• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political & Economic & Environmental Aspects of the Kyoto Protocol - The issue of global warming and the Kyoto Protocol is a topic highly charged debate.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Political & Economic & Environmental Aspects of the Kyoto Protocol The issue of global warming and the Kyoto Protocol is a topic highly charged debate. Australia's involvement with the Kyoto Protocol affects the economic and political aspects of our country. These will be discussed further in this report. The Framework Convention on Climate Change, instigated by the United Nations, was held in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997. More than 2,200 delegates from 161 nations took part in this summit to help forge an international treaty now known as the Kyoto Protocol. It encompasses counties all over the world but mainly the Asia-Pacific region. The objective of the Kyoto climate-change conference was to establish a legally binding international agreement, where all the participating nations commit themselves to tackling the issue of global warming and reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GGE's). The target agreed upon at the summit was an average reduction of 5% on 1990 levels by the year 2012 (1). ...read more.

Middle

'Bush has no interest in pursuing the Kyoto Protocol', declared the US Environment Protection Agency chief, Christine Whitman (3). Within a few weeks, Australia also showed their desire to jump ship. Australia's Minister for the Environment, Senator Robert Hill said, 'We've always said we wouldn't ratify the Kyoto Protocol ahead of the US' (4). Essentially, it's a case of if they don't - we won't. However, one can't help but feel that the US retreat simply gave the Australian Government a convenient excuse to pull out. The Kyoto Protocol was a low priority for the Howard government from the very beginning. Economic Australia was one of only two nations that successfully negotiated an increase in their GGE's. They were allowed to increase their emissions by 8% on 1990 levels by 2012 (5). Prime Minister John Howard described this political victory as a terrific result for Australia. However, the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE) have recently released a sobering statistic. ...read more.

Conclusion

As an example, this year NSW State Forests won a contract for carbon credits with Japanese electrical company TEPCO worth $120 million (9). However, the viability of Emissions Trading is now in severe doubt with t the support of the US. Environmental Political and economic considerations aside, another danger of global warming is rising sea levels, due to the melting of the polar ice caps. Consider a nation like the Maldives, a small group of islands in the Indian Ocean. The average height of land in the Maldives is only a few metres above sea level. If the issue of greenhouse gas emissions is not immediately addressed, the Maldives, in the not too distant future, will be completely under water. Conclusion Climate change is a global concern and we can see that Australia's reluctance to seriously participate in the Kyoto Protocol will have serious consquences for the entire Asia-Pacific region, not just Australia. It is also clear that Australia is too willing to agree with America. It is the responsibility of the world's two most notorious polluters to take the lead role in reducing GGE's, not to turn their backs to the problem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Nowadays, climate change is a hot topic and has been the subject of intense ...

    It is an effective way to reduce the pollution and reduce global warming. Otherwise, we should use or buy a fuel-efficient car.

  2. Contemporary issue assignment

    Maldives has the highest ratio of international tourism receipts to GDP (49.8 percent) (WTO 2002) Especially in rural areas, the diversification created by tourism helps communities that are possibly dependent on only one industry. As tourism in Maldives grows, additional opportunities are created for investment, development, and infrastructure spending.

  1. Explain why international agreements are essential if anything effective is to be done about ...

    This will have a negative effect on the residents of Dongtan, who have moved there for a better quality of life, yet will be faced with high taxes. In the development of Dongtan, the local people have not been considered since Arup concentrates on encouraging people to migrate to the area and tourism.

  2. What impact has study into perception had on the nature nurture debate?

    His confidence diminished in aspects such as crossing roads, he had previously not perceived this activity as a dangerous objective. Although he gained his sight he would constantly refer to his other senses to make sense of things.

  1. Ecosystems at Risk - the Great Barrier Reef

    A deviation in these temperatures ranging from 1 - 2 �C (see Figure 1.3 below) for a time bracket of 5 - 10 weeks could start a bleaching event on the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Bleaching Coral bleaching is a stress condition within corals that involves the breakdown of the symbiotic relationship consisting between the coral and zooxanthellae.

  2. To what extent would you agree that international co-operation is important in tackling world ...

    From a global perspective, biomass burning anywhere is a major source of greenhouse gases contributing to global warming, influencing the climate on regional and global scales. Likewise, in the disruption of achieving environment conservation, newly- elected United States President George W.

  1. Virgin Atlantic Sustainable Development Global Warming

    "The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under which industrialized countries will reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% compared to the year 1990. The goal is to lower overall emissions of six greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, HFC's, and PFC's - calculated as an average over the fiver-year period of 2008-12.

  2. Sustainable tourism, myth or reality?

    An increasing amount of people are choosing low cost eco friendly travel methods and new technology is to helping to cut back carbon emissions. Money generated from tourism is being re invested into protecting the environment and ensuring local culture is not lost.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work