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Population structure can make or break a country, explain this statement

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Introduction

Population structure can make or break a country, explain this statement Population structure is a key factor in a countries economy or society. The population structure can consequently 'make' or 'break' a country. Population structure is represented more commonly by a population pyramid, which focuses on the main influences of age, gender and life expectancy. A country can be made, simply by having a large working age group, keeping the economy of the country strong and more stable. If as country has a small working age group then the country will be suffering in it's economy and also the society will start to decline in it's strength. This Is obviously only one example, so to discuss this statement I will study two examples were the population structure is making it, and two examples were the population structure is breaking it. First of all are the examples were the population structure is breaking the country. Japan is severely in trouble, it has an ageing population and a low infant mortality (only 1.4 children on average are born per women). ...read more.

Middle

This is a serious problem and is the main reason why the country is breaking. The HIV has resulted in the population structure having a low life expectancy of only 42,73 years! HIV killing 370,000 of the whole population is showing just how much of a problem there is. The high birth rate shows that there is a high risk of pregnancy, which would be correct due to a lack of contraception and a lack of education which would actually provide knowledge on how to prevent births. The economy is small and has little effect to keep the country sustainable and the sociable moods are a risk. There is a high crime rate, especially rape. A high birth rate combined with a small economy spells disaster and results in the country slowly, but surely declining. South Africa could effectively get to the point of no return, where there will be no recovery of the breaking of the country. ...read more.

Conclusion

Eventually the quality of life will be very high, meaning less social issues, and the crime rate will decrease. A problem could be that it ends up with an unsustainable population structure like Japan however a child policy seen in China could easily eradicate this possibility. To conclude, I can see clearly that the population structure does indeed make or break a country; Japan and South Africa show how a country is broken due to low birth rates, and high life expectancy's, and how diseases or natural occurrences can have a breaking effect. China and Brazil show how the high birth rate and high life expectancy can result in a country being made. All examples show how a certain area, such as birth rate or life expectancy can have large effect on the economy and society of a country. We can see comparisons in areas of the same structure and how they have an effect of the outcome when combined. The population structure does have its limits as one structure eventually 'transforms' into another. A country will go in cycles, from being made to being broke. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mrs Gray Ryan Moore 1/2 ...read more.

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