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Managing Population Growth. The History of Singapores Child Policy

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Introduction

The History of Singapore's Child Policy Singapore is one of the most developed countries in Asia. Like the highest developed countries Singapore has the problem of a low birthrate. In 2011 the Birthrate was 8.5 babies per 1000 people a year. In a ranked order is this value the sixth worst in the world. Only Germany (8.3, rank 218), Hong Kong (7.49, rank 219) and Japan (7.31, rank 220) are countries with a similar economic power, that are worse in this statistic. But other than these countries is this low birthrate more or less Singapore's own mistake. In the following I will give an historical background to the population changes and especially to the birth rate. Furthermore I will analyze how successful the "stop at two" child policy and the "have three or more if you can" policy was or are. After the Second World War, the birth rate of Singapore increased, like in nearly other country. ...read more.

Middle

The growth rate from 1957 to 1970 was 90.8%. The Singapore Government had to react in the late 1960s because Singapore was close to the both last steps of the demographic transition. The Government started the two Child policies. They used drastic methods to achieve their aim to reduce effective the birth rate. In the year 1970 they legalised abortion and sterilisation. Women with more than two children were urged to get sterilised after their second. Women with a low education were a payment offered to get "voluntary" sterilised. Furthermore the government increased the costs of having a third baby. This policy didn't allowed many women to have a third child and so the birth rate decreased. And so the growth rate from 1970-1980 falls to 13.3%. The Government of Singapore realized in 1986 that the fall of the birthrate causes serious problem for the future of the country. So they started the try to reverse their old policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their increased the growth of the population but not as high as they wanted to. In my opinion that's the result of the too aggressive policy in the 1960s and 1970s. With less high rewards for not getting a third child the problem of the low birth rate would never exist. Instead of spending less in the past, the government spent high amounts to families for getting no third child and now they have to spend again high amount of money to fix their own misjudgement and mistakes. For me the main mistakes of the Singapore Government was too much short view thinking. They wanted Singapore to be seen as soon as possible as a high developed country, with a low birth rate and a low mortality rate. This aim is achieved but they have no the problems of a too low birth rate and like all other countries with this problem they have no sensible solution to fix it. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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