13 Facet 3 - Length - 4.35 metres - Gradient -5 Facet 4 - Length - 4.75 metres - Gradient -15 Facet 5 - Length - 5.42

  2. Is it the physical landscape that attracts tourists to Swanage and Studland?"

    This is repeated and the cliff retreats landwards leaving a gentle sloping wave cut platform. The platform cuts across no matter what type or structure the cliffs have. Some pools may form where solution occurs on dissolvable and if there's a crack in the rock.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work