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People who live in cities experience the same problems irrespective of location. How far do you agree with this statement?

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Introduction

People who live in cities experience the same problems irrespective of location. how far do you agree with this statement. In the 1900s only one in ten people lived in cities, by 1994 this figure had grown to one of every two people which thus created a megalopolies of millions inhabitants; we are now in the state where 400 cities have a population of more than one million people. This recent phenomena in urban areas, has caused many problems and is inevitable to create many more in the future. Urbanisation itself is a global occurrence, which can be seen to many as a problem to the area; it is an unchecked process, that is nearly impossible to 'keep a lid on' - with now over half the population living in an urban area. The two main causes of the urbanisation process are due to natural population growth and migration into urban areas from rural areas. These cause several different problems including things like housing deprivation, waste pollution, transport - arguably a loss of jobs and many others that manifest themselves from this process. This statement is true on a micro scale, if we compare two different areas of London, for example, they would hold similar problems - with a change in the location. ...read more.

Middle

This shows that the problems faced in one city, transfers to many cities around the world - nevertheless these problems are not completely identical with different ranges and scales of the problems e.g. the Biejing and Lagos traffic jams, are less than ones within London. Housing deprivation is also seen as a very large problem to many cities around the world. As the population increases, the need for housing increases; however, there comes a time when there just isn't enough space for cities to adapt to the through flowing influx of migrants and citizens to the urban area. Lagos, Nigeria, is home to this problem with of their citizens unable to afford the housing (due to lack of well paid employment, another problem caused in major cities) but also the lack of housing within the area - which has led to a large number of people living in make shift houses or 'slums', which gives Lagos the nickname "mega-city of slums". This crime ridden, city is reliant on these slums - without them then one of the most increasingly populated cities will be in further chaos, with around 15 million inhabitants, it is believed to increase to 25 million by 2015 (and believed Lagos will have the same population as the East coast of America by 2020) ...read more.

Conclusion

London, also have a large amounts of congestion within their CBD and more central areas - the government came up with the congestion charge scheme, which effectively charges people eight pounds a day to travel within the city centre. Another city which faces transport problems is Curitiba, a city that is regarded as 'environmentally friendly', which homes 3 million people, the council have developed a bus service which now reduces a large amount of traffic on the roads which takes 2 million passengers a day. This shows that the statement above can be generalised in a broad sense that many cities face similar problems regardless of their location. Throughout this essay I have looked at a variety of cities from around the world and a range of problems that have occurred within these cities. Cities in general do face similar problems, be it transport, housing, pollution, employment and waste - they will have similar problems, as it is almost impossible to create a perfect city. However, there is idea of relativism, which comes into the problems within cities - as the problems set within cities vary depending on a variety of characteristics i.e. political stability, financial stability etc. This is why I personally agree to some extent with this statement, as an umbrella term, as I believe that cities do follow a similar pattern of problems. ...read more.

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