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Suggest some of the reasons for international migration during the last 30 years.

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Introduction

1. Suggest some of the reasons for international migration during the last 30 years. Throughout history, immigrants have left their home countries to start a new life in a foreign land for many reasons, though the levels of international migration are rising dramatically. Obviously, there are a variety of reasons for this migration, though it is usually due to political or economic reasons. Political repression is often a strong cause for migration with the Kurds in Iraq providing a perfect example. The Kurds are people of Indo-European origin who live mainly in the mountains and uplands where Turkey, Iraq, and Iran meet, in an area known as "Kurdistan" for hundreds of years. They have their own language, related to Persian but divided into two main dialect areas. Although the Kurdish people are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim, they embrace Jews, Christians and other sects. At the end of World War 1, the Ottoman Empire was carved up and the Kurds found themselves segmented between Turkey, Iran and Iraq. In each of the new post-war countries, the Kurds found they were treated with suspicion, and pressured to conform to the ways of the majority. Their old independent way of life was rapidly reduced. ...read more.

Middle

According to a recent study by the U.S. Naturalisation and Immigration service, as least 275,000 illegal immigrants will enter the United States this year. After the Second World War Germanys economy was particularly unstable and required extra workers to 'rebuild' their country. As residents of Turkey required work it seemed appropriate to bring them in as guest workers. However, as the work was completed, the Turks refused to return and many are still living in Turkey today. Many of Britain's immigrants are from areas such as India or Pakistan. We initially allowed them in for labour reasons after the Second World War, as they were part of the British Empire. Our restrictions have now been tightened but as 'Asians' tend to locate together, certain UK cities are becoming recognised for their Asian population. A typical example includes Bradford where the vast population are Pakistanis. In some cases however, people are forced out of their homes for other reasons, which are often ignored. In LEDC's, the construction of damns in upland areas means people living here have to leave. If such a situation occurred in MEDC's, residents would be built a 'replacement' home but the financial circumstances in LEDC's does not allow them to do this. ...read more.

Conclusion

They can change their minds more easily. They can travel back and forth, even on a weekly basis. In other words, for a growing number of people, there is the option of living in two places at the same time. They are able to live 'transnational' lives. After the Second World War, many countries including Germany, suffered from a serious economic downfall. Germany required workers to 'rebuild' their country and the residents of Turkey needed jobs. At this point many Turks became guest workers and were expected to leave Germany once the work had been done. Many Turks refused to leave and many still live there today. In addition, Britain had its arms open to the residents of its empire after the Second World War. This increased migration from countries such as India and Pakistan England. With the welfare system, free health care and education, Britain was a great attraction and as more 'Asians' moved here, the attraction increased. Asians could move here and locate in inner city housing with 'their kind'. The doors to this country have now been closed somewhat, and it is much more difficult for people to immigrate. Together, these factors point to the globalisation of migration. There is more of it, in more places and it is happening faster than ever before. ...read more.

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