• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Natural Resource Use: Related Economic, Political, Environmental and Social Issues

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Natural Resource Use: Related Economic, Political, Environmental and Social Issues There is a range of issues related to use of natural resources. These issues include political, environmental, social and economic. Issues that arise from the use of natural resources can have negative or positive consequences depending on the methods of production and/or consumption. Political Issues: Whilst not always the most obvious issue related to the production and/ or consumption of natural resources, political consequences can be large when issues of responsibility or ownership or differing views held by political parties or groups are risen. As seen in the Kyoto Protocol, which was created to encourage countries to reduce the amount of greenhouse emissions. The world has witnessed much debate over the ownership and responsibility of these emissions. Greenhouse emissions are created as a result of the burning or combustion of fossil fuels such as coal and oil used in the production of electrical energy. In March 2001, President George Bush of the United States of America (contributor of one quarter of the world's greenhouse gases) declared that he was "opposed to the Kyoto Protocol" because "it exempts 80 per cent of the world, including major population centres such as China and India, from compliance, and would cause serious harm to the US economy." However the "population centres" that are referred to contribute insignificantly to total greenhouse emissions. ...read more.

Middle

Conversely the Mirrar people of the Kakadu region in the Northern Territory of Australia have managed to surmount uranium mining at the Jabiluka site. They believe the mine is a direct threat to their cultural beliefs. Energy Resources Australia LTD (ERA) sees the uranium deposit at Jabiluka as an opportunity to increase production of uranium and take advantage of world demand. The company has estimated the mine will be worth $6.2 billion to the Australian economy. Yvonne Margarula, Mirrar Senior Traditional owner has headed protests into mining at Jabiluka and has recently defeated ERA and the Australia government by stoping mining at the site. As of April 2003 a "peaceful blockade" of the mine has been placed with backfilling of the Jabiluka decline commencing in August that year. Environmental Issues: The most obvious issue that arrises from the use of natural resources is the environmental one. Clearly any resource extraction and/or use will in some way effect the environment, generally in a negative way. As demonstrated in the case of the illegal logging of equatorial rainforests in Indonesian Borneo, the island, once known as the lungs of Asia, has been brought to the brink of an ecological disaster. Not only has 95 percent of the forest legally set aside for logging been cleared but also nearly 60 percent of protected national parkland has been illegally logged as of September 2004. ...read more.

Conclusion

South Korea centred its efforts on the growth of its nuclear program and as a result rebounded remarkably quickly from the recession. Although there has been much pressure for South Korea to become more environmentally friendly, South Korea has future plans to emphasize the development of more nuclear power with the addition of a dozen more nuclear plants by 2015. With these trends proposed to continue through the next decade it is clear that South Korea has become economically dependant upon nuclear power. While South Korea plans to further develop its nuclear program, some European countries such as Italy and Sweden have chosen to decrease their uses of nuclear power for environmental reasons. In 1997, 46% of Sweden's power was provided by nuclear energy, down from 52% the previous year. While Italy has ceased producing nuclear power in 1987 with the decision costing them over US$6.8 billion in cost for the decommissioning of old reactors. Conclusion: The production and/or consumption of natural resources can have varies effects. In some instances they can be beneficial to the local inhabitants or a countries population while in others the environments or indigenous community can suffer greatly. As demonstrated there are issues across the globe that have been raised as a result of the use of natural resources; political, economic, environmental and social. Thus any decision related to the use of a natural resource should be made equally and fairly based on these issues. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Contemporary issue assignment

    In the construction process trees and shrubs are cut down and coastal vegetation is removed. Exotic ornamental and fast growing species are imported to replace the vegetation removed and for new resort gardens. The introduction of exotic species not only reduces the ability of the island to recover to its

  2. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    Nitrogen is the building block of many complex molecules formed by plants and animals; some examples are amino acids, proteins, and nucleic acids used in DNA. Most of the world's nitrogen is located in the atmosphere as N2 gas. Still, atmospheric nitrogen is unuseful to the plants.

  1. Natural resources and growth. Although, natural resources influence economic growth, but the relation between ...

    We can put blame the OPEC policies, and the oilmen, or politicians will not solving the problem. We can not turn back the clock, but we can take serious steps towards employing promising, abundant, and clean energy sources such as Solar and Wind.

  2. It has been suggested that nuclear and/or wind power will fill the gap left ...

    It's thought that less emissions is produced when using nuclear compared to wind power, hydro and even solar energy. However, the main worry in terms of using nuclear is that of the safety. The main concern is the toxic waste which is produced.

  1. What Are the Effects of Rapid, Large-scale Clearance of Tropical Rainforests?

    Brazilian Government minister's point of view, an Indians response to the minister, why do attitudes differ so much? Deforestation is when human activity e.g. logging. Leads to vast areas or rainforest being totally destroyed. Large trees are cut down and the habitat of other plants and animals is altered.

  2. Waste Management Practices in the United Kingdom

    Why do we manage waste? The vast amounts of waste that are produced have led to controls and management of waste to be created, to prevent a build up rubbish. The last 25 years have led to further investment in management of waste, in the light that if nothing is

  1. Environmental issues and economics

    is to draw it on a diagram of the production possibility curve/ frontier to comprehend a range at which there can be production and environmental protection. At point Y - Maximum production and worst environmental conditions. At point Z - Environment is perfect but there is no production at all.

  2. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    As I previously mentioned, it raises the employment levels, improves the residential areas, and brings many other different facilities that can be used by children and the elderly. The council is the main stakeholder as they give permission on what the developers can and cannot do.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work