• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Canadian and US government spend billions annually to try to cut pollution problems and stabilize them.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Canadian and US government spend billions annually to try to cut pollution problems and stabilize them. Numerous copies of environmental protection plans have been drafted through in hope to achieve an appropriate government intervention action between polluting companies and them. Three methods of anti pollution actions presented by the government are direct regulation, pollution taxes and tradable permits. It is true that government programs, such as direct regulation, pollution taxes and tradable permits have their advantages and disadvantages, but when benefits outweighing the negatives in a program, such as with tradable permits, industries will willingly comply and find the incentive to make an anti-pollution action effective. Most governments, such as Canada, try to reduce the amount of pollution created in their country through setting pollution limits through a flimsy action called direct regulation. The first and most common form is the restriction amount on the quantity of emission that's permitted to be given off per mile of a vehicle along with the number of harmful chemicals and other pollutants released into the air by factories and other machinery. The same standard is followed for all new automobiles no matter the brand. Even the reduction of carbon monoxide is the same as in Southern Ontario as it is rural Saskatchewan. The purpose of setting the same set of standards is to prevent provinces from relaxing in its emission standards in order to attract new industry. ...read more.

Middle

Companies are free from regulators appointing them with pollution reduction methods, therefore this promotes efficiency as firms will provide themselves with equipment they find best suitable for the company. Another advantage is regulatory agencies estimate damages done to the environment by firms and accordingly adjust tax rates so money received will be used for reparations. Taxes are a good method since they force firms to internalize pollution externalities and self-efficiency is caused. The largest problem is that a reliable reasonably prices pollution meters does not exist for many chemicals and the only way to measure pollution is go through expensive laboratory tests. Only when measurements are accurate in pollution output, is pollution taxes an efficient anti- pollution enforcement. For automobiles, it is impossible to install a reliable monitor to every non-public transit vehicle in order to measure pollution created. Liberal leader, Preston Manning in Toronto has promised a 20% reduction in green house gas emissions through taxes. Even though Manning is looking out for the environment, Canadians disapprove and criticizes that Manning "fail(s) to provide the hard science to justify its plan or how many jobs will be lost."1 Final product of items have to be taxed and with automobiles the price of gas would sky rocket and efficiency completely depends on a consumer's reaction. ...read more.

Conclusion

of Syracuse, NY. This is yet another success story as the plant became more efficient and improved tremendously through selling permits which allowed then to receive extra received. Even Canadian Hydro purchased $22million dollars worth of credits in order to give themselves more time to meet Kyoto summit requirements. With the Kyoto summit in effect, cleaning sped up causing increased its efficiency. Many incentives are created by tradable permits towards businesses and no doubt the environment has benefited. With the market systems we live in today, government intervention is necessary and existent. The public constantly expresses the want for stronger environmental actions to occur and the government has responded and acted. Through various government interventions, we see less output level of pollution. Tradable permits are extremely effective in reducing pollution output in a country but unfortunately, only several countries practice this. Regardless tradable permits are a fine anti-pollution policy to follow and eventually after many other successes, other countries are bound to see the great values tradable permits can present to a country. 1 Richard G. Lipsey, Purvis D. Douglas and Steiner O. Peter, Economics: Seventh Canadian Edition (New York: Harper Collins Publisher, 1991) 476. 1 Durkhan Sean, "Feds into Cut Pollution by 20%: Minister Rules out "Carbon Tax." Toronto Sun. 2 Dec. 1997.12 2 Canada, Senate Committee, The Energy Emission Crisis: A Viable Alternative (Ottawa: The Senate of Canada, 1993) 39. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Was the Copenhagen summit COP15 a success?

    to reduce by 30% all by 2020. Considering that past goals were not seen as ambitious enough, the lack of specific goals in COP15 spell a definite fail in our aim of a halting increase at less than a 2C rise. It also stated that developed and developing countries have to report their plans for low carbon emissions by 31st January 2010.

  2. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    Integrated pollution control (IPC) allies to more than 5000 existing industrial processes with the largest pollution potential. It regulates all their releases to land, water and air. It is enforced by an Inspectorate of Pollution. The second system is enforced by local authorities and covers 27000 complex processes, controlling only emissions to the air.

  1. Evaluate proposals for reducing environmental air pollution by energy taxation and emissions trading

    is equal to t* the new production will be at Q* as this will be where the polluter maximizes private net benefits. Therefore, for the tax to be successful it should be set at the level of MEC at the optimum level of production.

  2. In this piece of writing, I am trying to find out if trees adapt ...

    to grow as water and nutrients are no available on the path. This would be the reason for most non-living things to be found in habitat management. Graphs Below are the graphs showing the results of my field work in Russell's Inclosure.

  1. Atmospheric Pollution.

    Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) A reddish-brown gas that comes from the burning of fossil fuels. It has a strong smell at high levels. Nitrogen dioxide mostly comes from power plants and cars. Nitrogen dioxide is formed in two ways-when nitrogen in the fuel is burned, or when nitrogen in the air reacts with oxygen at very high temperatures.

  2. Air Pollution.

    What effect does air pollution have on the environment? What causes air pollution? There are two main types of air pollution, natural pollution and pollution caused by people. The pollution caused by people is much more harmful to the people and environment that natural pollution is.

  1. Russia's dilemma - Is Russia going to sign the Kyoto treaty?

    In the time being, Russia is still reluctant to ratify the protocol and it seems like Russian's ambiguous stance on ratification will continue at least for a while considering Vladimir Putin recently pointed out in the UN World Climate Change Conference that Moscow still needs more time to study the

  2. Land Pollution.

    Each time the concentration level of the pesticide tends to build up as it goes up the food chain. At the top of the food chain the "top carnivore" may accumulate such a high level of pesticide that it either kills them, or, what often happens, kills their young when

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work