• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sahel Desertification - Informative coursework. The most effective solution to the desertification in the Sahel is to grow perennials in areas and recultivate a strong and efficient green belt.

Extracts from this document...


Name: Aditya Raghunath Krishnan Candidate Number: 488 Centre Name: Dhirubhai Ambani International School Centre Number: IN405 Date: 21/9/09 Coursework Number: 1 (informative) 2nd draft STATEMENT OF INTENT: This piece of coursework is a magazine article to be posted in National Geographic magazine. This article is intended for people of age 15 and above and who are inclined towards environmental conservation. It is hence the language used in this article is simple with occasional use of technical terms. SAHEL, A VICTIM OF DESERTIFICATION On the earth, land covers 15 billion acres. Out of the 15 billion acres, 6 billion is dry land and 17% of it is waterless and parched desert. The remaining dry land is being threatened by desertification. One fourth of the world's population rely on dry land for their livelihood and have set up their homes in these arid places. People in the Sahel are a victim of desertification in these dry lands. ...read more.


Hunting was a very big pastime and a traditional custom. As the days have passed by, the top soil layer has been eroded by strong winds, this was due to hardly any vegetation. Locals claim that loose sand sometimes covers the roads. Rains that covered a 25-day period have now died away. Noumau says that farmers in the village only cultivate millet and winter crops and hunt a few deer. Malam Garba's fields have increased by three times but the harvest is only 14% of what it was before. The perennials that sheltered the annual crops have been destroyed leaving the soil susceptible to erosion. And now the soil fertility has reduced drastically. Decimation of vegetation is a widespread disease that has covered not only Dalli but villages that extend far beyond Dalli in the Sahel. In the Khuwei village (western Sudan), trees protected houses and other buildings but now they have been weathered away. ...read more.


Various projects have supplanted the green belt with artificial growth of plants; this may lead to reduced growth of native plants. The artificially grown green belt may not be able to sustain the harsh weathers and die out leaving the land bare. Since there is few vegetation lying on the desert floor, farmers cut perennials in order to feed their cattle which optimises the rate of desertification. People in the Sahel need to learn to blend into the ecosystem and be a part of it and not be the exploiter, they should learn how to live in a symbiotic relationship with the environment and make an efficient eco-system. The most effective solution to the desertification in the Sahel is to grow perennials in areas and recultivate a strong and efficient green belt. Sahelians shouldn't depend on green projects as their access to regions is very restricted and the projects are limited to certain regions. The best way to implement such a solution is for each farmer to do his part of the work in his land and this would help make a sustainable Sahel. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    atmosphere Here is an illustration of the carbon cycle Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere have been rising drastically in the past 50 years and based on the trend are continuing to do so. As seen in the graph of atmospheric carbon dioxide, levels have risen drastically in the pacific over the past fifty years.

  2. Management of woodland area.

    It is important for young trees as they are not very tall, old trees are large and most of the time they are preventing the light to reach small young trees. If the plants do not get enough sunlight then they will die out.

  1. These results show that the public are aware of the threats against the peat ...

    What do these results mean? As said when stionnaire, it was produced 'to determine how the public values the biodiversity of the Irish peat lands' Looking at my results the facts show that the public agree that the peatlands a unique environment which we should try to protect.

  2. Managing Conflict in Wilderness Areas.

    The Treaty remains in force almost indefinitely. The success of the treaty has been the growth in membership. 44 countries, comprising 80% of the world's population, have acceded to it. Consultative status is open to all countries who have demonstrated their commitment to the Antarctic by conduction significant research.

  1. Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Kenya

    Glades are also common in the Mau forest most of which are as a result of fire burning the vegetation. It is thought that the fires are usually deliberately started as a way of improving the pastures or to clear land for cultivation especially in area with bamboo forests.

  2. Deforestation and Desertification

    $5400, compared to $26,980 per person in the United States (World Bank, 1998). In Bolivia, which holds part of the Amazon rain forest, the average earnings per person is $800(3). Farmers in these countries do not have the money to buy necessities and must raise crops for food and to sell.

  1. In this piece of work I am trying to answer the question. Do trees ...

    The Second Hypothesis The hypothesis I am trying to answer is: "Management has no effect on the ecosystem of woodlands" Management means looking after something. Woods are managed in different ways to attract tourists. During the visit the types of management I saw evidence of in the deciduous wood were habitat, estate and recreation management.

  2. All of the factors coupled with Africa's erratic and dreadfully unpredictable climate have lead ...

    In some areas a herdsman's livestock is a symbol of his status and wealth and large herds are kept. These herds destroy the natural vegetation. Cattle originate from Europe and Asia, and are not suited to the climate found in Africa, nor are they resistant to African diseases.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work