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The challenges of managing rural environmental change.

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Introduction

Katie Bath 12AP 27th September 2002 The challenges of managing rural environmental change Rural environments are modified by changes in economic activity. Most rural land use is a result of farming, particularly in LEDC, where the country is more primary based income. Land use in rural areas is being exploited in many areas such as: * Mining * Quarrying * Water supply * Forestry * Military activity * Tourism * Transport * New settlements Changes in farming have also affected rural environments, in a variety of different places. They have altered what the landscape looks like. Because of farming becoming uneconomic, many farmers have been forced to leave their land. People such as recreation or forestry later use the land. They also affect it and alter how it looks. Examples of this happening are like in the Lake District or the highlands of Scotland. ...read more.

Middle

So therefore, only one crop is made, increasing monocultures. The reason farmers only make one type of crop is because of the vast amounts of their money have been put into the machines which are specialized to only one crop. The problem with these new machines was that they needed large areas of land to work by. And farms became bigger. This caused problems because in order to make the field bigger many hedgerows fell. They were no longer needed to separate the fields up. These changes resulted in fewer habitats for animals, an increase in soil erosion and average wind speed increased and a reduction in the aesthetic quality of the landscape. This intensification also resulted in a huge increase of artificial fertilisers such as nitrogen and phosphorus that resulted in eutrophication. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion to this there is an obvious problem with the farming today. Not only are farmers not making the right amount of money, but also for most farmers 80% of their income comes from the government, which helps their farm to carry on with production. The main changes I can see that are occurring in farming are that machines seem to be taking over. They may be quicker and more efficient, but they also seem to be causing big problems in the new attitude taken to farming. Farmers have to do other things to their land to increase the amount of money they are receiving. It seems that in the future, farmers are turning to tourism and other money earning activity, usually evolving accommodation and the use of their land. It appears that the way of farming has changed forever. Farmers are struggling to receive the income they need, and are having to use up rural land to fulfil their money problems. The way of traditional farming has defiantly changed. ...read more.

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