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Sao Paulo - A City in a LEDC

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Introduction

Nameless Beneficiary TP - Geography - Sao Paulo - A City in an LEDC Introduction:- This report will investigate urbanization in Brazil, focusing on Sao Paulo as an example. It will describe and anylyse the effects on the people in and around Sao Paulo and explain how and why urbanization occurs. Urban population change of Brazil since 1920 Since 1920, there has been a vast population change. There has been trend towards moving to cities and out of rural and country areas. This is mainly to do with the availiabilty of jobs and the move towards trying to achieve a more westerized culture. The many people who move into the cities are usually very poor and have little or no possesions. Because of this, shanty towns are errected by the many people that arrive as the inner city housing is too expensive and/or cannot cope with the influx of people. The urban population change in Sao Paulo since 1920. The population of Sao Paulo has increased rapidly in the past 50 years. Many people have moved away from the country, into the city. The population rose slowly up until 1950, where it then 'boomed' as people came for a better standard of living and job. The rapid growth of the population of Sao Paulo The movement of people from country areas to towns and cities is called rural-urban migration. ...read more.

Middle

The houses will be located near to the CBD where most of its inhabitants will work. Any children will be healthy and well educated, and aquire well-paid jobs. Homes are also likely to be near shops and ammenties provided by the CBD. Transport be mostly be by private car or taxi. The environment will be clean with some street cleaners. Poor Housing District : Normal called 'favelas' these shanty towns are occupied by squatters who have no legal right to the land they occupy. They are home to thousands upon thousands of the poor and rural migrants that set up and live in a small one or two roomed shack built from waste materials. These zones will be on the outskirts and usually line the roads. There are usually no facilites for the people living there e.g. no fresh water or sanitation etc. The environment is physically repulsive. The combination of small enclosed space with many people living anywhere possible leads to lack of proper sewerage, electicity, gas, clean running water, toilets etc. Spaces soon become filled with rubbish, as there is no rufuse collection. The area is very overcrowded with health and welfare very poor. Education is non-existant. leading to mass unemployment. With no transport, the area lacks any movement towards quality and tends to increase in its bad state until local government bodies attempt to help. ...read more.

Conclusion

Self-help scheme involve giving favela residents the materials and money needed to bring themselves out of the poor state they are in. By encouraging them to work for themselves, they are set goals and hopefully continue to bring themselves out of the unfortunate situation they are in. The disadvantages of housing projects is that thoses not elligble for houses may dislike the people who have got them and cause trouble. Without proper management the rows of houses may just become high-class favelas supplied with electricity, instead of new areas expected to improve as families concentrate on helping themselves. Self-help schemes are expensive and may collapse if training is not given to those that start the process, although once started successfully, the skills are self-replicating. By destroying all current favelas and then banning others; large scale, low cost housing would be the best way to improving conditions. A carefully monitiered scheme of teaching unskilled workers and introducing apprenticeships in businesses would work well if done correctly. Sao Paulo in the future Sao Paulo's increase in population will slow as the push and pull factors equal out and there is medium qualitly of life both in the city and the country. People will continue to live in favelas as long as the government does nothing. Schemes taken up whereby the commercial parts of the city regroup to an outer area have help other cities, but not those that have such a bad problem and are still developing. ...read more.

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