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Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester

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Introduction

Edward Clarke 13PM Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester Since the Industrial Revolution Manchester has always been a large and important city. By 1800 there were over 500 Rotary Steam-Engine in Britain's mines and factories. With the invention of Watt's steam-engine, factories no longer had to be built close to fast-flowing rivers and streams which used to be the source of power for the machines and mills. Entrepreneurs now tended to build factories where there was a good supply of labour and coal. Manchester became a prime location for textile factories. Large warehouses were also built to store and display the spun yarn and finished cloth. The town's population grew rapidly alongside the growth in industry. With neighbouring Salford, Manchester had about 25,000 inhabitants in 1772. By 1800 the population had grown to 95,000. The rich factory owners built large houses around the Mosley Street area. At first the cheap housing for the factory workers were confined to New Cross and Newtown. However, as the population grew, close-packed houses were built next to factories all over Manchester. The Stockton & Darlington railway line opened in 1825 successfully reduced the cost of transporting coal. It soon became clear that large profits could be made by building railways. The Liverpool & Manchester railway was opened on 15th September, 1830. ...read more.

Middle

At an exhibition in London local authorities were invited to show proposals for developing sites like the derelict land at Manchester Docks. During the 1980s, Salford City Council (SCC) purchased much of the dock area from the Manchester Ship Canal Company. In 1983 and 1984 development plans were drawn up by SCC and a private developer called Urban Waterside Limited. The plan was finally published on the 7th of May 1985 and approved by the Department of the Environment. Salford Quays provides an excellent example of inner city redevelopment. Planners have breathed new life into an area that was derelict yet had enormous potential. This picture shows Salford Quays viewed from the south west. The picture shows how close Salford Quays is to the city centre of Manchester (centre background). The Metrolink route also encourages visits by tourists. Accessibility to the regions motorways, railways and the city centre of Manchester has been important in the development of Salford Quays. Trafford Park was once the largest industrial estate in Europe and its industries relied on the Port of Manchester docks. They included chemicals, timber handling, grain storage, engineering and distributive activities. When Trafford Park Development Corporation was disbanded at the end of the 1990s, responsibility for the area passed back to Trafford Borough Council and Salford City Council. ...read more.

Conclusion

Indeed, they reduced the availability of housing in the city, therefore increasing the problem. These schemes did, in general, improve the standards of the dwellings from the squalor of the Victorian terraces. However, the schemes that were so widely praised when first implemented, like the first Hulme development, have proven to be faulty in design and increased the problems in the area. For example, crime and noise pollution in Hulme's crescents. On the whole I believe that the more recent regeneration schemes are more successful. Initiatives such as the Salford Quays EZ and the Hulme City Challenge have not only vastly improved the quality and appearance of the dwellings in the area but also counteracted other serious problems like high crime and unemployment rates. These initiatives have also targeted areas that suffered most from the decline in industry, such as the Quays, and provided permanent jobs for the local population. The regeneration programme for the east of Manchester also targets an area that has not been the subject of previous initiatives and will provide a greatly needed injection of investment and improvement into the area. Overall, I feel the early initiatives did not achieve what they set out to do and some also caused more problems than were first there. My general feeling is that the initiatives have improved over time and that with increased planning they will continue to improve the social environment of the inner city of Manchester. ...read more.

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