• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Notes on Managing Climate Change.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Managing Climate Change Adaptive Capacity: the extent to which a system can cope with climate change. In human systems it depends on available human physical and financial resources. Climate vulnerability: the degree to which a natural or human system lack the ability to cope with climate change. Vulnerability is a result of the magnitude of the change, its speed of onset, the sensitivity of the system and its adaptive capacity. Mitigation or adaptation? Mitigation mean reducing the output of greenhouse gases and increasing the size of greenhouse gas sinks. I.e. targets to reduce emissions, switching to renewable energy sources, capturing carbon emissions from power stations and storing them. Adaptation means changing the lifestyles to cope with new environment rather than trying to stop climate change. I.e. managed retreats of coastlines vulnerable to sea level rise, developing drought resistant crops, enlarge conservation areas to allow shifting of habitat zones. > For human systems i.e. ...read more.

Middle

This is because of factors such as: > Moral and public pressure to protect and not destroy the environment > Fears about energy supply > Increased moves by governments towards taxing carbon emissions > Demands from investors, such as pensions funds, for companies to become environment sound > Renewable energy, hybrid cars and energy efficient appliance, which represent new markets The stern review concluded that it was more sensible to invest in mitigation today than 'do nothing' and face the costs of at least 5% and possibly 20% if global annual GDP. MITIGATION COSTS (PREVENTING CLIMATE CHANGE NOW) 'DO NOTHING' COSTS (COPING WITH CLIMATE CHANGE FOR THE FUTURE) IMPLEMENTING ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGY INCREASED COST OF FARMING AND FOOD SWITCHING TO RE-NEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES, WIND, SOLAR, BIOMASS MIGRATION, AND DEALING WITH ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGES INVESTING IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TO REDUCE CAR USE AND INVESTING IN LOW-EMISSION TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY INCREASE AID IF CLIMATE DAMAGES FOOD SECURITY TAXES ON CARBON EMISSIONS FOR BUSINESSES & INDIVIDUALS INCREASED HEALTHCARE COSTS; DEALING WITH SPREADING DISEASE COSTS SUCH AS MALARIA CAPTURING AND ...read more.

Conclusion

* Buying locally produced food * Switching your energy supplier to one using renewable sources * Energy efficiency in the home, such as using energy efficient light bulbs. Switching every light bulb in London to energy efficient ones would save 575,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions every year. However issues with it are, that asking everyone to reduce their emissions, while some people may have already low carbon footprint than the average. Millions of people in the developing world do not consume enough to have even a reasonable quality of life - would they need to consume more rather than fewer? This has led to the contraction and convergence model - allows poorer countries to increase their emissions, while developed countries reduce theirs. Advantages of this model include: > Allowing countries such as china and india to continue to develop and perhaps overcome their objections to limiting their own emissions > Implies that resources need to be shared out more fairly. > Recognises that over-consuming nations need to reduce their footprints. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Managing change by managing risk

    One meaning of "managing change" refers to the making of changes in a planned and managed or systematic fashion. The aim is to more effectively implement new methods and systems in an ongoing organization. The changes to be managed lie within and are controlled by the organization.

  2. Free essay

    Theory of Climate change

    the population growth and change that occurred in the 20th century is unprecedented. By the year 2000, the Chinese population is officially projected to top the 1.3 billion mark. About two-thirds of this 900 million increase was added within the last 50 years, as mortality was reduced amid high fertility rates.

  1. Global Climate Change and Climate Protection: Current Summary

    These excess gases capture heat from the sun and cause global warming, increase air pollution, induce glacial and iceberg melting, sea level rising, unstable and more extreme and long-lived weather conditions, and shifting, prolonging and intensifying floods, droughts, hurricanes and El Ni´┐Żo episodes.

  2. Virgin Atlantic Sustainable Development Global Warming

    This would not only allow for the 'Continuous Descent Approach' to be implemented but also optimise all air crafts flight plans and consequently decrease the environmental impact of aviation. (World Bank Research Observer 2000) 3.3.3 Carbon Offsetting As part of their sustainable aviation strategy, Virgin Atlantic will be introducing a

  1. Cooperatives and small-scale enterprises in solid waste re-use and recycling.

    more recycling, now 200,000 households out of a total 1.5 million in the city are serviced with a weekly collection of paper, plastics, bottles, cans, metals, car parts and batteries. A total of 572 middle dealers and 2000 itinerant waste buyers and employees have joined the cooperatives.

  2. Water - notes on problems and politics of watere supply in the world.

    Where is all the water? 97.5% = Ocean water 2.5% = Fresh water 0.4% = Surface & Atmospheric water Groundwater: > Most rainfall soaks into soil, some further into he ground (infiltration) Trickles downwards into rocks and becomes groundwater. > Groundwater is vital in supporting wetlands and stream flows.

  1. Climate Change, sea level rises and engineering Hull for the future. In areas ...

    Another example is Pollen analysis where species have particular climatic requirements which influence their geographical distributions." Each plant species has a distinctively shaped pollen grain and if these fall in to oxygen free environments, such as peat bogs, they resist decay"(Redfern D, Skinner M, 2003, Advanced Geography, Chapter 9, Oxfordshire,p202-203).

  2. Climate change

    Germany, Denmark, the US, Italy, Spain, China and India all have more wind capacity than us. Canada, France and Portugal are at about the same level or slightly less but, last year, they all grew faster than us. * When heat and transport energy is included, the UK ranks near the bottom of the EU league table for renewables development.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work