SAO PAOLO - A Case Study of Urban Planning

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SAO PAULO                                                         - Urban

A case study of

  • Urban planning
  • Solving urban planning problems in an economically developing country
  • Local and national strategies to solve planning problems

Where is Sao Paulo ?

South coast, on Tropic of Capricorn. West of Rio de Janeiro, on narrow coastal lowland.

How has it grown ?

Developed in a similar way to many European cities – grew as a result of one major industry. In Sao Paulo’s case coffee trade. By 1950 central area occupied by rich residents some of whom moved out to hill sides to south west – larger plots of land.

In 1950’s A second CBD developed for business and banking. Shopping centres grew at original CBD.

1960’s - Sao Paulo attracted major car industries – many multinationals  such as Volkswagen, Fiat, Ford set up in or near Sao Paulo. More businesses were attracted. This attracted a constant stream of migrant workers from countryside. Shanty towns grew rapidly on the periferia ( periphery or outer edge), particularly to south and east. These are still growing.


1940 –  1.2. million

1950 –  2.6 millions

1960 –  4.9 millions

1970 –  8.1 millions

1980 – 12.5 millions

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In 1950 35 % of Brazil’s population lived in towns & cities. By 1990 it was 83%.

Why are people attracted to Sao Paulo ?

Main areas of Sao Paulo

Zona Sul (richest with gardens, shpping and leisure complexes, tennis courts private swimming pools ), Zona Norte, Zona Leste, Zona Oeste, Favelas – mainly on south east side near industrial developments


A third of the population live below the “poverty line”.

3 million people live in single room dwellings.

1.5 million people live in one of the 2,500 favelas or shanty towns in ...

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