• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Edward Clarke 13PM Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester Since the Industrial Revolution Manchester has always been a large and important city. By 1800 there were over 500 Rotary Steam-Engine in Britain's mines and factories. With the invention of Watt's steam-engine, factories no longer had to be built close to fast-flowing rivers and streams which used to be the source of power for the machines and mills. Entrepreneurs now tended to build factories where there was a good supply of labour and coal. Manchester became a prime location for textile factories. Large warehouses were also built to store and display the spun yarn and finished cloth. The town's population grew rapidly alongside the growth in industry. With neighbouring Salford, Manchester had about 25,000 inhabitants in 1772. By 1800 the population had grown to 95,000. The rich factory owners built large houses around the Mosley Street area. At first the cheap housing for the factory workers were confined to New Cross and Newtown. However, as the population grew, close-packed houses were built next to factories all over Manchester. The Stockton & Darlington railway line opened in 1825 successfully reduced the cost of transporting coal. It soon became clear that large profits could be made by building railways. The Liverpool & Manchester railway was opened on 15th September, 1830. ...read more.

Middle

At an exhibition in London local authorities were invited to show proposals for developing sites like the derelict land at Manchester Docks. During the 1980s, Salford City Council (SCC) purchased much of the dock area from the Manchester Ship Canal Company. In 1983 and 1984 development plans were drawn up by SCC and a private developer called Urban Waterside Limited. The plan was finally published on the 7th of May 1985 and approved by the Department of the Environment. Salford Quays provides an excellent example of inner city redevelopment. Planners have breathed new life into an area that was derelict yet had enormous potential. This picture shows Salford Quays viewed from the south west. The picture shows how close Salford Quays is to the city centre of Manchester (centre background). The Metrolink route also encourages visits by tourists. Accessibility to the regions motorways, railways and the city centre of Manchester has been important in the development of Salford Quays. Trafford Park was once the largest industrial estate in Europe and its industries relied on the Port of Manchester docks. They included chemicals, timber handling, grain storage, engineering and distributive activities. When Trafford Park Development Corporation was disbanded at the end of the 1990s, responsibility for the area passed back to Trafford Borough Council and Salford City Council. ...read more.

Conclusion

Indeed, they reduced the availability of housing in the city, therefore increasing the problem. These schemes did, in general, improve the standards of the dwellings from the squalor of the Victorian terraces. However, the schemes that were so widely praised when first implemented, like the first Hulme development, have proven to be faulty in design and increased the problems in the area. For example, crime and noise pollution in Hulme's crescents. On the whole I believe that the more recent regeneration schemes are more successful. Initiatives such as the Salford Quays EZ and the Hulme City Challenge have not only vastly improved the quality and appearance of the dwellings in the area but also counteracted other serious problems like high crime and unemployment rates. These initiatives have also targeted areas that suffered most from the decline in industry, such as the Quays, and provided permanent jobs for the local population. The regeneration programme for the east of Manchester also targets an area that has not been the subject of previous initiatives and will provide a greatly needed injection of investment and improvement into the area. Overall, I feel the early initiatives did not achieve what they set out to do and some also caused more problems than were first there. My general feeling is that the initiatives have improved over time and that with increased planning they will continue to improve the social environment of the inner city of Manchester. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful are the regeneration schemes in Liverpool?

    4 star(s)

    *Attracting inward investment from North America and the Far East The pictures below show the 'before and after' the Albert Dock regeneration. To revive the massive area of dereliction the total cost was about �60 million and took from 1981-87.

  2. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    This led to decline as businesses set up elsewhere; most of docklands became derelict land. The land was not used for a purpose anymore. Also the houses that were built there, were built quickly and the areas were set

  1. Road Traffic Accidents

    8. Occupation: Workers who spend time on the road travelling from one location to another will be affected by higher car insurance premiums.

  2. Investigation into the changes that occur as you move through from the outskirts of ...

    It was done like this so that my results would be more accurate, because if I carried one count at 12 noon in one place and another at 6 pm at another place the results would not be fair as these times would clearly have different amounts of traffic.

  1. World Development

    To add to the PQLI the USA widened its variety to include categories of political freedom and civil rights- Therefore the new result was 'league of human suffering'. It shows that more people of an LEDC'S suffer than MEDC'S and LEDC'S will continue being underdeveloped due to the sufferings increasing the slowing rate of development.

  2. Mexico city speech

    the focus of major infrastructural investments such as roads and public transportation. In turn, this centralisation led to an intense concentration of population. People were drawn to the capital for employment opportunities and to improve their quality of life, as it provided services such as education, health, potable water, and sewerage that were not available in rural areas.

  1. Assessing noise pollution mainly from public transport and other motorists.

    I have chosen to do this because at 100 metres the noise level was too low to be recorded. 2. Noise level measurement will last 1 minute each and then the highest value will be recorded for each encounter. I have chosen 1 minute because less than that time would

  2. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    It is possible that five rings may develop. Hoyt adapted burgess's model, diagram shows Hoyt's model, Hoyt in contrast, proposed the idea that towns grew as sectors, or in wedge shapes. This means that if, for example industry grew up in one part of the town in the 19th century, and later industries would also develop in that sector.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work