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The Canadian and US government spend billions annually to try to cut pollution problems and stabilize them.

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Introduction

The Canadian and US government spend billions annually to try to cut pollution problems and stabilize them. Numerous copies of environmental protection plans have been drafted through in hope to achieve an appropriate government intervention action between polluting companies and them. Three methods of anti pollution actions presented by the government are direct regulation, pollution taxes and tradable permits. It is true that government programs, such as direct regulation, pollution taxes and tradable permits have their advantages and disadvantages, but when benefits outweighing the negatives in a program, such as with tradable permits, industries will willingly comply and find the incentive to make an anti-pollution action effective. Most governments, such as Canada, try to reduce the amount of pollution created in their country through setting pollution limits through a flimsy action called direct regulation. The first and most common form is the restriction amount on the quantity of emission that's permitted to be given off per mile of a vehicle along with the number of harmful chemicals and other pollutants released into the air by factories and other machinery. The same standard is followed for all new automobiles no matter the brand. Even the reduction of carbon monoxide is the same as in Southern Ontario as it is rural Saskatchewan. The purpose of setting the same set of standards is to prevent provinces from relaxing in its emission standards in order to attract new industry. ...read more.

Middle

Companies are free from regulators appointing them with pollution reduction methods, therefore this promotes efficiency as firms will provide themselves with equipment they find best suitable for the company. Another advantage is regulatory agencies estimate damages done to the environment by firms and accordingly adjust tax rates so money received will be used for reparations. Taxes are a good method since they force firms to internalize pollution externalities and self-efficiency is caused. The largest problem is that a reliable reasonably prices pollution meters does not exist for many chemicals and the only way to measure pollution is go through expensive laboratory tests. Only when measurements are accurate in pollution output, is pollution taxes an efficient anti- pollution enforcement. For automobiles, it is impossible to install a reliable monitor to every non-public transit vehicle in order to measure pollution created. Liberal leader, Preston Manning in Toronto has promised a 20% reduction in green house gas emissions through taxes. Even though Manning is looking out for the environment, Canadians disapprove and criticizes that Manning "fail(s) to provide the hard science to justify its plan or how many jobs will be lost."1 Final product of items have to be taxed and with automobiles the price of gas would sky rocket and efficiency completely depends on a consumer's reaction. ...read more.

Conclusion

of Syracuse, NY. This is yet another success story as the plant became more efficient and improved tremendously through selling permits which allowed then to receive extra received. Even Canadian Hydro purchased $22million dollars worth of credits in order to give themselves more time to meet Kyoto summit requirements. With the Kyoto summit in effect, cleaning sped up causing increased its efficiency. Many incentives are created by tradable permits towards businesses and no doubt the environment has benefited. With the market systems we live in today, government intervention is necessary and existent. The public constantly expresses the want for stronger environmental actions to occur and the government has responded and acted. Through various government interventions, we see less output level of pollution. Tradable permits are extremely effective in reducing pollution output in a country but unfortunately, only several countries practice this. Regardless tradable permits are a fine anti-pollution policy to follow and eventually after many other successes, other countries are bound to see the great values tradable permits can present to a country. 1 Richard G. Lipsey, Purvis D. Douglas and Steiner O. Peter, Economics: Seventh Canadian Edition (New York: Harper Collins Publisher, 1991) 476. 1 Durkhan Sean, "Feds into Cut Pollution by 20%: Minister Rules out "Carbon Tax." Toronto Sun. 2 Dec. 1997.12 2 Canada, Senate Committee, The Energy Emission Crisis: A Viable Alternative (Ottawa: The Senate of Canada, 1993) 39. ...read more.

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