• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Managing Population Growth. The History of Singapores Child Policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The History of Singapore's Child Policy Singapore is one of the most developed countries in Asia. Like the highest developed countries Singapore has the problem of a low birthrate. In 2011 the Birthrate was 8.5 babies per 1000 people a year. In a ranked order is this value the sixth worst in the world. Only Germany (8.3, rank 218), Hong Kong (7.49, rank 219) and Japan (7.31, rank 220) are countries with a similar economic power, that are worse in this statistic. But other than these countries is this low birthrate more or less Singapore's own mistake. In the following I will give an historical background to the population changes and especially to the birth rate. Furthermore I will analyze how successful the "stop at two" child policy and the "have three or more if you can" policy was or are. After the Second World War, the birth rate of Singapore increased, like in nearly other country. ...read more.

Middle

The growth rate from 1957 to 1970 was 90.8%. The Singapore Government had to react in the late 1960s because Singapore was close to the both last steps of the demographic transition. The Government started the two Child policies. They used drastic methods to achieve their aim to reduce effective the birth rate. In the year 1970 they legalised abortion and sterilisation. Women with more than two children were urged to get sterilised after their second. Women with a low education were a payment offered to get "voluntary" sterilised. Furthermore the government increased the costs of having a third baby. This policy didn't allowed many women to have a third child and so the birth rate decreased. And so the growth rate from 1970-1980 falls to 13.3%. The Government of Singapore realized in 1986 that the fall of the birthrate causes serious problem for the future of the country. So they started the try to reverse their old policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their increased the growth of the population but not as high as they wanted to. In my opinion that's the result of the too aggressive policy in the 1960s and 1970s. With less high rewards for not getting a third child the problem of the low birth rate would never exist. Instead of spending less in the past, the government spent high amounts to families for getting no third child and now they have to spend again high amount of money to fix their own misjudgement and mistakes. For me the main mistakes of the Singapore Government was too much short view thinking. They wanted Singapore to be seen as soon as possible as a high developed country, with a low birth rate and a low mortality rate. This aim is achieved but they have no the problems of a too low birth rate and like all other countries with this problem they have no sensible solution to fix it. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    People use more water too, so the water table decreases and nearby streams and rivers have lower water levels. However, there is a greater flooding risk because through drainage systems and increased surface run off then the water reaches the rivers faster. Rivers, Lakes and that sort of stuff (water!)

  2. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    Once this state would be better, land there would be expensive because it's very close to the CBD, where mostly all the services are located. There would also be a decrease in the crime rate because the change of state would make the docklands seem very posh and the crime

  1. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    then the population of the settlement ranked second (n=2), then using the Rank Size Rule ( ) the population of the settlement ranked second should be 2 million, one half the size of the largest settlement. Another example would be for the fourth largest settlement.

  2. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    If appropriate, regional inequality will also be assessed. This will be interesting as it may show how the rise and fall of different goods can cause regional disparities. The situation of the peasant that resulted from the Maoist development paradigm is a tricky subject.

  1. POPULATION GROWTH - China

    autonomous prefecture with Tibetans and Kazakh in Tsinghai, and several autonomous counties in the western area of the Northeast. Some of them retain their tribal divisions and are pastoralists, but large numbers of Mongolians engage in sedentary agriculture, and some of them combine the growing of crops with herding.

  2. China's One Child Policy - Success or Failure?

    Despite these horrific stories, the enforcement of the policy does vary greatly from place to place, so these stories cannot be generalised to the whole of China. Some provinces contain families with four or five children and can get away with it because the policy is either ignored or the fines can be easily paid.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work