• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Report on Characteristics and Consequences of an Ageing Population

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Report on Characteristics and Consequences of an Ageing Population INTRODUCTION An ageing population is a population that, for a number of reasons, is collectively and gradually growing older. The main reasons for this are falling birth rates while death rates remain static. An ageing population can, however, have severe consequences for a country, which will be described below. In this report, the characteristics and consequences of an ageing population will be described using specific case studies on a world, and regional scale. Areas where population is ageing will be shown and reasons why the population is ageing in these areas will be outlined. What are the Characteristics of an Ageing Population? An ageing population is a population that is growing older. I other words more people are growing old (old is defined as anyone over 65 years of age), then babies are being born, resulting in a net increase of the average age of a person living in that country. Therefore generally countries with an ageing population have a low death rate (and consequently a high life expectancy) and a similarly low (sometimes even lower) birth rate, which results in the area/country/region having an extremely low natural increase, with, in some more extreme cases a natural decrease. In other words an ageing population can be described by a simple formula: - Fewer babies born + People living for longer = a higher percentage of elderly people. ...read more.

Middle

pensions The economic problems caused by an ageing population are:- * Rising tax burden - the younger population must pay higher taxes to support the pensions, increased healthcare costs etc of the ageing population * Shifts in consumer demand - industries and firms must change what they produce In order to produce something popular among older people - can lead to Business being uncompetitive in international markets where consumers are younger * Labour shortages - less younger people available to take up the jobs vacated By retiring older population can lead to quality of workforce being lessened as Companies are forced to take on less able workers to replace the higher quality Ones who have retired and also the decrease in production capacity of UK - harms Economy - reduces profits and spending of country The Demographic problems of an ageing population are:- * Falling population (eventually) when the older people eventually die there is less Babies being born to replace them, therefore the population begins to fall * Changing nature of dependency - there will eventually be an increase in the % of The population above working age, with a reduced amount of people of working Age to support them due to the low birth rate of the country - a higher dependency ratio - this potentially results in higher taxes and more spending by the government to try and support this ageing population, with ...read more.

Conclusion

problems on a local scale of an ageing population:- * Falling population - when old people eventually die, not enough babies are being born to replace them * Young people are forced out for various reasons, further increasing % of older population * Low birth rates However there are some advantages to an ageing population on a local scale:- * Money is brought into area by migrating old people who are fairly well off * Rise in house prices - good for sellers * Fall in unemployment - as there is less numbers of people of working age to fill the probable subsequent increase in jobs available The problems (and advantages) above are what Seaton, and other similar South coast resorts must now face, and are what Swindon and other similar (demographically) towns/cities will probably eventually have to face in the future Conclusion * MEDC's generally have more ageing population than LEDC's BUT - it is probable that LEDC's in their futures will also have ageing population * The problems faced on an international scale are generally the same problems as faced in more local areas, but simply on a much bigger scale * Causes of ageing populations different in more local areas it is generally caused by migrations of older people, but on an international scale it is almost entirely the result of demographics, as shown in the Demographic Transition Model ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Economics Essay on the change of the demographic characteristics of indonesia

    As a result, we find there are 53 people dependent for every 100 working person. Considering the wage levels obtained in the country and the cost of living, this ratio is deemed as normal. However as more and more young people of both the genders get educated and find employment

  2. Free essay

    The Spatial Diffusion and Socio-economic Consequences of Avian Flu

    The UN-organization for agriculture and Nutrition came up with guidelines for how poultry and animals have to be held in order for diseases like Avian Flu not so spread as quickly and it can be prevented more easily. Also the hygiene standards for animals needed to be raised.

  1. Urbanisation the general characteristics

    This is happening because: People are now more mobile than in the past so they can live further away from work Developments such as the fax and Email means more people can work from home Urbanisation around the world Looing at this data we can draw some usefull observations 1.

  2. Locality and Hapiness: A Study of Quality of Life

    We have used environmental data as a framework for the report, and linked the health data. This does not imply that the environment causes all the diseases described: but these links are part of the reason for environmental concern.

  1. Analysis Of Brazil's Migration Trends

    bad soils to grow crops and therefore if that's their way of living then its not very hopeful, the soils in the south are much better. The soils are not very good in the north as that is where the Amazon rain forest is so therefore all of the plantation is taking all the goodness out of the soil.

  2. Account for the Geographical Characteristics of the Southern Chesapeake colonies at the end of ...

    However this is not how it happened, and Congress intervened insisting that land would be sold in order to produce revenue for Government. Consequently, speculators, land companies and individuals eyed obvious town sites, rivers, fording points, junctions of two rivers, harbours and defensive positions that lay well ahead of the frontier and surveyed land.

  1. Development Report Of Burkina Faso

    Also as the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Burkina Faso is relatively low less money is actually spent on education that the United Kingdom would if it spent the same percentage of it's GDP was spent on education. The lack of money spent on education is reflected by the low literacy rates in adults, which currently stands at 26 %.

  2. Changes in Demographic Characteristics of Indonesia

    [3]6 [4]7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 67.4 67.9 68.3 68.8 69.2 69.7 70.1 70.4 70.8 71.2 From the graph above, you can see the rate at which the average life expectancy is increasing in a steady rate as the line is almost straight.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work